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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Haunted by the past: Insomniacs unable to get emotional distress off their mind
Cringe-worthy mistakes and embarrassing blunders made today won't seem so bad tomorrow. That is, unless you're an insomniac, research at the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience shows. The scientists asked participants to relive their most shameful experiences of decades ago while making MRI scans of their brain activity. While good sleepers literally settled those experiences in their head as neutralized memories, people with insomnia were not able to do so. This breakthrough ...
Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience - KNAW - 4/25/2019


Being too harsh on yourself could lead to OCD and anxiety: A correlation was found between strong feelings of responsibility and likelihood of developing OCD or GAD in American university students
A new study has found that people who reported intense feelings of responsibility were susceptible to developing Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) or Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) was published in the International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. "People with OCD [are] tortured by repeatedly occurring negative thinking and they take some strategy to prevent it... GAD is a very pervasive type of anxiety. [Patients] worry about everything." describes Associate Professor ...
Hiroshima University - 4/25/2019


‘13 Reasons Why’ and Young Adults’ Risk of Suicide
One of the most heavily watched and debated fictional portrayals of suicide in recent years was the Netflix series “13 Reasons Why,” which raised outcries about potential contagion stemming from its portrayal of a female high-school student’s suicide. Google searches about suicide spiked after the release of Season 1, physicians said that several children created lists of “13 reasons why” they wanted to kill themselves, and one hospital saw an increase in admissions of children who ...
Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania - 4/25/2019


Study confirms value of exposure therapy for vets with PTSD, alcohol problems
Prolonged exposure therapy is more effective at treating PTSD than Seeking Safety, a coping skills therapy, for patients who also have alcohol use disorder, found a VA San Diego Healthcare System study. The findings offer important guidance for clinicians in the VA health care system, which cares for many veterans coping with both PTSD and problem drinking. The researchers compared patients who were given integrated alcohol and prolonged exposure treatment with those given ...
Veterans Affairs Research Communications - 4/24/2019


Some women could be more susceptible to PTSD than others, according to new study
Childhood trauma is known to increase the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood, especially for women, but the biological reasons for this correlation remain largely unknown. In a new study from the University of Missouri, researchers have proposed a solution to this mystery in the form of a model that could help psychiatrists better understand the far-reaching impacts of early trauma on women, while also clarifying why not all women with traumatic childhoods develop PTSD.
University of Missouri-Columbia - 4/23/2019


Brain wiring differences identified in children with conduct disorder
Behavioural problems in young people with severe antisocial behaviour - known as conduct disorder - could be caused by differences in the brain's wiring that link the brain's emotional centres together, according to new research led by the University of Birmingham. Conduct disorder affects around 1 in 20 children and teenagers and is one of the most common reasons for referral to child and adolescent mental health services. It is characterised by a wide range of antisocial or aggressive ...
University of Birmingham - 4/18/2019


Indicators of despair rising among Gen X-ers entering middle age
Indicators of despair--depression, suicidal ideation, drug use and alcohol abuse--are rising among Americans in their late 30s and early 40s across most demographic groups, according to new research led by Lauren Gaydosh, assistant professor of Medicine, Health and Society and Public Policy Studies at Vanderbilt University. These findings suggest that the increase in "deaths of despair" observed among low-educated middle-aged white Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964) in recent studies may ...
Vanderbilt University - 4/15/2019


People With a Sense of Oneness Experience Greater Life Satisfaction
People who believe in oneness — the idea that everything in the world is connected and interdependent — appear to have greater life satisfaction than those who don’t, regardless of whether they belong to a religion or don’t, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. “The feeling of being at one with a divine principle, life, the world, other people or even activities has been discussed in various religious traditions but also in a wide variety of scientific ...
American Psychological Association - 4/11/2019


Research shows evidence of impulsive behavior in nonsuicidal self-injury: Outcome suggests promising treatment target for some at high-risk for suicide
Are young adults who harm themselves more at risk for suicide? New research suggests there could be a connection under specific conditions associated with negative emotions. Kenneth J.D. Allen, Ph.D., a postdoctoral research fellow in the Psychosocial Research Program at Butler Hospital and the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, recently published several articles related to this important topic. His research ...
Care New England - 4/10/2019


New to college? Spend some time alone
Transitioning from high school to college can be stressful. Trying to fit in, making new friends, missing old ones and home, meeting professors' and one's own expectations--can all be daunting. The way that first-year students manage (or not) to navigate this change has long-term implications for their academic performance and ability to stick with their studies. Research has shown that one frequent pitfall during this transition period from high school to college is social isolation.
University of Rochester - 4/9/2019


The anxiety of exposure: Why we suffer from imposter syndrome
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics (Perm), in collaboration with an American colleague, confirmed the theory that impostor syndrome fully mediates the link between perfectionism and psychological distress. Perfectionism is a personality trait that makes a person strive for perfection. It can manifest itself in an adaptive or a maladaptive form. Adaptive perfectionism is the desire to meet high standards that are achievable with certain efforts. Maladaptive perfectionism is ...
National Research University Higher School of Economics - 4/9/2019


Childhood trauma has lasting effect on brain connectivity in patients with depression: Penn-led study confirms the important relationship between childhood trauma and major depression
A study lead by Penn Medicine researchers found that childhood trauma is linked to abnormal connectivity in the brain in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). The paper, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), is the first data-driven study to show symptom-specific, system-level changes in brain network connectivity in MDD. "With estimates of approximately 10 percent of all children in the United States having been subjected to child abuse, ...
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - 4/8/2019


Anti-inflammatory medicine can have a beneficial effect on depression: Research carried out by the national psychiatry project iPSYCH shows that arthritis medicine can have a beneficial effect on symptoms of depression
The World Health Organization (WHO) calls depression one of the most serious mental disorders, and researchers around the world are trying to improve treatment of the disease. Now in the largest meta-analysis ever carried out, researchers from iPSYCH have shown that medicine which inhibits inflammation such as e.g. arthritis medicine can also be effective in the treatment of people suffering from depression. "Our study shows that a combination of anti-inflammatory medicine, ...
Aarhus University - 4/8/2019


More sleep may help teens with ADHD focus and organize
Teenagers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may benefit from more sleep to help them focus, plan and control their emotions. The findings--the first of their kind in young people with ADHD--will be presented today at the American Physiological Society's (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2019 in Orlando, Fla. ADHD is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders among children and adolescents. People with ADHD often have trouble with executive ...
American Physiological Society - 4/8/2019


Children develop PTSD when they 'overthink' their trauma
Children are more likely to suffer Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) if they think their reaction to traumatic events is not 'normal' - according to new research from the University of East Anglia. While most children recover well after a traumatic event, some go on to develop PTSD that may stay with them for months, years, or even into adulthood. A new study, published today, reveals that children begin down this route when they have trouble processing their trauma and perceive ...
University of East Anglia - 3/26/2019


Mothers of fussy babies at higher risk of depressive symptoms: Study explores whether a baby's level of prematurity in combination with infant fussiness may influence the severity of maternal depressive symptoms
It's no secret that fussy newborns can be especially challenging for parents already facing physical and mental exhaustion from caring for a new baby. But now science backs up the impact on parents: The less soothable the infant, the more distressed the mother. Mothers of highly irritable infants experience greater depressive symptoms, according to new University of Michigan-led research. The nationally representative study, which included data from more than 8,200 children and ...
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan - 3/25/2019


When neurons are out of shape, antidepressants may not work
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed medication for major depressive disorder (MDD), yet scientists still do not understand why the treatment does not work in nearly thirty percent of patients with MDD. Now, Salk Institute researchers have discovered differences in growth patterns of neurons of SSRI-resistant patients. The work, published in Molecular Psychiatry on March 22, 2019, has implications for depression as well as other psychiatric ...
Salk Institute - 3/22/2019


How team sports change a child's brain: Team sports associated with less depression in boys as young as 9
Adult depression has long been associated with shrinkage of the hippocampus, a brain region that plays an important role in memory and response to stress. Now, new research from Washington University in St. Louis has linked participation in team sports to larger hippocampal volumes in children and less depression in boys ages 9 to 11. "Our findings are important because they help illuminate the relationships between involvement in sports, volume of a particular brain region and ...
Washington University in St. Louis - 3/21/2019


Eating breakfast with parents is associated with positive body image for teenagers
Parents hoping to raise teenagers with positive body image might just find helpful tools in the kitchen every morning. A new study from the University of Missouri says consistently eating breakfast as a family might promote positive body image for children and adolescents. "We know that developing healthy behaviors in adolescence such as eating breakfast every day and eating family meals can have long-term effects into adulthood," said Virginia Ramseyer Winter, assistant professor in ...
University of Missouri-Columbia - 3/21/2019


Is anxiety in childhood and adolescence linked to later alcohol use disorders?
In an Addiction analysis of relevant published studies, investigators found some evidence for a positive association between anxiety during childhood and adolescence with later alcohol use disorders. Approximately 43 percent of associations were positive, meaning that anxiety was associated with a higher likelihood of later alcohol use disorders; however, 11 percent of associations were negative, with anxiety being associated with a lower likelihood of later alcohol use disorders.
Wiley - 3/20/2019


New research identifies potential PTSD treatment improvement
Researchers may have found a way to improve a common treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by changing how the brain learns to respond less severely to fearful conditions, according to research published in Journal of Neuroscience. The study by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School suggests a potential improvement to exposure therapy - the current gold standard for PTSD treatment and anxiety reduction - which helps people ...
University of Texas at Austin - 3/18/2019


Negative Emotions Can Reduce Our Capacity to Trust
It is no secret that a bad mood can negatively affect how we treat others. But can it also make us more distrustful? Yes, according to a new study, which shows that negative emotions reduce how much we trust others, even if these emotions were triggered by events that have nothing to do with the decision to trust. The study was carried out by an international research team from the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and the University of Zurich (UZH).
University of Zurich - 3/14/2019


Mental health issues increased significantly in young adults over last decade: Shift may be due in part to rise of digital media, study suggests
The percentage of young Americans experiencing certain types of mental health disorders has risen significantly over the past decade, with no corresponding increase in older adults, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. "More U.S. adolescents and young adults in the late 2010s, versus the mid-2000s, experienced serious psychological distress, major depression or suicidal thoughts, and more attempted suicide," said lead author ...
American Psychological Association - 3/14/2019


Mindfulness found to improve mental health of students: Study is first UK trial to test efficacy of therapy on medical students
Mental health amongst university students could be improved by introducing mindfulness training. These are the findings from the first UK study, published in Education Research International, to measure the efficacy of mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on students. Recent evidence suggests that university students are more likely to develop mental health problems when compared with the general population. The University of Bristol-led study aimed to establish whether ...
University of Bristol - 3/11/2019


Forgotten Fathers: New Dads Also at Risk for Postpartum Depression
It's increasingly common to hear about new moms suffering from the baby blues. But what about new dads? A new UNLV study, published last week in the Journal of Family Issues, offers an in-depth view of new fathers' experiences with postpartum depression (PPD). The study explores issues they encounter and how they can move beyond barriers they face in receiving diagnoses and treatment of the little-known phenomenon.
University of Nevada, Las Vegas - 3/7/2019


Social anxiety disorder may increase risk of alcoholism
New research published in Depression and Anxiety indicates that, unlike other anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorder may have a direct effect on alcoholism. For the study, researchers assessed alcoholism, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and specific phobias through interviews with 2,801 adult Norwegian twins.
Wiley - 3/6/2019


Two-thirds of pregnant women under 25 in London have a mental health problem
New research suggests two-thirds (67%) of pregnant women in London aged between 16 and 24 years have mental health problems including depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder, according to new research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). Anxiety disorders, in particular social phobia, are especially high. By comparison, the research suggests roughly one in five (21%) pregnant women in ...
National Institute for Health Research - 3/6/2019


Daily intake of nutritional supplements cannot prevent depression
MooDFOOD, the largest randomized clinical trial to study the effects of nutritional strategies on the prevention of major depressive disorder concludes that daily intake of nutritional supplements cannot prevent depression. Over 1000 participants who were overweight or had obesity and were identified as being at elevated risk for depression but who were not currently depressed, from four European countries -the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany and Spain, took part in the study.
European Association for the Study of Obesity - 3/5/2019


Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases risk of ADHD among offspring up to 3-fold
The higher the cotinine levels were in the mother’s blood during pregnancy, the greater was the child’s risk of developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) later in life, showed an epidemiological study conducted by the Research Centre for Child Psychiatry at the University of Turku. Globally, it is the first study in which the connection between fetal nicotine exposure and diagnosis of ADHD was shown by measuring cotinine levels from pregnant maternal serum specimens.
University of Turku - 2/26/2019


Life's transitions easier with a sense of a well-rounded ending, new study shows
We are more likely to have positive feelings about transitioning from one stage of life to the next if we have a "well-rounded ending"--or one marked by a sense of closure--finds a team of psychology researchers. "Starting a new life phase in a positive and constructive way is often challenging, so we examined methods that could help people find a good start to a new job, a new relationship, or a new home," explains Gabriele Oettingen, a professor in New York University's Department of ...
New York University - 2/25/2019


Being surrounded by green space in childhood may improve mental health of adults
Children who grow up with greener surroundings have up to 55% less risk of developing various mental disorders later in life. This is shown by a new study from Aarhus University, Denmark, emphasizing the need for designing green and healthy cities for the future. A larger and larger share of the world's population now lives in cities and WHO estimates that more than 450 millions of the global human population suffer from a mental disorder. A number that is expected to increase.
Aarhus University - 2/25/2019


Working long hours linked to depression in women
Women who work more than 55 hours a week are at a higher risk of depression but this is not the case for men, according to a new UCL-led study with Queen Mary University of London. The study of over 20,000 adults, published today in the BMJ's Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, found that after taking age, income, health and job characteristics into account, women who worked extra-long hours had 7.3% more depressive symptoms than women working a ...
University College London - 2/25/2019


School of Public Health study links unhealthy diet to mental illness in California adults
A study has found that poor mental health is linked with poor diet quality — regardless of personal characteristics such as gender, education, age, marital status and income level. The study, published Feb. 16 in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, revealed that California adults who consumed more unhealthy food were also more likely to report symptoms of either moderate or severe psychological distress than their peers who consume a healthier diet.
Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center - 2/21/2019


Student likeability might be link between academic success and risk of depression
A new study suggests that children doing well in classrooms are more popular and emotionally secure than their peers who are having trouble academically. The research from the University of Missouri directly challenges the common stereotype that academically gifted children are considered less popular than their peers. The findings also confirm the significant impact academic performance can have on a student's mental and social well-being.
University of Missouri-Columbia - 2/20/2019


Keep calm and don't carry on when parenting teens: Researchers look at how mothers and fathers control themselves (and their rising anger) in difficult interactions with their teenagers
The field of adolescent psychology is increasingly focused on parents, with researchers asking how mothers and fathers control themselves (and their rising anger) in difficult interactions with their children. As anyone who has raised a teenager knows, parental goals often don't exactly align with those of the child. Sometimes, not even close. "Discipline issues usually peak during toddlerhood and then again during adolescence, because both periods are really marked by exploration and ...
University of Rochester - 2/19/2019


Suicide can't be predicted by asking about suicidal thoughts, major Australian study shows
The majority of people who die by suicide deny having suicidal thoughts when asked by doctors in the weeks and months leading up to their death, a ground-breaking UNSW Sydney study has found. The research questions a widely held belief that suicide can be accurately predicted by psychiatrists and clinicians by assessing a patient's risk, especially in the short-term.
University of New South Wales - 2/1/2019


Exercise may fight depression in older adults, study suggests: Physical activity promotes increased expression of 'feel-good' chemicals through muscle changes
New research suggests that exercise-induced muscle changes could help boost mood in older adults. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Cell Physiology. Exercise increases the expression of certain proteins (transcription factors) that help regulate gene expression and the processing (metabolism) of tryptophan in the body. Tryptophan is a mood-enhancing chemical closely related to serotonin, a substance that also affects mood. Many people ...
American Physiological Society - 1/31/2019


Persistent low body weight for young kids may place them at higher risk for anorexia nervosa later in adolescence
A new study has found that a persistent low body mass index (BMI) in children, starting as young as age 2 for boys and 4 for girls, may be a risk factor for the development of anorexia nervosa in adolescence. In addition, the study, published in the February 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, found that a persistent high BMI in childhood may be a risk factor for later development of bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and purging disorder.
University of North Carolina Health Care - 1/31/2019


New knowledge could help predict and prevent depression
In a new study, researchers from the Danish iPSYCH project demonstrate that people with the highest genetic propensity are over two and a half times as likely to be treated in a psychiatric hospital for depression compared to people with the lowest propensity. This knowledge could be utilised to strengthen preventative efforts for those who are at risk. In Denmark, 15.5 per cent of woman and nine per cent of men receive treatment for depression at a psychiatric hospital at some stage ...
Aarhus University - 1/31/2019


Data show no evidence that teens' social media use predicts depression over time
Longitudinal data from adolescents and young adults show no evidence that social media use predicts later depressive symptoms, according to research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. However, the findings do show that relatively higher depressive symptoms predicted later social media use among adolescent girls. This research stands in contrast with recent claims that adolescents’ use of social media may lead to depression ...
Association for Psychological Science - 1/30/2019



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