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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Parental anxiety/depression linked to pre-schoolers' fussy eating
Parental anxiety and/or depression during pregnancy and before their child starts school is linked to a heightened risk of that child becoming a 'fussy' eater, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. The associations were evident for mums at both time periods, but just during the pre-school period for dads, the findings indicate.
EurekAlert - 2/22/2016


Young people with mental problems should receive help in their own environment
Young people with mental problems – especially those with psychotic-like symptoms – should receive help as early as possible and in their own environment. This was the conclusion of a joint study of the University of Helsinki, the Helsinki University Hospital Department of Psychiatry and the National Institute for Health and Welfare.
University of Helsinki - 2/18/2016


Smokers with depression try to quit more often but find it harder
People diagnosed with depression are about twice as likely to smoke as the general population. A survey of 6811 participants from Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the USA, published today in the scientific journal Addiction, found that although depressed smokers tried to quit smoking more often than other smokers, they were more likely to return to smoking within a month. This tendency seemed to be stronger for women than men.
ScienceDaily - 2/18/2016


Virtual reality therapy could help people with depression
An immersive virtual reality therapy could help people with depression to be less critical and more compassionate towards themselves, reducing depressive symptoms, finds a new study from UCL and ICREA-University of Barcelona. The therapy, previously tested by healthy volunteers, was used by 15 depression patients aged 23-61. Nine reported reduced depressive symptoms a month after the therapy, of whom four experienced a clinically significant drop in depression severity.
University College London - 2/15/2016


Vulnerability to depression linked to noradrenaline
The team of Bruno Giros, a researcher at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and professor of psychiatry at McGill University, reports the first-ever connection between noradrenergic neurons and vulnerability to depression. Published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, this breakthrough paves the way for new depression treatments that target the adrenergic system. Stressful life events--job loss, accident, death of a loved one--can trigger major depression in one person, but ...
EurekAlert - 2/15/2016


Study Ties Parents' Criticism to Persistent ADHD in Kids: If harsh comments focus on the child, rather than the behaviors, symptoms may linger, researcher says
Constant criticism from parents reduces the likelihood that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) will have fewer symptoms by the time they reach their teens, a new study suggests. In many cases, ADHD symptoms decrease as children get older. But this doesn't occur in all cases. And the new study findings suggest that parental criticism may be a factor.
HealthDay - 2/12/2016


Mommy and me: Study shows how affectionate mothering can combat the effects of maternal depression
Certain parenting strategies can combat the negative impacts of maternal depression on an infant, suggests the first study of its kind. The work sought to investigate how a depressed mother's neuroendocrine response to stress can program the infant's hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, a set of signals and relationships between the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland and the adrenals. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is responsible for creating cortisol, a hormone released in ...
ScienceDaily - 2/11/2016


Exercise and Meditation – Together – Help Beat Depression, Rutgers Study Finds
Meditation and aerobic exercise done together helps reduce depression, according to a new Rutgers study. The study, published in Translational Psychiatry this month, found that the mind and body combination – done twice a week for only two months – reduced the symptoms for a group of students by 40 percent. “We are excited by the findings because we saw such a meaningful improvement in both clinically depressed and non-depressed students,” says Brandon Alderman, lead author of ...
Rutgers University - 2/10/2016


Poor REM Sleep May Be Linked to Higher Risk for Anxiety, Depression: Preliminary study suggests that emotional stress builds when this phase is disturbed, creating a 'vicious cycle'
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is the phase when dreams are made, and a lack of good REM sleep has long been associated with chronic insomnia. But new research is building on that association, suggesting that the bad and "restless" REM sleep experienced by insomnia patients may, in turn, undermine their ability to overcome emotional distress, raising their risk for chronic depression or anxiety.
HealthDay - 2/8/2016


Study Links Concussion to Higher Risk of Later Suicide: But while researchers found an association, they didn't prove cause-and-effect
Average people who suffer a concussion may be three times more likely to commit suicide years after their brain injury, a new Canadian study suggests. Further, the long-term risk of suicide appears to increase even more if the head injury occurs during a weekend, researchers found. Based on these results, loved ones and physicians should keep a close eye on anyone who's had a concussion, even if the head injury happened years ago, said senior author Dr. Donald Redelmeier, senior ...
HealthDay - 2/8/2016


Super bowl won’t make you feel super, even if your team wins
With last year's Super Bowl drawing in over 114 million viewers, you'd assume that much of the audience tuned in not just for the commercials, but for the enjoyment of the game. You'd be wrong, say communication researchers Drew Margolin, and Wang Liao, who have created a unique way to watch the emotional dynamics of the game in real-time during this year's Super Bowl.
ScienceDaily - 2/5/2016


Do More 'Selfies' Mean More Relationship Woes? Survey of Instagram users suggests sharing these photos online may make romantic partners jealous
Posting too many "selfies" on social media might lead to serious problems with your romantic partner, according to a new study. Researchers conducted an online survey of 420 users of the social media site Instagram. The users were aged 18 to 62. The investigators found that those who believed they were good-looking were more likely to post selfies, which are photographic self-portraits. But the more selfies someone posted, the more likely the behavior was tied to jealousy and arguments in ...
HealthDay - 2/5/2016


Targeting the Mind/Body Connection in Stress
Our ability to cope with stress depends on how efficiently our body and mind regulate their response to it. Poor recovery from extremely stressful encounters can trigger post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, or even chronic somatic dysfunction (such as pain and fatigue) in some people. Insight into the multi-level sequence of events — from cellular changes to brain function, emotional responses, and observed behavior — will help medical professionals make more informed ...
American Friends of Tel Aviv University - 2/4/2016


ADHD Tied to Obesity Risk for Girls, Study Contends: Impulsiveness, eating disorders may help explain possible link, researcher says
Girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have their share of challenges. And new research suggests a tendency toward obesity may be one of them. In a 1,000-person study, Mayo Clinic researchers found that girls with ADHD may be twice as likely to be obese in childhood or early adulthood as girls without the disorder. This association was not linked to treatment with stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, the researchers said.
HealthDay - 2/4/2016


Antidepressants double the risk of aggression and suicide in children
Children and adolescents have a doubled risk of aggression and suicide when taking one of the five most commonly prescribed antidepressants, according to findings of a study published in The BMJ today. However, the true risk for all associated serious harms--such as deaths, aggression, akathisia and suicidal thoughts and attempts--remains unknown for children, adolescents and adults, say experts.
BMJ - 1/28/2016


Victimized adolescents more at risk of thinking about suicide or attempting suicide at 15
A new study reports that adolescents chronically victimized during at least two school years, are about five times more at risk of thinking about suicide and six times more at risk of attempting suicide at 15 years compared to those who were never victimized. Peer victimization includes actions such as being called names, spreading rumours, excluding someone from a group on purpose, attacking someone physically or cyberbullying.
ScienceDaily - 1/28/2016


Neuroticism predicts anxiety, depression disorders: Study suggests a single intervention to reduce risk for both disorders
A new Northwestern University and UCLA study has found for the first time that young people who are high on the personality trait of neuroticism are highly likely to develop both anxiety and depression disorders. "Neuroticism was an especially strong predictor of the particularly pernicious state of developing both anxiety and depressive disorders," said Richard Zinbarg, lead author of the study and professor of psychology in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern.
Northwestern University - 1/27/2016


No Evidence of Seasonal Differences in Depressive Symptoms
A large-scale survey of U.S. adults provides no evidence that levels of depressive symptoms vary from season to season, according to new research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings are inconsistent with the notion of seasonal depression as a commonly occurring disorder. “In conversations with colleagues, the belief in the association of seasonal changes with depression is more-or-less taken as ...
Association for Psychological Science - 1/20/2016


Close to 40 percent of formerly suicidal Canadians subsequently achieve complete mental health
Close to 40% (38%) of formerly suicidal Canadians have reached a state of complete mental health, not only being free of symptoms of mental illness, suicidal thoughts or substance abuse in the preceding year, but also reporting almost daily happiness or life satisfaction, and social and psychological wellbeing according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto. The study will appear online this month in the journal Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
University of Toronto - 1/20/2016


Social anxiety is highly heritable but is affected by environment
Genes play a crucial role over time although environmental factors matter most in the short term, according to a major study into social anxiety and avoidant personality disorders from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. “The results show a surprisingly high heritability of the long-term risk of developing social anxiety,” says Fartein Ask Torvik, a researcher in the Department of Genetics, Environment and Mental Health at the institute.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health - 1/20/2016


Poverty linked to childhood depression, changes in brain connectivity
Many negative consequences are linked to growing up poor, and researchers at Washington University St. Louis have identified one more: altered brain connectivity. Analyzing brain scans of 105 children ages 7 to 12, the researchers found that key structures in the brain are connected differently in poor children than in kids raised in more affluent settings. In particular, the brain’s hippocampus — a structure key to learning, memory and regulation of stress — and the amygdala — which is ...
Washington University School of Medicine - 1/15/2016


Is suicide a tragic variant of an evolutionarily adaptive set of behaviors?
What do snapping shrimp, naked mole rats, ants, honeybees, and humans all have in common? They all share a similar colony-like organizational system that biologists have termed eusociality. Eusocial species have been remarkably successful in both surviving and thriving through the use of colony-level cooperation. One cooperative behavior used by all eusocial species is the self-sacrifice of individuals to defend the colony. For example, a eusocial bee may sting a predator to ...
EurekAlert - 1/14/2016


Couples' quality of life linked even when one partner dies
When one spouse passes away, his or her characteristics continue to be linked with the surviving spouse's well-being, according to new research. The findings also indicate that this link between the deceased spouse and surviving spouse is as strong as that between partners who are both living.
ScienceDaily - 1/13/2016


Researchers' advice to save the relationships of parents of small children
According to Statistics Sweden, 30 percent of all parents of young children in Sweden separate. Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have mapped the most important factors behind the separations and divorces - and offer five tips that can save the relationship.
University of Gothenburg - 1/12/2016


Transcendental Meditation May Help Relieve PTSD: Military personnel who practiced the technique had reduced need for meds, study says
Transcendental meditation may help ease post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in some soldiers and seems to reduce their need for medication, a new study finds. "Regular practice of transcendental meditation provides a habit of calming down and healing the brain," study lead author Vernon Barnes, a physiologist at the Georgia Prevention Institute at the Medical College of Georgia, said in a college news release.
HealthDay - 1/12/2016


Inflammation markers could guide depression treatments: Inflammation connected to elevated glutamate in brain
Psychiatrists investigating depression have been energized in recent years by reports of rapid, successful treatment with drugs that interfere with the brain chemical glutamate, such as the anesthetic ketamine. New research from Emory University School of Medicine is providing hints as to which forms of depression may respond best to drugs that target glutamate.
EurekAlert - 1/12/2016


People who experience rage attacks have smaller 'emotional brains' -- Reports new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Neuroimaging studies suggest that frontolimbic regions of the brain, structures that regulate emotions, play an important role in the biology of aggressive behavior. A new article published in the inaugural issue of the journal Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging reports that individuals with intermittent explosive disorder (IED) have significantly lower gray matter volume in these frontolimbic brain structures. In other words, these people have smaller "emotional ...
Elsevier - 1/12/2016


When video games become an addiction
Can video games be addictive? One U.S. expert has no doubts. Douglas Gentile, a psychologist at Iowa State University, has been studying the subject for decades. "The first study I began in 1999, to basically try to show video game addiction isn't a real thing, and it turns out I was wrong!" he told CNN. According to his research, roughly 8.5% percent of children who play video games in the United States are addicted. He found similar numbers across the world.
CNN - 1/6/2016


Can Early Menopause Trigger Depression Later in Life? Research suggests longer estrogen exposure might have protective effect
Premature menopause may increase a woman's later risk of depression, a new review suggests. If further studies confirm the findings, doctors might try to identify women most likely to need psychiatric or hormonal treatment after their periods end, the researchers said. For the study, published online Jan. 6 in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, researchers analyzed the results of 14 studies that included nearly 68,000 older women.
HealthDay - 1/6/2016


Study finds no increased risk of autism, ADHD with prenatal antidepressant exposure
An analysis of medical records data from three Massachusetts health care systems finds no evidence that prenatal exposure to antidepressants increases the risk for autism and related disorders or for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In their report being published online in Translational Psychiatry, the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)-based research team finds evidence that any increased incidence of autism or ADHD found in previous studies was probably associated with ...
EurekAlert - 1/5/2016


Antidepressant drug linked with increased risk of birth defects when taken in early pregnancy
Using paroxetine--a medication prescribed to treat conditions including depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder--during the first trimester of pregnancy may increase newborns' risk of congenital malformations and cardiac malformations. That's the conclusion of a recent analysis published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.
EurekAlert - 1/5/2016


Being anxious could be good for you in a crisis: Brain prioritises threats, especially in anxious people
New findings could help explain the apparent 'sixth sense' we have for danger in social situations, with the direction of a person's gaze being a crucial cue. People with non-clinical anxiety are particularly well poised for action.
ScienceDaily - 12/29/2015


Are you Facebook dependent? New study findings reveal user trends
What can create a dependency on Facebook? In a new study, researchers learned the more a person uses Facebook to fulfill goals, the more dependent on the social media platform they may become. A Facebook dependency is not equivalent to an addiction. Rather, the reasons why people use Facebook determine the level of dependency they have on the social network. 301 Facebook users between the ages of 18 and 68 who post on the site at least once per month were studied.
ScienceDaily - 12/22/2015


Overeating and depressed? There's a connection, and maybe a solution
Chronic overeating and stress are tied to an increased risk of depression and anxiety, and in a new study, researchers explain why that happens and suggest a possible solution. The researchers report that the anesthetic ketamine reverses depression-like symptoms in rats fed a high-fat diet in a similar way it combats depression and synaptic damage of chronic stress in people.
ScienceDaily - 12/21/2015


Long-term effectiveness of family-level intervention for U.S.military children, families affected by wartime deployments
Family-level preventive intervention can lead to improved behavioral health outcomes for military families affected by wartime deployment, a new study reports. Results highlight significant reductions in anxiety and depression symptoms among deployed parent, home-based parent and their children after intervention.
ScienceDaily - 12/21/2015


Why do chronically lonely teens stay lonely? Even the rare invitation to a social event is likely to be met with suspicion, study finds
For chronically lonely adolescents, even the rare invitation to a social event is likely to be met with suspicion: 'It's not that I'm worthy, I just got lucky,' they'll tell themselves. And when not included in a gathering of peers, the chronically lonely teen will attribute it to some personal flaw. Chronically lonely individuals may respond to social situations in ways that perpetuate rather than reduce their loneliness, the researchers said.
ScienceDaily - 12/16/2015


ADHD May Hamper Social Relationships Early in Life: Study finds cycle of rejection by peers, worsening symptoms that may heighten difficulties
Young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may experience more problems socializing with their peers, which can then contribute to worsening symptoms, a new study from Norway suggests. But the cycle between symptoms and social problems seems to diminish as children grow older, the study authors said.
HealthDay - 12/16/2015


Helping children at high risk for aggressive behavior found to have long-term benefits
A new longitudinal study that examined an intervention for children at high risk of developing behavior problems has found that teaching so-called soft skills was key to preventing criminal and delinquent problems later in life. Soft skills, such as self-control and social skills, are personality traits, attitudes, and motivations not included in traditional measures of intelligence.
ScienceDaily - 12/16/2015


Researchers investigate mental health of teens after dad leaves
Family breakdown and the insecure financial situation that often results can heighten worry and depressive symptoms in adolescents who are separated from their father, says Professor Jennifer O'Loughlin of the University of Montreal. However, these symptoms can disappear in the nine-month period following the separation. O'Loughlin came to these conclusions after conducting a study that was recently published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.
University of Montreal - 12/15/2015


Certain antidepressants linked to heightened risk of mania and bipolar disorder
Taking certain antidepressants for depression is linked to a heightened risk of subsequent mania and bipolar disorder, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open. The strongest association seemed to be for serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs for short, and the dual action antidepressant venlafaxine, the analysis indicated.
EurekAlert - 12/15/2015



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