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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Insulin resistance in the brain, behavioral disorders: Direct link found
People with diabetes are more prone to anxiety and depression than those with other chronic diseases that require similar levels of management. Genetically modifying mice to make their brains resistant to insulin, scientists first found that the animals exhibited behaviors that suggest anxiety and depression, and then pinpointed a mechanism that lowers levels of the key neurotransmitter dopamine in areas of the brain associated with those conditions.
ScienceDaily - 3/2/2015

Shake it off? Not so easy for people with depression, new brain research suggests
Rejected by a person you like? Just "shake it off" and move on, as music star Taylor Swift says. But while that might work for many people, it may not be so easy for those with untreated depression, a new brain study finds. The pain of social rejection lasts longer for them -- and their brain cells release less of a natural pain and stress-reducing chemical called natural opioids, researchers report in the journal Molecular Psychiatry. The findings were made in depressed ...
EurekAlert - 2/27/2015

Teen girls from rural areas more likely to have undiagnosed asthma, be depressed
Teen girls who live in rural areas are more likely than their male counterparts to have undiagnosed asthma, and they often are at a higher risk of depression, according to researchers. "There's a lot of speculation about why females are more likely to be undiagnosed," says the lead researcher. "Maybe it's because boys are more likely to get a sports physical for athletics and they catch it then. Or maybe it's because girls attribute asthma symptoms to something else, like ...
ScienceDaily - 2/24/2015

Patients with mental illness less likely to receive diet, exercise advice: Health care providers may miss opportunities to counsel high-risk patients
More than half of patients with symptoms of mental illness - and nearly one-third of those who also had diabetes - said their health care providers had never told them to exercise or reduce their intake of dietary fat, according to a new study published in Diabetes Educator. The American Diabetes Association recommends that health care providers counsel all patients with diabetes or at high risk of diabetes about physical activity and healthy dietary choices.
EurekAlert - 2/24/2015

When Kids Think Parents Play Favorites, It Can Spell Trouble
If you have siblings, you probably think that your parents liked one kid best — and you're probably right. Scientists say the family pecking order does affect children, but not always in the way you might think. The vast majority of parents do have favorite child, according to research — about 80 percent. But that number sounds pretty darned high. So I decided to ask some kids in my neighborhood in Bethesda, Md., what they think happens in their families.
NPR - 2/23/2015

Sibling Bullying More Common Than Schoolyard Torment, Study Shows
The biggest bullies might not be in the playground, but in the top bunk. That's the takeaway from a new study that says sibling torment could be more common than aggression at school or in the neighborhood — and the perpetrators and victims don't even see it as bullying. "Rivalry is one word that they used," said Lori Hoetger, one of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln researchers who authored the study published in the Journal of Family Violence.
NBC News - 2/20/2015

Cyberbullying linked to 6-fold increase in depression among female college students
More than 1 in 4 females have experienced cyberbullying in college, increasing their risk for depression. Female college students who acted as cyberbullies were also more likely to report problem alcohol use, according to a new study published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
EurekAlert - 2/19/2015

Methamphetamine May be More Harmful to Teen Brains: MRI-based study finds illicit drug causes more damage in adolescents
Long-term use of methamphetamine causes more brain damage in teens than adults, a new study finds. Researchers conducted MRI brain scans of 51 teen and 54 adult chronic methamphetamine abusers. They compared those scans to those of 60 teens and 60 adults who didn't use the drug. The study participants were all from South Korea. Compared to the adult methamphetamine users, the teen methamphetamine users had greater and more widespread ...
HealthDay - 2/17/2015

Shy babies need secure parent bond to help prevent potential teen anxiety
Shy babies need to have a strong bond with their parents to avoid developing anxiety disorders in their teens, according to a new study. Attachment is especially vital, the researchers found, when a baby shows behavioral inhibition or shyness to new situations or people.
ScienceDaily - 2/17/2015

Mindfulness meditation may help older people sleep
Reuters Health - Engaging in mindfulness awareness practices may be more helpful for older people who have trouble sleeping than just learning about how to make their bedrooms more conducive to sleep, according to a small new study. “These simple yet challenging meditation practices provide the opportunity for people to expand their nonjudgmental awareness of sensory experiences arising in each moment,” said David Black, the study’s lead author from ...
Reuters - 2/17/2015

Can virtual reality help treat anxiety in older people?
Up to 25% of people aged 65 and over experience varying degrees of anxiety. Although cognitive behavioral therapy is a preferred treatment approach, it has limitations as people age (decreased mobility and visualization skills). Could virtual reality be an effective therapy for anxiety in older people? Some researchers say yes.
ScienceDaily - 2/17/2015

Eating disorders linked with financial difficulties in female students
Experiencing financial difficulties at university may increase the risk of female students developing an eating disorder, according to new research from the University of Southampton and Solent NHS Trust. Conversely, the study also found that having extreme attitudes to food and eating predicted short-term financial difficulties for female students, suggesting the possibility of a 'vicious cycle' occurring.
EurekAlert - 2/16/2015

How to Survive Valentine's Day Without Romance: Expert offers tips to those who don't have a partner or spouse
Valentine's Day can be difficult for some people, but it's important to keep things in perspective, an expert says. People who don't have a spouse or romantic partner may feel lonely, sad or left out while those around them plan special events and gifts, said Dr. Jeffrey Borenstein, president and CEO of the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation in New York City. However, there are practical tips for those who might be going solo this weekend.
HealthDay - 2/13/2015

Study finds short-term psychological therapy reduces suicide attempts in at-risk soldiers
Short-term cognitive behavioral therapy dramatically reduces suicide attempts among at-risk military personnel, according to findings from a research study that included investigators from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. The two-year study, funded by the Army's Military Operational Medicine Research Program, was conducted at Fort Carson, Colo. It involved 152 active-duty soldiers who had either attempted suicide or had been ...
EurekAlert - 2/13/2015

Depression: A barrier to communication in couples?
A massive 6.7% of the US population are affected by depressive disorders. As well as pessimism, irritability, pain and exhaustion, depression is also proven to affect communication and ability to maintain relationships. A new article explores depression and relational uncertainty within couples and the causal effect on communication behaviors.
ScienceDaily - 2/12/2015

Significant link between cannabis use and onset of mania symptoms
Researchers from the University of Warwick have found evidence to suggest a significant relationship between cannabis use and the onset and exacerbation of mania symptoms. The researchers looked at a number of previous studies and concluded that cannabis use preceded the onset of mania symptoms.
ScienceDaily - 2/10/2015

1 in 5 suicides is associated with unemployment
Unemployment can drive people to suicide. Numerous studies have demonstrated that there is a relationship between unemployment and poor health and that (the threat of) losing a job and prolonged unemployment can constitute a serious situation for those affected as well as their relatives. The debate on this fateful association was reignited by the 2008 economic crisis and the subsequent austerity policies in many countries. While many studies have merely focused on ...
EurekAlert - 2/10/2015

Preemies may have psychiatric problems as adults
The study found that extremely low birth weight babies whose mothers received a full course of steroids prior to giving birth are at even greater risk for psychiatric disorders. The good news is that people born as extremely low birth weight babies are less likely than others to have alcohol or substance use disorders as adults. The less encouraging news is that they may have a higher risk of other types of psychiatric problems.
ScienceDaily - 2/9/2015

LGBT teens who come out at school have better self-esteem, study finds
Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender adolescents who come out at school have higher self-esteem and lower levels of depression as young adults, compared to LGBT youth who don't disclose their sexual orientation or gender identity at school, according to a new study led by University of Arizona researcher Stephen Russell.
EurekAlert - 2/9/2015

Parenting and depression study - Fathers are at risk, too: Multiple roles that come with step-parenting associated with higher depression risk
In stressful family circumstances, parenthood sometimes take a bigger toll on fathers' mental health. Scholars at Brigham Young University and Princeton conducted research that gives a better look at how various types of parents experience stress. One finding of the study is that some stepfathers - those with multiple family roles - experience the highest stress levels.
EurekAlert - 2/5/2015

Brain scans predict effectiveness of talk therapy to treat depression: UNC researchers lead first brain connectivity study pointing toward a new image-based diagnostic model
UNC School of Medicine researchers have shown that brain scans can predict which patients with clinical depression are most likely to benefit from a specific kind of talk therapy. The study, which was published today in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, is the first to use a technique known as resting-state functional brain connectivity MRI to identify differences in brain wiring that predict therapeutic responses to talk therapy. The research shows that ...
EurekAlert - 2/4/2015

If Facebook use causes envy, depression could follow
Facebook use can lead to symptoms of depression if the social networking site triggers feelings of envy among its users, research shows. "Facebook can be a fun and healthy activity if users take advantage of the site to stay connected with family and old friends and to share interesting and important aspects of their lives," an author said. "However, if Facebook is used to see how well an acquaintance is doing financially or how happy an old friend is in his relationship ...
ScienceDaily - 2/3/2015

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia reduces suicidal thoughts in veterans
The treatment of insomnia in veterans is associated with a significant reduction in suicidal ideation, researchers say. Results show that suicidal ideation decreased by 33 percent following up to six sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). Further analysis found that the reduction in insomnia severity achieved during CBT-I was associated with a concurrent decrease in the odds of suicidal ideation. This relationship remained significant after ...
ScienceDaily - 2/2/2015

Stress shared by same-sex couples can have unique health impacts
Minority stress -- which results from being stigmatized and disadvantaged in society -- affects same-sex couples' stress levels and overall health, research indicates. Authors of a new study state that the health effects of minority stress shared by a couple can be understood as distinct from individual stress, a new framework in the field.
ScienceDaily - 1/30/2015

Diet and nutrition essential for mental health
Evidence is rapidly growing showing vital relationships between both diet quality and potential nutritional deficiencies and mental health, a new international collaboration led by the University of Melbourne and Deakin University has revealed. Published in The Lancet Psychiatry today, leading academics state that as with a range of medical conditions, psychiatry and public health should now recognise and embrace diet and nutrition as key determinants of mental health.
EurekAlert - 1/29/2015

Feelings of loneliness, depression linked to binge-watching television
It seems harmless: getting settled in for a night of marathon session for a favorite TV show, like House of Cards. But why do we binge-watch TV, and can it really be harmless? A recent study has found that the more lonely and depressed you are, the more likely you are to binge-watch.
ScienceDaily - 1/29/2015

Common pesticide may increase risk of ADHD: Rutgers study suggests that pregnant women and young children are more susceptible
A commonly used pesticide may alter the development of the brain's dopamine system -- responsible for emotional expression and cognitive function - and increase the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, according to a new Rutgers study. The research published Wednesday in the Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB), by Rutgers scientists and colleagues from Emory University, the University of ...
EurekAlert - 1/29/2015

Childhood Neglect May Affect Brain Development, Study Says: Changes in white matter seen in institutionalized children
Childhood neglect is associated with changes in the brain's white matter, a small study shows. "Our findings have important implications for public health related to early prevention and intervention for children reared in conditions of severe neglect or adverse contexts more generally," the researchers wrote. The study looked at 26 abandoned children in Romania who experienced social, emotional, language and mental development neglect while living in institutions.
HealthDay - 1/26/2015

Are medications' adverse cognitive effects reversible?
Whether the adverse cognitive effects of medications can be reversed is of significant importance to an aging population, their caregivers and their families, as well as to an overburdened health care system. In a commentary in JAMA Internal Medicine, Noll Campbell, Pharm.D., and Malaz Boustani, M.D., MPH, of the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research, probe the possibility of reversing the adverse cognitive effects of medications ...
EurekAlert - 1/26/2015

Reducing Work-Family Conflict May Improve Sleep: When managers and employees got more support in workplace, everyone got more rest, study says
Employees enrolled in a program to reduce work-family conflicts reported improved sleep, a new study says. "We showed that an intervention focused on changing the workplace culture could increase the measured amount of sleep employees obtain, as well as their perception that their sleep was more sufficient," said lead investigator Orfeu Buxton of Pennsylvania State University.
HealthDay - 1/26/2015

Why should adolescents exhibiting symptoms of mental disorders be asked about hallucinations?
Visual distortions and hallucinations related to an elevated risk of psychosis are linked to self-destructive thought processes among adolescents with psychological symptoms, according to a recent study. Early indications of the risk of psychosis can usually be detected long before the onset of a full-blown disorder.
ScienceDaily - 1/22/2015

Connection between childhood adversity and psychiatric disorders seen at cellular level
In a new study published online in Biological Psychiatry on January 16, 2015, researchers from Butler Hospital identify an association between biological changes on the cellular level and both childhood adversity and psychiatric disorders. These changes in the form of telomere shortening and alterations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), are important in the aging process, and this new research provides evidence that psychosocial factors--specifically childhood adversity ...
EurekAlert - 1/20/2015

'High-intensity' disruptive behavior may indicate future problems for children
Temper tantrums, stealing and throwing toys around are forms of disruptive behavior that many young children exhibit when growing up. However, if this behavior is "high-intensity," it could indicate a psychiatric problem that predicts future antisocial behavior. The conclusion comes from a new study, published in The Journal of Pediatrics, in which researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, assessed the behavior of children at ...
Medical News Today - 1/16/2015

Women who experience 'postpartum' depression before giving birth may face greater risk
Postpartum depression (PPD) may have a diverse clinical presentation and this has critical implications for diagnosis, treatment and understanding the underlying biology of the illness, a new study finds. "Clinicians should be aware of the diverse presentation of women with postpartum depression," said a corresponding collaborator of the study. "A thorough assessment of a women's history is necessary to guide appropriate clinical and treatment decisions."
ScienceDaily - 1/15/2015

ADHD Drug Might Help Treat Binge-Eating Disorder, Study Suggests: But therapy is preferable to medication, one expert says
A drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may also help treat binge-eating disorder, preliminary research suggests. At higher doses tested, the prescription drug Vyvanse curtailed the excessive food consumption that characterizes binge-eating disorder, researchers said. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) is solely approved in the United States to treat ADHD, and no drug has been approved to curb binge-eating disorder.
HealthDay - 1/14/2015

Factors influencing mental illness in early adolescence
Mental illness – particularly depression – is a rising problem with Malaysia’s youth. Two recent studies published in the shed light on the relationship between poor family dynamics and the development of mental illness.
ScienceDaily - 1/12/2015

UCLA study IDs two genes that boost risk for post-traumatic stress disorder: Finding could lead to faster diagnosis, better treatment for survivors
Why do some people develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while others who suffered the same ordeal do not? A new UCLA discovery may shed light on the answer. UCLA scientists have linked two gene variants to the debilitating mental disorder, suggesting that heredity influences a person's risk of developing PTSD.
EurekAlert - 1/9/2015

Couples' conflicts: Withdrawal or expecting your romantic partner to mind-read hurts relationships, but in different ways
When you have a conflict with your significant other, do you withdraw like a turtle into its shell? Or do you expect your partner to be a mind reader about what ticks you off? Both of those can be harmful, but in different ways and for different reasons, according to a new study.
ScienceDaily - 1/7/2015

PTSD doubles diabetes risk in women
Women with post-traumatic stress disorder are nearly twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared with women who don't have PTSD, according to researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University and Harvard School of Public Health.
EurekAlert - 1/7/2015

Study links suicide risk with insomnia, alcohol use
A new study is the first to show that insomnia symptoms mediate the relationship between alcohol use and suicide risk, and that this mediation is moderated by gender. The study suggests that the targeted assessment and treatment of specific sleep problems may reduce the risk of suicide among those who use alcohol.
Medical News Today - 1/5/2015

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