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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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ADHD Diagnoses Rising Among U.S. Kids, Study Finds: Girls, Hispanics fueling the increase in prevalence, but experts don't know why
A growing number of U.S. children have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) -- with girls and Hispanic children showing the biggest increases of all, a new study shows. Researchers found that in 2011, an estimated 12 percent of U.S. kids aged 5 to 17 had ever been diagnosed with ADHD. That was up 43 percent from 2003. "But what struck us the most were the increases among girls and Hispanic children," said senior researcher Sean Cleary, an associate professor of ...
HealthDay - 12/8/2015


Lack of Sleep Tampers with Your Emotions
Cranky or grumpy after a long night? Your brain's ability to regulate emotions is probably compromised by fatigue. This is bad news for 30 percent of American adults who get less than six hours of sleep per night, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A new Tel Aviv University study has identified the neurological mechanism responsible for disturbed emotion regulation and increased anxiety due to only one night's lack of sleep. The research reveals the ...
American Friends of Tel Aviv University - 12/8/2015


New Type of Antidepressant Shows Promise in Early Trial: More study is needed, but the compound may fight the condition in a different way, experts say
Millions of Americans battle depression, and many search for a medication that can help ease the condition. Now, researchers report in a small, early trial that an experimental antidepressant may be a safe and effective new option. "We need more treatments for depression," said Dr. Jeffrey Borenstein, president of the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation in New York City. "Current treatments for depression are effective for many people, but they don't work for everyone."
HealthDay - 12/8/2015


More Than a Quarter of New Doctors May Be Depressed: Grueling medical training may help explain finding, study says
More than one in four doctors-in-training may be depressed, which could put their patients at risk, a new study suggests. Researchers reviewed 54 studies involving 17,500 medical residents conducted worldwide over 50 years. They found that nearly 29 percent of the residents showed signs of depression, and that the rate of depression among medical residents is on the rise. The grind of medical training may help explain the finding, the researchers said.
HealthDay - 12/8/2015


Can your childhood pet make you depressed?
Having a pet offers companionship, comfort and emotional security to millions; many love and cherish them like family members. This can in turn have positive effects on mental health. However, what happens if young pet owners witness neglect, cruelty or death? Close bonding is a clear positive for a family unit with a well-cared for pet. But many pets suffer terrible abuse in the presence of children. New research from Girardi & Pozzulo's in Anthrozoös give a thought provoking new ...
ScienceDaily - 12/7/2015


Study 'opens gate' to understanding depression
A new scientific model that incorporates the myriad drivers of depression could lead to more precise treatment for an illness that affects 350 million worldwide. Developed by scientists at Michigan State University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the model provides a better understanding of depression and the foundation for creating a pioneering tool to attack the complex disorder.
Michigan State University - 12/1/2015


How anxiety can kill your social status
Neuroscientists at EPFL identify a brain region that links anxious temperament to low social status. The researchers were able to tweak social hierarchy in animals using a regular vitamin. There are important differences in how individuals approach life. While some people are relaxed and calm, others often see situations as threatening, making them worried and tense. This kind of 'trait' anxiety has significant consequences on a person's social life, ...
EurekAlert - 11/30/2015


Cognitive behavior therapy can help overcome fear of the dentist
Cognitive behavioral therapy could help many people with a dental phobia overcome their fear of visiting the dentist and enable them to receive dental treatment without the need to be sedated, according to a new study by King's College London.
ScienceDaily - 11/27/2015


Research raises questions over ADHD drug effects
Researchers voiced concern on Wednesday about poor quality studies on the popular ADHD treatment Ritalin, saying evidence of some benefits, but also of sleep problems and appetite loss, suggests the drug should be prescribed with caution. Ritalin is sold by Swiss pharmaceutical firm Novartis NOVN.VX, known generically as methylphenidate and also sold under the brand names Concerta, Medikinet and Equasym. It has been used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity ...
Reuters - 11/24/2015


Inflammation linked to weakened reward circuits in depression
About one third of people with depression have high levels of inflammation markers in their blood. New research indicates that persistent inflammation affects the brain in ways that are connected with stubborn symptoms of depression, such as anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure. The results were published online on Nov. 10 in Molecular Psychiatry.
Emory University - 11/20/2015


Study finds surprising links between bullying and eating disorders
Being bullied in childhood has been associated with increased risk for anxiety, depression and even eating disorders. But according to new research, it's not only the victims who could be at risk psychologically, but also the bullies themselves. Researchers at Duke Medicine and the University of North Carolina School of Medicine were surprised to find that in a study of 1,420 children, those who bullied others were twice as likely to display symptoms of bulimia, such as ...
EurekAlert - 11/16/2015


Not so happy old age? Depressive symptoms increase with age
The notion that older people are happier than younger people is being challenged following a recent study led by a University of Bradford lecturer. In fact it suggests that people get more depressed from age 65 onwards. The study, led by psychology lecturer Dr Helena Chui and recently published in the international journal Psychology and Aging, builds on a 15-year project observing over 2,000 older Australians living in the Adelaide area.
ScienceDaily - 11/13/2015


Have an apple-shaped body? You may be more susceptible to binge eating
Women with apple-shaped bodies -- those who store more of their fat in their trunk and abdominal regions -- may be at particular risk for the development of eating episodes during which they experience a sense of 'loss of control,' according to a new study.
ScienceDaily - 11/13/2015


Adults with OCD Can Benefit from Exposure Therapy When Common Drug Treatment Options Fail, Penn Study Finds
Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) can improve their symptoms significantly by adding exposure and response prevention therapy to their treatment regimen when common drug treatment options have failed, according to new research from psychiatrists at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Exposure and response prevention therapy is a type of cognitive behavior therapy in which the patient is asked to confront ...
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - 11/11/2015


Computer assisted CBT provides little or no benefits for depression
Researchers at the University of York have revealed computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) is likely to be ineffective in the treatment of depression. Published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), Professor Simon Gilbody from York's Department of Health Sciences and the Hull York Medical School led the REEACT trial. The study was funded by the National Institute of Health Research Health Technology Programme.
EurekAlert - 11/11/2015


Talk Therapy May Beat Light Treatment for SAD: Seasonal affective disorder is form of depression tied to winter's shorter days
As winter's short days approach, more people will suffer from the depression of seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Now, new research suggests that talk therapy is better than light-box therapy in preventing relapses of the ailment. "SAD is a type of depression that follows a seasonal pattern based on the duration of sunlight present during the day," explained one expert not connected to the study, Dr. Matthew Lorber.
HealthDay - 11/6/2015


Omega 3 Supplements Don't Help With Depression: U.K. scientists find little evidence they ease symptoms
There's little evidence that taking omega-3 fatty acid supplements helps treat depression, researchers report. Some studies have suggested that these fish oil supplements may benefit people with major depression. But in a review published Nov. 5 in the Cochrane Library, researchers disagreed after analyzing 26 studies that included more than 1,400 people with depression.
HealthDay - 11/6/2015


Can parents' stress impact the health of future generations?
A new review published in Biology Letters of The Royal Society examines the long-term impacts of exposure to stressors during development. The review by Dr. Britt Heidinger, North Dakota State University, Fargo, and Dr. Mark Haussmann, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, looks at whether the effect of stressors on parents lingers to impact the health of their offspring.
ScienceDaily - 11/4/2015


Study: How depressive thoughts persevere, interfere with memory in people with depression
Intrusive, enduring, depressive thoughts are an ever-present part of daily life for people with depression. A first of its kind study from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published earlier this year in the Journal of Affective Disorders shows that depressive thoughts are maintained for longer periods of time for people with depressed mood, and this extended duration may reduce the amount of information that these individuals can hold in their memory.
Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas - 11/3/2015


New study suggests fair division of chores leads to better sex life
Looking for more and better sex? If you're a man, you might consider doing the dishes once in a while. A new study out of the University of Alberta reveals that couples enjoyed more frequent and satisfying sex for both partners when men made a fair contribution to housework. The same study also found there's no relationship between the amount of housework male partners completed and the sexual functioning of a couple.
EurekAlert - 11/2/2015


Interrupted Sleep Not Good for Your Mood, Study Suggests: Those who slept fewer hours, but without disruptions, felt more positive the next day
Waking up several times a night is more likely to put you in a bad mood than a shorter amount of sleep without interruption, a new study finds. "When your sleep is disrupted throughout the night, you don't have the opportunity to progress through the sleep stages to get the amount of slow-wave sleep that is key to the feeling of restoration," said lead author Patrick Finan, assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University ...
HealthDay - 10/30/2015


Forget counting sheep -- Therapy could help chronic pain sufferers get a good night's sleep
Research conducted at the University of Warwick indicates that chronic pain sufferers could benefit from therapy to help them sleep better. The University of Warwick academics found that cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT) were either moderately or strongly effective in tackling insomnia in patients with long-term pain. They also discovered that chronic pain sufferers didn't just benefit from improved sleep but also experienced a wider positive impact on ...
EurekAlert - 10/30/2015


Self-injury: Raising the profile of a dangerous behavior
Nonsuicidal self-injury is not officially recognized by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) as a mental disorder, which means insurance may not cover treatment - despite estimates that anywhere from 10 to 40 percent of adolescents suffer from it. New research lays out a case for recognizing the condition, as profiled in a new report.
ScienceDaily - 10/30/2015


Study finds complete symptom resolution reduces risk of depression recurrence
People who have had an episode of major depression are at high risk for having another episode. Now, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have found that the risk of recurrence is significantly lower for people with complete, rather than partial depressive symptom resolution. The findings, published online October 27 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, point to the need to redefine clinically what constitutes the end of a major depressive ...
EurekAlert - 10/27/2015


Wives take problems to heart, husbands get frustrated: Study finds women want support; men not so much
The sociologist who found that 'A Happy Wife, Means a Happy Life' looked at sadness, worry and frustration -- among the most common negative emotions reported by older adults -- and discovered that men and women in long-term marriages deal with marriage difficulties differently.
ScienceDaily - 10/26/2015


Depression too often reduced to a checklist of symptoms
How can you tell if someone is depressed? The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – the ‘bible’ of psychiatry – diagnoses depression when patients tick off a certain number of symptoms on the DSM checklist. A large-scale quantitative study coordinated at KU Leuven, Belgium, now shows that some symptoms play a much bigger role than others in driving depression, and that the symptoms listed in DSM may not be the most useful ones.
KU Leuven - 10/23/2015


Children in foster care three times more likely to have ADHD diagnosis
Researchers already knew that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was the most common behavioral health diagnosis among children enrolled in Medicaid. A new study to be presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2015 National Conference & Exhibition in Washington, DC, found that children in foster care were three times more likely than others to have an ADHD diagnosis.
ScienceDaily - 10/23/2015


Brain changes may underlie anorexia food choices
Differences in brain activity may underlie some of the unhealthy eating patterns in people with anorexia nervosa, a study suggests. People hospitalized for anorexia nervosa activate unique areas of their brains while making decisions between various foods, researchers found. “This study is exciting because it is the first time that we have been able to directly study what is going on in the brain when individuals with anorexia nervosa make decisions about what food to eat ...
Reuters - 10/20/2015


Burnout and depression: two entities or one? CCNY provides answer
Burnout and depression overlap considerably, according to the latest study on the subject led by psychology Professor Irvin S. Schonfeld of The City College of New York’s Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership and his colleague, Renzo Bianchi, of the Institute of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland. The findings are based on a survey taken by 1,386 public school teachers, from pre-K to 12th grade across the United States, ...
City College of New York - 10/19/2015


High-fat diet may cause changes in the brain that lead to anxiety and depression
A new study in mice reveals that increased body weight and high blood sugar as a result of consuming a high-fat diet may cause anxiety and depressive symptoms and measurable changes in the brain. Also, the beneficial effects of an antidepressant were blunted in mice fed a high-fat diet.
EurekAlert - 10/19/2015


School absenteeism and early behavioral problems in kindergarten
At least 5% of children and adolescents in Germany are in need of psychiatric treatment. Diagnostic investigation for behavioral problems is indicated in another 10% to 18%. Two articles in Deutsches Ärzteblatt International go into the questions of what interventions help children who are avoiding school, and whether providing support for social and emotional skills can improve prosocial behavior in preschool children.
EurekAlert - 10/14/2015


Different types of child abuse: similar consequences - In the long run, emotional abuse might hurt a child as much as violence or neglect
Emotional abuse may be as harmful as physical abuse and neglect. This finding led by a team of researchers at McGill University complements previous imaging research showing that emotional and physical pain both activate the same parts of the brain. Emotional abuse, which includes behaviors such as ridicule, intimidation, rejection, and humiliation, is much more common than physical abuse and neglect. Worldwide prevalence estimates suggest that approximately ...
McGill University - 10/14/2015


Most teen mood swings decline with age
Adolescence is typically regarded as a period of heightened emotionality. Although the teen years are an important time for youth to learn to regulate their emotions, little research has looked at the development of teens' emotional stability. Now a new longitudinal study has found that adolescents' mood swings decline gradually as they get older, which should reassure parents about their moody teens while also helping identify when instability is considered risky and ...
EurekAlert - 10/14/2015


In a negative emotional climate, romantic partners may miss attempts to warm things up!
A new University of Illinois study reports that when conflict occurs in romantic relationships, the negative emotional climate that results hinders a person’s ability to recognize their partner’s attempts to reach out to them. “When we evaluate relationship maintenance in couples, the important measure is not what’s actually happening in the relationship but how those persons perceive their partner’s efforts. That perception creates the climate in which attempts at ...
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences - 10/13/2015


Prescription Painkiller Abuse Rate Down, But Many Are Addicted: Second study finds 80 percent of abusers don't get treatment for their addiction
The percentage of American adults who are abusing prescription narcotic painkillers has dipped slightly in the last decade, a new survey reveals. That's the good news. The bad news: Those who do abuse these powerful drugs are doing so more frequently and they are more likely to become addicted.
HealthDay - 10/13/2015


Brain scans could predict patients at risk of major depression
Scientists studying people with depression say brain scans could be used to predict who is most likely to relapse, an approach that could help doctors make better decisions about who should stay on antidepressants and who should stop. In a small study of 64 patients, the researchers found that significant differences showed up in brain scans of those who later went on to have a recurrence of their depression.
Reuters - 10/7/2015


Face-to-Face Contact May Beat Email, Phone for Staving Off Depression: Older people who spent more time communicating in person showed fewer symptoms of mood disorder
While your days may be filled with electronic communications, a new study suggests that face-to-face contact might have more power to keep depression at bay -- at least if you're older. The research doesn't prove that personal conversations are more valuable than email and phone calls. Still, study author Dr. Alan Teo, a staff psychiatrist at VA Portland Health Care System in Oregon, is convinced there's a connection.
HealthDay - 10/6/2015


Psychostimulants More Likely to Reduce Rather Than Worsen Anxiety in Children with ADHD
A new review of studies involving nearly 3,000 children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) concludes that, although anxiety has been reported as a side-effect of stimulant medication, psychostimulant treatment for ADHD significantly reduces the risk of anxiety.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. - 10/6/2015


Grades May Sink for Girls Who Are Compulsive Texters: But similar link with poor school performance wasn't seen for boys
Compulsive texting can lead to poor school performance for teenage girls, a new study suggests. "It appears that it is the compulsive nature of texting, rather than sheer frequency, that is problematic," said lead researcher Kelly Lister-Landman, who was at Chestnut Hill College in Pennsylvania when the study was conducted.
HealthDay - 10/6/2015


Gut bacteria population, diversity linked to anorexia nervosa: Studying the 'gut-brain axis,' researchers find evidence of an association
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine found that people with anorexia nervosa have very different microbial communities residing inside their guts compared to healthy individuals and that this bacterial imbalance is associated with some of the psychological symptoms related to the eating disorder.
ScienceDaily - 10/5/2015



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