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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Is Facebook use always associated with poorer body image and risky dieting?
College women who are more emotionally invested in Facebook and have lots of Facebook friends are less concerned with body size and shape and less likely to engage in risky dieting behaviors. But that's only if they aren't using Facebook to compare their bodies to their friends' bodies, according to the authors of a surprising new study at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.
ScienceDaily - 7/20/2015

Americans are taking less vacation time than ever — and it's hurting their relationships
Thinking about skipping vacation to catch up at work? Postponing because of money? You're not alone. Americans are taking less vacation time than ever — but ditching that vacation can lead to problems. A survey of 1,200 adults by the U.S. Travel Association found that Americans are taking fewer vacation days than they did 15 years ago (16 days per year) with many people not taking all the vacation days they earn. And eschewing vacation time for more work can ...
Today - 7/15/2015

Your phone knows if you're depressed: Time spent on smartphone and GPS location sensor data detect depression
You can fake a smile, but your phone knows the truth. Depression can be detected from your smartphone sensor data by tracking the number of minutes you use the phone and your daily geographical locations, reports a small Northwestern Medicine study. The more time you spend using your phone, the more likely you are depressed. The average daily usage for depressed individuals was about 68 minutes, while for non-depressed individuals it was about 17 minutes.
EurekAlert - 7/15/2015

Meth, Coke Addiction May Affect Brains of Women More Than Men: It's not clear why past drug dependence is linked to less gray matter in female brains, researchers say
In a new study, brain scans reveal that women formerly addicted to stimulant drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, have a smaller amount of a type of brain tissue known as "gray matter." This was true even though the women hadn't used the drugs for about a year before undergoing the brain scans, the study said. The research also hints, but cannot prove, that these drugs take a greater toll on addicted women's brains compared to men who had ...
HealthDay - 7/14/2015

Scientists identify new compounds that may treat depression rapidly with few side effects
A new study by researchers at University of Maryland School of Medicine has identified promising compounds that could successfully treat depression in less than 24 hours while minimizing side effects. Although they have not yet been tested in people, the compounds could offer significant advantages over current antidepressant medications.
University of Maryland School of Medicine - 7/13/2015

Researchers identify new spectrum disorder called ALPIM syndrome: Clarifies relationship between anxiety and physical disorders
The relationship between mental and physical health is well established. But when mental and physical illnesses co-occur, patients' accounts of physical illness are sometimes arbitrarily discredited or dismissed by physicians. Research by Jeremy D. Coplan, MD, professor of psychiatry at SUNY Downstate Medical Center, and colleagues has documented a high rate of association between panic disorder and four domains of physical illness. The research could ...
SUNY Downstate Medical Center - 7/9/2015

Study finds violent video games provide quick stress relief, but at a price
A study authored by two University of Wisconsin-Madison graduate students indicates that while playing video games can improve mood, violent games may increase aggressive outcomes. The researchers looked at how video games may be used to manage emotions — specifically, whether playing the games can improve mood.
University of Wisconsin-Madison - 7/9/2015

Study: Why social workers aren't discussing religion and spirituality with clients -- Baylor social work professor explains the disconnect between practitioners' beliefs and practice
Don't expect your social worker to ask you about your religious beliefs. New research by a Baylor University professor shows that licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs), who account for the largest number of clinically trained helping professionals, believe that discussions about their clients' religion and spirituality can often lead to improved health and mental health, but practitioners are not integrating these conversations into their counseling sessions.
Baylor University - 7/8/2015

Best Friends May Help Poor Kids Succeed: Study found having just one confidant helped teens find ways to cope with problems
Children who grow up in poor neighborhoods face more obstacles in life, but new research suggests that having a best friend can help these kids succeed. "Research into promoting resilience in young people has concentrated on support from the family, but friendships are important, too," study leader Rebecca Graber, a psychologist at the University of Sussex in England, said in a news release from the British Psychological Society.
HealthDay - 7/6/2015

Childhood Trauma Tied to Migraine Risk as Adult: Study found witnessing parental domestic violence produced most powerful association
Experiencing a traumatic event during childhood may raise the risk for migraines as an adult, new Canadian research suggests. "We found the more types of violence the individual had been exposed to during their childhood, the greater the odds of migraine," study author Sarah Brennenstuhl, from the University of Toronto, said in a university news release.
HealthDay - 7/3/2015

Doing good deeds helps socially anxious people relax
Being busy with acts of kindness can help people who suffer from social anxiety to mingle more easily. This is the opinion of Canadian researchers Jennifer Trew of Simon Fraser University and Lynn Alden of the University of British Columbia, in a study published in Springer’s journal Motivation and Emotion. Sufferers from social anxiety are more than just a little shy. Dealings with others might make them feel so threatened or anxious that they often actively avoid socializing.
Springer - 7/1/2015

For women with bipolar disorder, sleep quality affects mood
Poor sleep is associated with negative mood in women with bipolar disorder, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine and University of Michigan Medical School. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. The condition is marked by extreme mood episodes characterized as manic (highs) depressive (lows) or mixed. Sleep problems are common in ...
EurekAlert - 6/30/2015

Scans Suggest Recurrent Depression May Take Toll on the Brain: Shrinkage seen in region where new memories are made
The area of the brain involved in forming new memories, known as the hippocampus, seems to shrink in people with recurring depression, a new study shows. Australian researchers say the findings highlight the need to spot and treat depression when it first develops, particularly among young people. Ian Hickie, who co-directs the Brain and Mind Research Institute at the University of Sydney, led the study. His team looked at the neurology of almost 9,000 people ...
HealthDay - 6/30/2015

Trauma, PTSD May Raise Women's Odds of Heart Attack, Stroke: Study -- But the research didn't establish a cause-and-effect relationship
Women who have been through a traumatic event or developed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) face an increased risk of heart attack or stroke, a new large study suggests. For women with severe PTSD, the study found a 60 percent higher risk of heart attack or stroke compared to women who hadn't experienced any trauma. The risk was increased 45 percent for women who experienced a traumatic event but didn't develop PTSD, the researchers added.
HealthDay - 6/29/2015

U.S. Kids Suffer High Rates of Assault, Abuse, Study Finds: Long-term effects include poor mental and physical health, experts say
More than one-third of U.S. children and teens have been physically assaulted -- mostly by siblings and peers -- in the past year, a new study finds. And one in 20 kids has been physically abused by a parent or another caregiver in the same time period, the researchers said. "Children are the most victimized segment of the population," said study author David Finkelhor, director of the Crimes against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire.
HealthDay - 6/29/2015

Supreme Court's Nod to Gay Marriage a Psychological Boost to Couples: Experts -- 5-4 decision should help bring acceptance, respect for these committed relationships
The U.S. Supreme Court's historic decision on Friday now guarantees the right to marriage for same-sex couples across the nation. In a close 5 to 4 vote, the judges upheld the legality of gay and lesbian couples to marry -- something that 36 states have already sanctioned. In the majority opinion, Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote that notions of equality and respect were key to the court's decision. "It is demeaning to lock same-sex couples out of a central institution of ...
HealthDay - 6/26/2015

'Overwhelming' Evidence That Same-Sex Parenting Won't Harm Kids: Review of thousands of studies on the issue finds broad consensus among experts
There is no evidence that having same-sex parents harms children in any way, a new comprehensive review finds. The well-being of children of same-sex couples was an issue the U.S. Supreme Court addressed in its landmark 5-4 ruling on Friday that upheld the legality of gay marriage. "Without the recognition, stability and predictability marriage offers, children suffer the stigma of knowing their families are somehow lesser," Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote in the ...
HealthDay - 6/26/2015

Therapy affects the brain of people with Tourette Syndrome
In addition to its effect on chronic tics, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can change the brain function of people with Tourette syndrome, new research confirms. Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder mainly characterized by motor and vocal tics in affected people. A tic is generally defined as a semi-voluntary movement or vocalization with no specific purpose.
ScienceDaily - 6/25/2015

Are your emotional responses normal or abnormal? Report examines the difference between normal and abnormal emotion in how we diagnose depression
We all feel emotion, we all get upset, can feel low, angry and overjoyed, but when do these emotional responses become something of a medical concern? When are these feelings inappropriate, too intense, or lasting too long? When is the emotional state you are in classed as depression? In light of the 5th revision of the influential Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM- 5), where a person can now be diagnosed as undergoing a ...
EurekAlert - 6/25/2015

Inflaming the Drive for Suicide: An analysis in Biological Psychiatry reveals link between suicide and inflammation
One American dies from suicide every 12.8 minutes, making suicide the tenth leading cause of death in the United States according to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. There is consensus that if we could better predict who was at risk for suicide, then we could more effectively intervene to reduce this terrible burden on individuals, families and public health. A new analysis of existing studies strongly supports the idea that there are increased levels of ...
Elsevier - 6/24/2015

Consciousness has less control than believed, according to new theory
Consciousness -- the internal dialogue that seems to govern one's thoughts and actions -- is far less powerful than people believe, serving as a passive conduit rather than an active force that exerts control, according to a new theory proposed by an SF State researcher. Associate Professor of Psychology Ezequiel Morsella's "Passive Frame Theory" suggests that the conscious mind is like an interpreter helping speakers of different languages communicate.
San Francisco State University - 6/23/2015

Low-energy activities that involve sitting down are associated with an increased risk of anxiety, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health
These activities, which include watching TV, working at a computer or playing electronic games, are called sedentary behavior. Further understanding of these behaviors and how they may be linked to anxiety could help in developing strategies to deal with this mental health problem. Many studies have shown that sedentary behavior is associated with physical health problems like obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis. However, there has ...
EurekAlert - 6/18/2015

Stress in low-income families can affect children's learning
Children living in low-income households who endure family instability and emotionally distant caregivers are at risk of having impaired cognitive abilities according to new research from the University of Rochester. The study of 201 low-income mother-child pairs, conducted at Mount Hope Family Center, tracked the levels of the stress hormone, cortisol, in the children at ages 2, 3, and 4. It found that specific forms of family adversity are linked to both elevated and ...
ScienceDaily - 6/18/2015

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder: More than just picky eating
A new commentary by experts reflects on the clinical impact of the diagnosis of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder, and the work that remains in terms of treatments and improved outcomes.
ScienceDaily - 6/18/2015

New research shows parental behaviour not affected by stress and anxiety of premature birth
The stress and worry of giving birth prematurely does not adversely affect a mother’s parenting behaviour, according to researchers at the University of Warwick. Preterm children often require special care in the neonatal period including incubator care or assistance with breathing. Previous research has suggested that this stress, separation and an increased tendency for depression may impair a mother’s parenting behaviour and adversely affect preterm ...
University of Warwick - 6/15/2015

U.S. Hospitals Seeing More Kids With Self-Inflicted Injuries: Cutting is the most common problem, followed by firearm injuries
A growing number of U.S. kids are landing in the ER because of self-inflicted injuries, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2012, self-injuries accounted for a rising percentage of children's emergency room trips -- increasing from 1.1 percent to 1.6 percent of all visits. Most of the time, researchers found, the injuries were not life-threatening, and included acts such as cutting, piercing and burning. But, while the total numbers remained relatively low, experts said the ...
HealthDay - 6/15/2015

Recurrent major depressive disorder and use of antidepressants associated with lower bone density
A recent study from the University of Eastern Finland in collaboration with Deakin University, Australia, shows that recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD) in men is associated with lower bone density. The use of antidepressants was also associated with lower bone mineral density (BMD), but this association was dependent on the person's weight and site of bone measurement. Osteoporosis is a common disorder and an underlying factor in ...
University of Eastern Finland - 6/12/2015

More sex leads to a happier marriage, right? Maybe not
Sex is pretty great, right? So great that people think they want to have it as often as possible, seeking out advice on how to have better sex, twice-daily sex, or sex every day for a year. But what we think we want and what we really want can be very different. A surprising recent study reveals that when it comes to sex, more isn't always better. In fact, when married couples doubled the amount of sex they were having, they reported feeling unhappier.
NBC News - 6/12/2015

Psychosis Rarely Linked to Violent Crime, Study Says: Findings counter common belief about mental illness
It's rare that people with mental illness have hallucinations and delusions before they commit violent crimes, researchers say. "High-profile mass shootings capture public attention and increase vigilance of people with mental illness. But our findings clearly show that psychosis rarely leads directly to violence," said study lead author Jennifer Skeem, associate dean of research at University of California, Berkeley's School of Social Welfare.
HealthDay - 6/12/2015

The constant movement in ADHD may help children think, perform in school
The constant movement of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be distracting -- but the fidgeting also may improve their cognitive performance, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found. The take-away message: The hyperactivity seen in ADHD may help children think.
UC Davis Health System - 6/10/2015

Gun Violence Takes Toll on Kids' Mental Health, Study Finds: Even witnessing such incidents carries long-term consequences, researchers say
More than one in four children in the United States is exposed to weapon-related violence -- as a victim or witness -- which ups their risk for mental health problems, a new study says. Using 2011 data from a national survey of children and parents, researchers also estimated that one in 33 kids has been assaulted in incidents where lethal weapons -- guns and knives -- were used.
HealthDay - 6/8/2015

New knowledge about parental break-up, conflicts
Do maternal couple relationships change throughout the child-rearing years and can the likelihood of parental break-up be predicted? A new doctoral study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health has investigated these questions.
ScienceDaily - 6/3/2015

Facebook addiction linked to depression
In a small study of Facebook users in Poland, depression was one predictor of greater vulnerability to becoming dependent on using the social media site. So-called Facebook intrusion is similar to an addiction, but the emphasis is on the way a person’s relationships with others are affected. Being young, male and spending a lot of time online also predicted a greater likelihood of unhealthy dependence on Facebook.
Reuters - 6/3/2015

Pesticides Linked to ADHD, Study Says: Research found greater exposure tied to more hyperactivity and impulsivity in boys
There's evidence -- but not proof -- of a link between a commonly used household pesticide and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and young teens, according to a new study. Specifically, researchers found an association between exposure to pyrethroid pesticides and ADHD, as well as ADHD symptoms such as hyperactivity and impulsivity. The link between the pesticides and ADHD was stronger in boys than in girls, according to the findings published ...
HealthDay - 6/3/2015

Bullied Teens at Risk for Later Depression, Study Finds: Getting picked on at age 13 tied to raised odds of poor mental health at 18, U.K. researchers report
Young teens who are bullied appear to be at higher risk of depression when they reach early adulthood, according to new research. "We found that teenagers who reported being frequently bullied were twice as likely to be clinically depressed at 18 years," said Lucy Bowes, a researcher at the University of Oxford in England, who led the research.
HealthDay - 6/2/2015

Helping pregnant moms with depression doesn't help kids, study shows
A long-term study of mother-child pairs in Pakistan has found that the children turn out pretty much the same, whether or not their mothers received treatment for depression during pregnancy. An earlier study of the same population found that the mothers themselves benefited from the treatment with less depression, and demonstrating related healthy behaviors with their newborns, such as breastfeeding. But those improvements were short-lived.
ScienceDaily - 6/2/2015

Vets With PTSD Might Need Sleep Apnea Screening: Study -- Research suggests risk of nighttime breathing problem rises with severity of post-traumatic stress disorder
For U.S. veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the risk of sleep apnea increases along with the severity of the mental health condition, a new study contends. Sleep apnea -- a common sleep disorder in which breathing frequently stops and starts -- is potentially serious. Researchers looked at 195 Iraq and Afghanistan veterans who visited a Veterans Affairs outpatient PTSD clinic for evaluation. About 69 percent were at high risk for obstructive ...
HealthDay - 5/29/2015

Research links impulsivity and binge eating
Do you get impulsive when you’re upset? If so, this could be putting you at risk for binge eating. According to Kelly Klump, professor of psychology at Michigan State University and senior author, the more impulsive you are, the more likely it is you’ll binge eat when experiencing negative feelings. “It’s human nature to want to turn to something for comfort after a bad day, but what our research found is that the tendency to act rashly when faced with negative emotions is a ...
Michigan State University - 5/28/2015

Better understanding of links between pain, anxiety reveals treatment opportunities
Anxiety is common in people suffering from chronic pain, and people with anxiety are more likely to suffer from chronic pain. Now researchers have found the biological basis for this link in the connections between neurons in a brain region known as the anterior cingulate cortex. Better yet, they have identified a molecule that can reduce chronic pain-related anxiety.
ScienceDaily - 5/27/2015

Heed the Warning Signs of Teen Suicide, Experts Say: Withdrawal, changes in daily habits can signal trouble
Youth suicide is a major problem in the United States, but being alert to the warning signs can help avert tragedy, experts say. Thousands of teens take their own lives every year, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15- to 24-year-olds, and the sixth leading cause of death among 5- to 14-year-olds, the academy explained in a news release.
HealthDay - 5/26/2015

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