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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Fish oil may help improve mood in veterans
Low concentration of fish oil in the blood and lack of physical activity may contribute to the high levels of depressed mood among soldiers returning from combat, according to researchers, including a Texas A&M University professor and his former doctoral student.
ScienceDaily - 9/22/2016


Loneliness Could Be Built Into Your DNA: Scientists conducted the largest ever study of the trait’s heritability
Genetics are at least partly to blame for life-long loneliness, according to the largest ever study of the personality trait’s heritability. American researchers found that the tendency to feel left out, isolated and lacking companionship over a lifetime is between 14-27% genetic. Scientists described the trait as “mildly heritable”, but said environmental factors were still more likely to be responsible for a recurring sense of isolation.
The Huffington Post UK - 9/22/2016


Fear of stigma or sanction keeps many doctors from revealing mental health issues, study finds
Even as doctors across America encourage their patients to share concerns about depression, anxiety and other concerns, a new study suggests the doctors may be less likely to seek help for those same concerns about themselves. Part of the reason lies in concern that due to stigma, others may doubt their ability to keep up with a demanding profession.
ScienceDaily - 9/22/2016


Why don't antidepressants work in some patients? Mouse study shows it may be down to your environment
SSRI antidepressants (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, the best known being Prozactm) are amongst the most commonly taken medicines. However, there seems to be no way of knowing in advance whether or not SSRIs will work effectively. Now a group of researchers has developed a new theory of SSRI action, and tested it in stressed mice. The results show why the circumstances we find ourselves in may influence whether an antidepressant works or not.
ScienceDaily - 9/20/2016


Entitlement -- a damning recipe for happiness
Entitlement--a personality trait driven by exaggerated feelings of deservingness and superiority--may lead to chronic disappointment, unmet expectations and a habitual, self-reinforcing cycle of behavior with dire psychological and social costs, according to new research by Case Western Reserve University. In a new theoretical model, researchers have mapped how entitled personality traits may lead to a perpetual loop of distress, in a literature review published in the Psychological Bulletin.
Case Western Reserve University - 9/13/2016


Discrimination toward overweight adolescents predictive of emotional problems
Discrimination and bullying experienced by sixth graders who are overweight leads to increased emotional problems by the end of eighth grade, according to new research published in the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, a journal of the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. The results suggest that to reduce the emotional problems, efforts must not only focus on children and adolescents' weight-loss, but must address the alarmingly disrespectful and ...
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America - 9/13/2016


Chronic stress increases level of a protein that decreases availability of mood-regulating chemical
One way chronic stress appears to cause depression is by increasing levels of a protein in the brain that decreases the availability of an important chemical that regulates our mood, scientists report. They have found elevated levels of transglutaminase 2, or TG2, in the brains of mice experiencing chronic stress – an animal model of depression – as well as the prefrontal cortex of depressed people who committed suicide.
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University - 9/13/2016


Risks of Postpartum Depression Higher in Mothers of Preemies
Postpartum depression is the most common complication of pregnancy and childbirth, affecting up to 15 percent of all women within the first three months following delivery. Research has shown that mothers of infants born prematurely have almost double the rates of postpartum depression, particularly during their time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
Care New England - 9/13/2016


Know the Warning Signs of Suicidal Thoughts: Family members, friends often in the best position to save a life, mental health expert says
Family, friends and acquaintances can play a key role in suicide prevention by being alert for signs and taking action to help someone who may be struggling, a mental health expert says. Nearly 43,000 Americans commit suicide each year, according to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. For the past two decades, suicide rates have been rising in the United States, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.
HealthDay - 9/12/2016


Postpartum psychosis big risk for mothers with bipolar disorder: Disorder often missed, physicians reluctant to prescribe most effective medication for mothers
Pregnant women with bipolar disorder and their families and physicians should be aware of a significantly higher risk for developing postpartum psychosis, according to a new Northwestern Medicine review of literature on the rare and under-researched disorder. Postpartum psychosis almost always stems from bipolar disorder but is often missed because of its rarity and lack of research on the subject, according to the review from Northwestern Medicine, Stanford University and Erasmus ...
Northwestern University - 9/9/2016


Community matters in suicide prevention, study finds: Risks arise from culture, social connectedness in town with suicide clusters
Community characteristics play an important role in perpetuating teen suicide clusters and thwarting prevention efforts, according to a new study by sociologists at the University of Chicago and University of Memphis who examined clusters in a single town. The study, published in the American Sociological Review, illustrates how the homogeneous culture and high degree of social connectedness of a community can increase suicide risk, particularly among teenagers. Such conditions ...
University of Chicago - 9/9/2016


Borderline personality disorder -- as scientific understanding increases, improved clinical management needed
Even as researchers gain new insights into the neurobiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD), there's a pressing need to improve diagnosis and management of this devastating psychiatric condition. A scientific and clinical research update on BPD is presented in the September/October special issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry, published by Wolters Kluwer.
EurekAlert - 9/8/2016


Parents' Psychiatric Issues May Adversely Affect Some Children: History of antisocial disorder, suicide attempt or marijuana abuse showed the most effect, study authors say
Some children of parents with a history of psychiatric illness may be at higher risk for attempting suicide and/or engaging in violent behavior, a new Danish study suggests. Danes born to parents who had themselves attempted suicide, or who had struggled with antisocial personality disorder or marijuana abuse, were found to face the biggest risk for attempted suicide or violence -- up to four times as high, the study contended.
HealthDay - 9/1/2016


An insecure childhood can make dealing with stress harder
Imagine two candidates at a high stakes job interview. One of them handles the pressure with ease and sails through the interview. The other candidate, however, feels very nervous and under-performs. Why do some people perform better than others under emotionally stressful conditions? The clue might lie in early childhood experiences, a recent study published in the open access online journal, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience found.
Frontiers - 8/31/2016


Connection between chronic pain, anxiety disorders found by researchers
New study results provide insight into a long-observed, but little-understood connection between chronic pain and anxiety and offer a potential target for treatment. Researchers found that increased expression of PACAP -- a peptide neurotransmitter the body releases in response to stress -- is also increased in response to neuropathic pain and contributes to these symptoms.
ScienceDaily - 8/31/2016


Bipolar adolescents continue to have elevated substance use disorder risk as young adults
A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five years later, particularly among those with persistent bipolar symptoms. The report from a team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators, published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, also finds evidence that the presence of conduct disorder, in combination with bipolar disorder, may ...
Massachusetts General Hospital - 8/30/2016


Less than a Third of Adults with Depression Receive Treatment: Among those who get treatment, less than half see a mental health specialist
New findings suggest that most Americans with depression receive no treatment, while raising the possibility that overtreatment of depression is also widespread. Less than a third of American adults who screened positive for depression received treatment for their symptoms, whereas over two-thirds of adults receiving treatment for depression did not report symptoms of depression or serious psychological distress, according to a study from Columbia University Medical Center ...
Columbia University Medical Center - 8/29/2016


How do antidepressants trigger fear and anxiety?
More than 100 million people worldwide take selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as Prozac and Zoloft, to treat depression, anxiety and related conditions, but these drugs have a common and mysterious side effect: they can worsen anxiety in the first few weeks of use, which leads many patients to stop treatment. Scientists at the University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine have mapped out a serotonin-driven anxiety circuit that may explain this side effect and ...
University of North Carolina - 8/24/2016


We are all 'wired' for addiction, says researcher
Drug addicts and non-addicts may have more in common than ever thought, according to a researcher at Texas A&M University who found that to some degree, everyone's brain is "wired" to become addicted. In "What is Abnormal About Addiction-Related Attentional Biases?" an article in press in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Psychology Professor Brian Anderson argues that normal people show many of the same biases as people who are addicted to drugs.
ScienceDaily - 8/24/2016


Unhealthy diet during pregnancy could be linked to ADHD
New research led by scientists from King's College London and the University of Bristol has found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet during pregnancy may be linked to symptoms of ADHD in children who show conduct problems early in life. Published today in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, this study is the first to indicate that epigenetic changes evident at birth may explain the link between unhealthy diet, conduct problems and ADHD.
EurekAlert - 8/18/2016


Depression Common After Time Spent in ICU: About one-third of ICU patients suffer psychologically, researchers find
One-third of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients have depression, a new review finds. Each year, more than 5 million seriously ill patients are admitted to ICUs in the United States. Rates of depression following discharge are far greater for these patients than for the general population, according to the study.
HealthDay - 8/17/2016


When you don't feel valued in a relationship, sleep suffers
We spend up to one-third of our life asleep, but not everyone sleeps well. For couples, it turns out how well you think your partner understands and cares for you is linked to how well you sleep. The results are published in Social Personality and Psychological Science. "Our findings show that individuals with responsive partners experience lower anxiety and arousal, which in turn improves their sleep quality," says lead author Dr. Emre Selçuk, a developmental and social psychologist at ...
ScienceDaily - 8/17/2016


Meds May Curb Risky Behaviors for Kids With ADHD: Study found drug abuse, STDs and injuries were lower among teens who take meds
Despite concerns that the stimulants used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might raise the risk of drug abuse, new research suggests the medications are linked with less risky behaviors in teens. The research finds that ADHD medications are "effective in reducing the probability of these events," said study co-author Anna Chorniy, a postdoctoral associate at Princeton University in New Jersey.
HealthDay - 8/17/2016


College students who misuse stimulants more likely to have ADHD, substance-use disorder
A new study by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators finds that college students who misuse stimulant drugs are more likely to have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder or substance-use disorder than are students not misusing stimulants. The report published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry also finds immediate-release stimulants are more likely to be misused than extended-release versions of the drugs.
Massachusetts General Hospital - 8/8/2016


Activating dopamine neurons could turn off binge-like eating behavior
While binge eating affects about 10 percent of adults in the United States, the neurobiological basis of the disease is unclear. Researchers at the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital found that certain neural circuits have the ability to inhibit binge-like eating behavior in mice. Their report appears in the journal Biological Psychiatry.
ScienceDaily - 8/8/2016


Got sleep? The amount you get could affect your marital mindset
A new study by two Florida State University researchers found that when husbands and wives get more sleep than on an average night, they are more satisfied with their marriages, at least the following day. The research was conducted by FSU Psychology Professor Jim McNulty and graduate student Heather Maranges. "The universality of our findings is important," Maranges said. "That is, we know all people need sleep. Regardless of the stage at which a couple is in their relationship or ...
ScienceDaily - 8/6/2016


New study links risk factors to variations in postpartum depression
A new study shows that depression following childbirth can begin at different times and follow multiple distinct trajectories, emphasizing the need for clinicians to monitor for signs of postpartum depression and be aware of risk factors that may predispose a new mother to depression. The study, ")," is published in Journal of Women's Health, a peer-reviewed publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
EurekAlert - 8/3/2016


Maintaining healthy relationships: University of Waterloo studies identify a promising way
Thinking about the future helps overcome relationship conflicts, according to a University of Waterloo study just published online in Social Psychological and Personality Science. “When romantic partners argue over things like finances, jealousy, or other interpersonal issues, they tend to employ their current feelings as fuel for a heated argument. By envisioning their relationship in the future, people can shift the focus away from their current feelings and mitigate conflicts,” ...
University of Waterloo - 7/28/2016


Are Unemployed Husbands Fueling Divorce Rates? Finding challenges common belief that women entering workforce in greater numbers was to blame
Contrary to common belief, a new U.S. study suggests that women's growing role in the workforce is not a major factor in divorce. But a husband's ability to keep a full-time job might be. The study, of over 6,300 U.S. couples, found that the odds of divorce were no different whether a wife worked full-time or not. Instead, it was husbands' full-time employment -- or lack thereof -- that made a significant difference. The findings stand in stark contrast to a popular notion -- that ...
HealthDay - 7/28/2016


Why do antidepressants take so long to work?
An episode of major depression can be crippling, impairing the ability to sleep, work, or eat. But the drugs available to treat depression can take weeks or even months to start working. Researchers have discovered one reason the drugs take so long to work, and their finding could help scientists develop faster-acting drugs in the future.
ScienceDaily - 7/28/2016


ADHD medication reduces risky behavior in children, teens
New research provides some of the first evidence that medications taken by millions of American children to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) offer long-term benefits. Based on an analysis of Medicaid claims for nearly 150,000 children diagnosed with ADHD in South Carolina between 2003 and 2013, researchers including Princeton University postdoctoral associate Anna Chorniy found treatment with ADHD medication made children less likely to ...
Princeton University - 7/27/2016


Lack of Sleep Increases a Child's Risk for Emotional Disorders Later: NIH-funded Study Reveals Long-term Emotional Effects of Poor Sleep
When asked how lack of sleep affects emotions, common responses are usually grumpy, foggy and short-tempered. While many jokes are made about how sleep deprivation turns the nicest of people into a Jekyll and Hyde, not getting enough shut-eye can lead to far more serious consequences than irritability, difficulty concentrating and impatience.
University of Houston - 7/22/2016


Behavioural Activation as effective as CBT for depression, at lower cost
A simple and inexpensive therapy is equally as effective at treating depression as the “gold standard” of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), a largescale study has concluded. Behavioural Activation (BA) is relatively simple, meaning it can be delivered by more junior staff with less training, making it a cost-effective option. It is around 20 per cent cheaper than CBT, meaning it could help ease current difficulties in accessing therapy, and could make it more realistic to deliver for a ...
University of Exeter - 7/22/2016


One-third of students report elevated psychological distress, survey shows: Screen time, social media use and problem gaming are on the rise
More than one in three -- an estimated 328,000 -- students in grades seven to 12 report moderate-to-serious psychological distress, according to new survey results in Ontario, Canada. Girls are twice as likely as boys to experience psychological distress, the study indicates.
ScienceDaily - 7/21/2016


Gay, lesbian and bisexual youth have higher rates of disordered eating behaviours: UBC study
Sexual minority boys and girls are more likely to purge or take laxatives, use diet pills, or fast to lose weight than their straight peers, and those disordered eating trends may not be improving, according to new research from the University of British Columbia. The study, which analyzed data from youth ages 12 to 18, found disparities in the rate of these behaviours between sexual minority teens and heterosexual youth. Although disordered eating behaviours appear to be declining for ...
University of British Columbia - 7/21/2016


One-third of women with ADHD have anxiety disorders, almost half have considered suicide
Women with ADHD are much more likely to have a wide range of mental and physical health problems in comparison to women without ADHD, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto. "The prevalence of mental illness among women with ADHD was disturbingly high with 46% having seriously considered suicide, 36% having generalized anxiety disorder, 31% having major depressive disorder and 39% having substance abuse problems at some point in their life," ...
EurekAlert - 7/20/2016


Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk? Chances were actually lower the earlier stimulants were started, and the longer they were taken
Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the ...
HealthDay - 7/15/2016


Study Points to Fast-Acting Drug for OCD
A single chemical receptor in the brain is responsible for a range of symptoms in mice that are reminiscent of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), according to a Duke University study that appears online in the journal Biological Psychiatry. The findings provide a new mechanistic understanding of OCD and other psychiatric disorders and suggest that they are highly amenable to treatment using a class of drugs that has already been investigated in clinical trials.
Duke University - 7/15/2016


Students' PTSD symptoms fluctuate greatly during first year of college: Most see symptoms moderate, but alcohol consumption can make improvement less likely
A new University at Buffalo study is helping researchers better understand how post-traumatic stress disorder fluctuates in students during their first year of college. The segment of the young adult population with PTSD is particularly at risk for problem drinking and other harmful behaviors that can potentially exacerbate symptoms, according to Jennifer Read, a professor in UB's Department of Psychology and corresponding author of the paper published in the journal Psychological Trauma: ...
University at Buffalo - 7/13/2016


New antidepressant target discovered: Manipulating novel target could lead to new treatments
Northwestern Medicine scientists have shown how manipulating a novel target in the brain using gene therapy could lead to new treatments for depression. The investigators showed decreasing a set of proteins called HCN channels reduced depression-like behavior in mice. If replicated in humans, the findings could inform fresh therapies for millions of patients who do not respond to existing treatments for depression. "Drugs currently available for treating depression help most patients, but ...
EurekAlert - 7/12/2016



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