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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Why some antidepressants may initially worsen symptoms
New research helps explain a paradoxical effect of certain antidepressants--that they may actually worsen symptoms before helping patients feel better. The findings, highlighted in a paper publishing online December 17 in the Cell Press journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences, may help investigators fix the problem as well as create new classes of drugs to treat depression.
EurekAlert - 12/17/2014

Season's eatings
Some women become preoccupied with their body weight and shape after changes in hormones drive increases in emotional eating, or the tendency to over consume food in response to negative emotions. The recurring nature of monthly increases in weight concerns in menstruating women may increase the risk of developing an eating disorder.
Michigan State University - 12/16/2014

3 ways to emotionally survive visits with family during holidays
"It always ends horribly," my client tells me as she recalls previous family holidays. "Twenty-plus years of therapy and self-improvement up in smoke in less than 20 minutes. Every year I promise myself that next year I won't go, but I always let myself get guilted into it again." Many of us dread the holidays for similar reasons. At my wellness center, clients will often book double the sessions of body work, acupuncture, coaching and hypnotherapy around the holidays ...
CNN - 12/16/2014

Domestic abuse may affect children in womb
Domestic violence can affect children even before they’re born, indicates new research by Michigan State University scientists. The study is the first to link abuse of pregnant women with emotional and behavioral trauma symptoms in their children within the first year of life. Symptoms include nightmares, startling easily, being bothered by loud noises and bright lights, avoiding physical contact and having trouble experiencing enjoyment.
Michigan State University - 12/16/2014

The ups and downs of support from friends when teens experience peer victimization: New study looks at depressive symptoms and delinquency among harassed youth
There are pros and cons to the support that victimized teenagers get from their friends. Depending on the type of aggression they are exposed to, such support may reduce youth’s risk for depressive symptoms. On the other hand, it may make some young people follow the delinquent example of their friends, says a team of researchers from the University of Kansas in the US, led by John Cooley. Their findings are published in Springer’s Journal of ...
Springer - 12/10/2014

Laughing gas studied as depression treatment
Nitrous oxide, or laughing gas, has shown early promise as a potential treatment for severe depression in patients whose symptoms don’t respond to standard therapies. The pilot study, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, is believed to be the first research in which patients with depression were given laughing gas.
Washington University School of Medicine - 12/9/2014

Study links ADHD, conduct disorder with alcohol and tobacco use in young teens
A new study links ADHD and conduct disorder in young adolescents with increased alcohol and tobacco use. The Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study is among the first to assess such an association in this age group.
EurekAlert - 12/9/2014

Wealth, power or lack thereof at heart of many mental disorders: UC Berkeley study finds self-worth key to diagnoses of psychopathologies
Donald Trump's ego may be the size of his financial empire, but that doesn't mean he's the picture of mental health. The same can be said about the self-esteem of people who are living from paycheck to paycheck, or unemployed. New research from the University of California, Berkeley, underscores this mind-wallet connection. UC Berkeley researchers have linked inflated or deflated feelings of self-worth to such afflictions as bipolar disorder, narcissistic personality ...
EurekAlert - 12/8/2014

Don't worry, be happy; just go to bed earlier: Binghamton researchers link late evenings to repetitive negative thoughts
When you go to bed and how long you sleep at a time might actually make it difficult for you to stop worrying, according to researchers at Binghamton University. The study, led by Binghamton Anxiety Clinic Director Meredith Coles and graduate student Jacob Nota, found that people who sleep for shorter periods of time and go to bed very late at night are often overwhelmed with more negative thoughts than those who keep more regular sleeping hours.
EurekAlert - 12/5/2014

Over 230,000 Ontario adults seriously considered suicide in 2013, CAMH survey shows
Results from an ongoing survey conducted by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) show that 2.2 per cent -- over 230,000 Ontario adults -- seriously contemplated suicide in the last year. The 2013 edition of the CAMH Monitor, released today, included questions about suicidal ideation for the first time in the survey’s history.
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health - 12/4/2014

Check less to reduce email stress: Checking your email less can help reduce stress, says a UBC study
Is your inbox burning you out? Then take heart – research from the University of British Columbia suggests that easing up on email checking can help reduce psychological stress. Some of the study’s 124 adults — including students, financial analysts medical professionals and others — were instructed to limit checking email to three times daily for a week. Others were told to check email as often as they could (which turned out to be about the same number of times that they ...
University of British Columbia - 12/3/2014

People in unhappy places are depressed more than a week a month
People in the country's unhappiest communities spend about a quarter of the month so far down in the dumps that it can harm their productivity, according to economists. "This is a real concern not just in the United States, but across the world," said Stephan Goetz, professor of agricultural economics and regional economics, Penn State, and director of the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development. "Poor mental health can result in considerable economic costs ...
ScienceDaily - 12/3/2014

How early trauma influences behavior
Traumatic and stressful events during childhood increase the risk to develop psychiatric disorders, but to a certain extent, they can also help better deal with difficult situations later in life. Researchers have studied this phenomenon in mice to learn how these effects could be transmitted to the next generation.
ScienceDaily - 12/1/2014

How to Help Someone Grieving in the Holiday Season: 'Let them know you care,' says expert
Holiday joy can be lost on someone grieving the death of a loved one. But supportive family and friends can help the bereaved cope with this difficult period, experts say. "One of the best ways to help those who are grieving during the holidays is to let them know you care and that their loved one is not forgotten," J. Donald Schumacher, president and CEO of National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, said in a news release from the group.
HealthDay - 11/28/2014

Mindfulness treatment as effective as CBT for depression, anxiety
Group mindfulness treatment is as effective as individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in patients with depression and anxiety, according to a new study. This is the first randomized study to compare group mindfulness treatment and individual cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with depression and anxiety in primary health care.
ScienceDaily - 11/27/2014

'Trigger' for stress processes discovered in brain
An important factor for stress has been identified by scientists. This is the protein secretagogin that plays an important role in the release of the stress hormone CRH and which only then enables stress processes in the brain to be transmitted to the pituitary gland and then onwards to the organs.
ScienceDaily - 11/27/2014

Experience with family verbal conflict as a child can help in stressful situations as an adult
Individuals who were exposed to intense verbal aggression as children are able to handle intense conflict later in life, new research suggests. "Conflict experiences can be beneficial, by alleviating tension and avoiding conflict escalation, reducing communication apprehension, and contributing to closeness within the relationship," said an author of the study. "Given the diversity of outcomes associated with interpersonal conflict, efforts to understand variation ...
ScienceDaily - 11/24/2014

Talk Therapy Linked To Lower Suicide Risk: Danish study finds multiple sessions help prevent repeat attempts at ending life
Talk therapy significantly reduces suicide attempts and deaths among people who have previously attempted suicide, a new study finds. The new research included more than 5,600 people in Denmark who underwent six to 10 talk therapy sessions after they attempted suicide. The study also included more than 17,000 people who attempted suicide but received no treatment afterward.
HealthDay - 11/24/2014

1 in 5 U.S. Adults Dealt With a Mental Illness in 2013: Federal official urges people to seek treatment to 'restore their well-being'
Nearly one in five American adults -- 43.8 million people -- had a diagnosable mental illness in 2013, federal officials reported Thursday. The report also found that 10 million adults had a serious mental illness, 15.7 million had major depressive episodes, 9.3 million had serious thoughts of suicide, 2.7 million made suicide plans and 1.3 million attempted suicide.
HealthDay - 11/20/2014

A Bad Marriage Burdens an Aging Heart: Older women in unhappy relationships seem especially vulnerable, researchers say
A bad marriage increases an older adult's risk of heart trouble, and that's particularly true for women, a new study contends. Researchers examined five years of data from 1,200 married American men and women, aged 57 to 85. People with spouses who were overly critical or demanding were more likely to develop heart disease than those with supportive mates, the researchers from Michigan State University said. They also found that a bad marriage's harmful impact ...
HealthDay - 11/20/2014

Job authority increases depression symptoms in women, decreases them in men
A new study finds that having job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men. "Women with job authority -- the ability to hire, fire, and influence pay -- have significantly more symptoms of depression than women without this power," said Tetyana Pudrovska, an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Texas at Austin and the lead author of the study. "In contrast, men with job authority ...
ScienceDaily - 11/20/2014

Teens who mature early at greater risk of depression, study says
Youth who enter puberty ahead of their peers are at heightened risk of depression, although the disease develops differently in girls than in boys, a new study suggests. Early maturation triggers an array of psychological, social-behavioral and interpersonal difficulties that predict elevated levels of depression in boys and girls several years later, according to research by led by psychology professor Karen D. Rudolph at the University of Illinois.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - 11/19/2014

Mindfulness techniques can help protect pregnant women against depression
Pregnant women with histories of major depression are at high risk of becoming depressed again in the months before and after their babies are born. A new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder found that practicing mindfulness techniques--such as meditation, breathing exercises and yoga--could help protect these women against a recurrence.
EurekAlert - 11/19/2014

Research shows why antidepressant may be effective in postpartum depression
An antidepressant commonly prescribed for women with postpartum depression may restore connections between cells in brain regions that are negatively affected by chronic stress during pregnancy, new research suggests.
EurekAlert - 11/19/2014

Global surge in ADHD diagnosis has more to do with marketing than medicine, expert suggests
A new article attributes ADHD's global growth to five trends: expanded, overseas lobbying efforts by drug companies; the growth of biological psychiatry; the adaptation of the American-based Diagnostic and Statistical Manual standards, which are broader and have a lower threshold for diagnosing ADHD; promotion of pharmaceutical treatments by ADHD advocacy groups that work closely with drug companies; and the easy availability of ADHD information and ...
ScienceDaily - 11/18/2014

High-fructose diet in adolescence may exacerbate depressive-like behavior: Animal study shows that diet alters important pathways associated with brain's response to stress
The consumption of a diet high in fructose throughout adolescence can worsen depressive- and anxiety-like behavior and alter how the brain responds to stress, according to new animal research scheduled for presentation at Neuroscience 2014, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.
EurekAlert - 11/18/2014

Many Teens Suffer 'Cyber' Dating Abuse, Study Suggests: Researcher said the participants were part of 'high-risk' population
Many teens are abused online by the people they're dating, a new study suggests. This abuse can include being monitored, stalked, threatened and harassed through hurtful comments, the researchers said. The findings were based on surveys of teens who visited northern California school health clinics, and don't hint at how common this kind of abuse among teens is overall.
HealthDay - 11/17/2014

Could Depression Actually Be a Form of Infectious Disease?
Major depressive disorder (MDD) should be re-conceptualized as an infectious disease, according to a professor. A new article suggests that major depression may result from parasitic, bacterial, or viral infection. The article presents examples that illustrate possible pathways by which these microorganisms could contribute to the etiology of MDD.
ScienceDaily - 11/14/2014

Depression, overwhelming guilt in preschool years linked to brain changes
In school-age children previously diagnosed with depression as preschoolers, a key brain region involved in emotion is smaller than in their peers who were not depressed, scientists have shown. The research, by a team at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, also suggests that the size of the brain’s right anterior insula may predict the risk of future bouts of depression, potentially giving researchers an anatomical marker to identify those at ...
Washington University School of Medicine - 11/12/2014

Hope for those with social anxiety disorder: You may already be someone’s best friend: People with social anxiety come across better than they might think, study finds
Making friends is often extremely difficult for people with social anxiety disorder and to make matters worse, people with this disorder tend to assume that the friendships they do have are not of the highest quality. The problem with this perception, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis, is that it’s not necessarily true from the point of view of their friends.
Washington University in St. Louis - 11/11/2014

Cognitive therapy, mindfulness may help with menopausal depression
Psychotherapy and mindfulness techniques could help many women who experience depression during menopause, according to a review of existing research. Too few studies have looked at whether cognitive therapies are good alternatives for women who can’t or don’t want to use pharmaceutical treatments, the authors conclude, but the handful that did mostly showed positive results.
Reuters - 11/7/2014

PTSD in Women Linked to Premature Birth: Women with the condition were about one-third more likely to deliver early, study found
Having post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) significantly increases a pregnant woman's risk of premature birth, according to a new study. Researchers examined more than 16,000 births involving female U.S. military veterans between 2000 and 2012, and found that having PTSD in the year before delivery increased the risk of spontaneous premature birth by 35 percent.
HealthDay - 11/6/2014

ADHD-air pollution link: Breathing dirty air during pregnancy raises odds of childhood ADHD-related behavior problems
Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAH, a component of air pollution, raises the odds of behavior problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, at age 9, according to researchers.
ScienceDaily - 11/5/2014

Unconditional acceptance may help kids cope with setbacks
Kids who feel accepted and supported by their peers “no matter what” are less likely to have negative feelings about themselves after a setback, new research suggests. Kids in the study who spent time thinking about how they had felt accepted and valued by their peers, even when they made mistakes, were less likely to feel badly about themselves after getting poor grades three weeks later.
Reuters - 11/4/2014

Drinking and poor academics affect the future of children with behavioral disorders
Childhood behavioral conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder are linked with an increased risk of being convicted of a felony later in life, with heavy drinking and educational failure contributing to this link. The findings, which come from an analysis of 4,644 men, suggest that substance use and educational disengagement in adolescence operate as stepping stones toward adult criminality among behaviorally disordered children.
EurekAlert - 11/4/2014

Youth Pastors Feel Ill-Equipped to Help Young People Cope with Mental Health Issues, Baylor Study Finds
Many mental health disorders first surface during adolescence, and college and youth pastors are in a good position to offer help or steer youths elsewhere to find it. But many of those pastors feel ill-prepared to recognize and treat mental illness, according to a Baylor University study.
Baylor University - 11/4/2014

Typical ADHD Care Leaves Room for Improvement, Study Finds: Many pediatricians fail to follow guidelines for diagnosis, treatment
Many pediatricians provide inadequate care for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), relying too heavily on drugs and failing to thoroughly assess kids' symptoms, a new study reports. Nearly one-third of pediatricians who diagnose children with ADHD do not consult the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a necessary step in determining if the kids meet the criteria for the brain disorder, researchers found.
HealthDay - 11/3/2014

Women with bipolar disorder at 50 percent greater risk of delivering preterm babies
Women who have been previously hospitalized for bipolar disorder are nearly twice as likely to have premature babies compared to women without a history of mental illness, according to a new study by researchers at Women's College Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES).
ScienceDaily - 11/3/2014

Most mental health disorders not increasing in children and youth, according to large Canadian study: Suicidal thoughts and attempts on decline
Symptoms of mental illness in children and adolescents do not appear to be increasing, according to a large study of Canadian youth published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) "Popular media tends to perpetuate the idea that the prevalence of mental disorders is increasing," writes Dr. Ian Colman, Canada Research Chair in Mental Health Epidemiology and associate professor at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, with coauthors. "However, ...
EurekAlert - 11/3/2014

Study investigates why sadness is the longest-lasting emotion
We have all been there at some point in our lives: that emotional span of time after a difficult breakup, the death of a loved one or an injury, when it seems like climbing out of the pit of despair is an insurmountable task. But why does sadness last longer than feelings of being ashamed, surprised, irritated or bored? A new study published in the journal Motivation and Emotion examines this question.
Medical News Today - 10/31/2014

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