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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Research sheds new light on the link between gut bacteria and anxiety
Research published in the open access journal Microbiome sheds new light on how gut bacteria may influence anxiety-like behaviors. Investigating the link between gut bacteria and biological molecules called microRNAs (miRNAs) in the brain; researchers at the APC Microbiome Institute at University College Cork, which is funded by Science Foundation Ireland, found that a significant number of miRNAs were changed in the brains of microbe-free mice. These mice are reared in a ...
BioMed Central - 8/24/2017

1 in 5 women with postpartum mood disorders keep quiet
A recent study from North Carolina State University finds that 21 percent of recent mothers experiencing postpartum mood disorders (PPMDs), such as anxiety and depression, do not disclose their symptoms to healthcare providers. “Our study finds that many women who would benefit from treatment are not receiving it, because they don’t tell anyone that they’re dealing with any challenges,” says Betty-Shannon Prevatt, a practicing clinical psychologist and Ph.D. student at NC State who ...
North Carolina State University - 8/24/2017

Psychotic disorders and obesity: New report shows big waistlines are to blame - First study to compare long-term weight gain across psychotic disorders
Obesity is a major public health problem in the United States, as an estimated 35 percent of Americans are obese and have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. For the 2.2 million Americans with schizophrenia and the 5.7 million Americans with bipolar disorder, the increased prevalence of obesity and its related diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease is particularly disconcerting.
Florida Atlantic University - 8/23/2017

Yoga and meditation improve mind-body health and stress resilience: New research finds that practicing yoga and meditation has positive effects on mind-body health and stress resilience
Many people report positive health effects from practicing yoga and meditation, and experience both mental and physical benefits from these practices. However, we still have much to learn about how exactly these practices affect mind-body health. A new research article published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience investigates the effects of yoga and meditation on brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the activity on the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) effects and inflammatory ...
Frontiers - 8/22/2017

New study rebuts the claim that antidepressants do not work
A theory that has gained considerable attention in international media, including Newsweek and the CBS broadcast 60 minutes, suggest that antidepressant drugs, such as the SSRIs, do not exert any actual antidepressant effect. A research group at the Sahlgrenska Academy has now analyzed data from clinical trials and can rebut this theory. According to the challenged hypothesis, the fact that many people medicating with antidepressants regard themselves as improved may be ...
University of Gothenburg - 8/18/2017

Feeling bad about feeling bad can make you feel worse
Pressure to feel upbeat can make you feel downbeat, while embracing your darker moods can actually make you feel better in the long run, according to new UC Berkeley research. “We found that people who habitually accept their negative emotions experience fewer negative emotions, which adds up to better psychological health,” said study senior author Iris Mauss, an associate professor of psychology at UC Berkeley.
University of California - Berkeley - 8/10/2017

Therapy for Kids With Autism Pays Off for Moms, Dads: Study found when parents become therapy partners, they become less depressed, learn to keep emotions in check
Behavioral therapy for children with autism also benefits their parents, a new study finds. About 70 percent of children with autism have emotional or behavioral problems and may turn to cognitive behavioral therapy to help with these issues. Usually, while kids are with the therapist, parents are in a separate room learning what the children are doing, but not participating, according to researcher Jonathon Weiss. "What's unique about what we studied is what happens when parents are ...
HealthDay - 8/10/2017

Playing action video games can actually harm your brain
Neuroscientists should think twice before getting patients to play video games as a way to boost their brain power, a new study conducted at Université de Montréal suggests. Why? Because in many cases, gaming can do more harm than good. In the study, published today in Molecular Psychiatry, lead author Greg West, an associate professor of psychology at UdeM, reveals that habitual players of action games have less grey matter in their hippocampus, a major part of the brain.
University of Montreal - 8/7/2017

Stress heightens fear of threats from the past
Recognizing threats is an essential function of the human mind -- think "fight or flight" -- one that is aided by past negative experiences. But when older memories are coupled with stress, individuals are likely to perceive danger in harmless circumstances, according to a paper published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
University of Texas at Austin - 8/7/2017

So Lonely I Could Die: Social isolation, loneliness could be greater threat to public health than obesity, researchers say
Loneliness and social isolation may represent a greater public health hazard than obesity, and their impact has been growing and will continue to grow, according to research presented at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. “Being connected to others socially is widely considered a fundamental human need — crucial to both well-being and survival. Extreme examples show infants in custodial care who lack human contact fail to thrive and often ...
American Psychological Association - 8/5/2017

New research offers hope for faster acting antidepressants
For people suffering from depression, a day without treatment can seem like a lifetime. A new study explains why the most commonly prescribed antidepressants can take as long as six weeks to have an effect. The findings could one day lead to more effective and faster acting drugs.
McGill University - 8/3/2017

Yoga effective at reducing symptoms of depression: Multi-week regimen may be an effective complement to traditional therapy, multiple studies suggest
People who suffer from depression may want to look to yoga as a complement to traditional therapies as the practice appears to lessen symptoms of the disorder, according to studies presented at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. "Yoga has become increasingly popular in the West, and many new yoga practitioners cite stress-reduction and other mental health concerns as their primary reason for practicing," said Lindsey Hopkins, PhD, ...
American Psychological Association - 8/3/2017

Feeling Stressed During the Workday? Research Says Playing Video Games May Help
More than half of Americans regularly experience cognitive fatigue related to stress, frustration, and anxiety while at work. Those in safety-critical fields, such as air traffic control and health care, are at an even greater risk for cognitive fatigue, which could lead to errors. Given the amount of time that people spend playing games on their smartphones and tablets, a team of human factors/ergonomics researchers decided to evaluate whether casual video game play is an effective way to ...
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society - 7/25/2017

Psychologists say our 'attachment style' applies to social networks like Facebook
A new investigation appearing this week in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin suggests a strong association between a person's attachment style -- how avoidant or anxious people are in their close relationships -- and their perception and management of social networks like Facebook.
ScienceDaily - 7/24/2017

High-fat diet in pregnancy can cause mental health problems in offspring
A high-fat diet not only creates health problems for expectant mothers, but new research in an animal model suggests it alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of their offspring and has a long-term impact on offspring behavior. The new study links an unhealthy diet during pregnancy to mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression in children.
Oregon Health & Science University - 7/21/2017

Family factors may influence a child's temperament
A new study indicates that a child's temperament may be influenced by maternal postpartum depression, maternal sensitivity, and family functioning. Maternal depression was associated with difficult temperaments in infants when maternal sensitivity was low, but not when maternal sensitivity was high. Family functioning similarly moderated these links. The findings suggest that family factors play a critical role in shaping the trajectory of an infant's behavioral style as it unfolds ...
Wiley - 7/20/2017

Why some women are more likely to feel depressed: New study links duration of estrogen exposure with increased vulnerability to depression: Longer exposure to estrogen shown to provide protection
It's no secret that the risk of depression increases for women when their hormones are fluctuating. Especially vulnerable times include the menopause transition and onset of postmenopause. There's also postpartum depression that can erupt shortly after childbirth. But why do some women feel blue while others seem to skate through these transitions? One answer is provided through study results being published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American ...
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) - 7/19/2017

Med Switch Not Always Best Choice With Tough Depression: Adding an antipsychotic or a second antidepressant may produce better results, researchers say
Switching to another antidepressant may not be the best way to help depression patients who don't respond to the first antidepressant they take, a new study indicates. Among more than 1,500 depression patients at 35 U.S. Veterans Health Administration medical centers, better symptom relief was achieved when people were prescribed an antipsychotic medication or a second antidepressant rather than being switched to another antidepressant, the researchers found.
HealthDay - 7/11/2017

Well-being in later life: The mind plays an important role
"Aging itself is not inevitably associated with a decline in mood and quality of life," says Prof. Karl-Heinz Ladwig, summarizing the results. "It is rather the case that psychosocial factors such as depression or anxiety impair subjective well-being, the Head of the Mental Health Research Group at the Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München and Professor of Psychosomatic Medicine at the TUM University Hospital explains. "And in the case of women, living alone also ...
ScienceDaily - 7/7/2017

Mindfulness-based therapy may reduce stress in overweight and obese individuals
In a randomized clinical trial of women who were overweight or obese, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) increased mindfulness and decreased stress compared with health education. In addition, fasting blood sugar levels decreased within the MBSR group, but not within the health education group.
ScienceDaily - 7/7/2017

Are we still jealous? Infidelity in the age of social media
When men and women find social media messages indicating that their partner has been cheating on them, they show the same type of jealousy behaviour as finding offline evidence that their partner has been unfaithful. This is according to Michael Dunn and Gemma Billett of Cardiff Metropolitan University in the UK, who investigated how jealousy manifests between the sexes when people find compromising messages on their partner’s social media accounts. The findings are published in ...
Springer - 7/6/2017

Research suggests association between gut bacteria and emotion
Researchers have identified gut microbiota that interact with brain regions associated with mood and behavior. This may be the first time that behavioral and neurobiological differences associated with microbial composition in healthy humans have been identified.
UCLA Health - 6/29/2017

Surprising ways to beat anxiety and become mentally strong – according to science
Do you have anxiety? Have you tried just about everything to get over it, but it just keeps coming back? Perhaps you thought you had got over it, only for the symptoms to return with a vengeance? Whatever your circumstances, science can help you to beat anxiety for good. Anxiety can present as fear, restlessness, an inability to focus at work or school, finding it hard to fall or stay asleep at night, or getting easily irritated. In social situations, it can make it hard to talk to others; ...
The Conversation - 6/26/2017

Eating your feelings? The link between job stress, junk food and sleep
Stress during the workday can lead to overeating and unhealthy food choices at dinnertime, but there could be a buffer to this harmful pattern. A good night’s sleep can serve as a protecting factor between job stress and unhealthy eating in the evening, indicates a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University scholar. The study, published online in the Journal of Applied Psychology, is one of the first to investigate how psychological experiences at work shape eating behaviors.
Michigan State University - 6/22/2017

Perceptions about Body Image Linked to Increased Alcohol, Tobacco Use for Teens: Findings provide support for increased body-image awareness to improve overall health
How teenagers perceive their appearance, including their body image, can have significant impacts on health and wellness. Prior body image research has shown that people with negative body image are more likely to develop eating disorders and are more likely to suffer from depression and low self-esteem. Now, Virginia Ramseyer Winter, a body image expert and an assistant professor in the University of Missouri’s School of Social Work, found negative body image also is ...
University of Missouri-Columbia - 6/21/2017

Feeling stressed? Bike to work: A Concordia study shows how a pedal-powered commute can set you up for the whole day
New research from Concordia’s John Molson School of Business (JMSB) has found that cycling can help reduce stress and improve your work performance. Researchers Stéphane Brutus, Roshan Javadian and Alexandra Panaccio compared how different modes of commuting – cycling, driving a car and taking public transport – affected stress and mood at work. The study was published in the International Journal of Workplace Health Management.
Concordia University - 6/21/2017

People who go to bed late have less control over OCD symptoms
A late bedtime is associated with lower perceived control of obsessive thoughts, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. Binghamton University Professor of Psychology Meredith E. Coles and former graduate student Jessica Schubert (now at University of Michigan Medical School) monitored twenty individuals diagnosed with OCD and ten individuals endorsing subthreshold OCD symptoms during one week of sleep. Participants ...
Binghamton University - 6/20/2017

To work or not to work: Moms' well being rests on what she wants: New research shows that among well-educated moms, when employment status is aligned with preference, well-being soars
The center of a mother's life tends to be her children and her family, but if mom is unhappy about staying home with the kids or about working outside the home then she (and anyone close to her) may suffer, according to new research from Arizona State University. In "What women want: Employment preference and adjustment among mothers," published in the early on-line edition of the Journal of Family and Economic Issues, researchers studied more than 2,000 mostly well-educated ...
Arizona State University - 6/20/2017

Hiding true self harms career and sense of belonging
Hiding your true self at work can damage your career and reduce your sense of belonging in the workplace, a new study suggests. University of Exeter researchers examined "stigmatised" characteristics - being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT), or having a history of poverty or mental or physical illness. They found that concealing such characteristics from colleagues resulted in lower self-esteem, job satisfaction and commitment at work. "People may choose to ...
University of Exeter - 6/20/2017

How Viewing Cute Animals Can Help Rekindle Marital Spark
One of the well-known challenges of marriage is keeping the passion alive after years of partnership, as passions tend to cool even in very happy relationships. In a new study, a team of psychological scientists led by James K. McNulty of Florida State University has developed an unconventional intervention for helping a marriage maintain its spark: pictures of puppies and bunnies. Previous research has shown that, in many instances, marriage satisfaction declines even when day-to-day ...
Association for Psychological Science - 6/19/2017

Sleep apnea and insomnia combination linked with depression
A new study found that men with sleep apnoea and insomnia have a higher prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms than men with sleep apnoea or insomnia alone. n the study of 700 men in the community, 43% of those with both conditions had depression, compared with 22% of those with insomnia alone and 8% of those with sleep apnoea alone. The study also found that 6.7% of men in the community had undiagnosed sleep apnoea in combination with insomnia.
EurekAlert - 6/7/2017

Overweight Kids Pay a Heavy Social Price: They tend to have fewer friends, which can lead to depression and other emotional problems, researchers say
Overweight kids are excluded and ostracized by classmates in school more often than their thinner peers, new research indicates. Examining friendship dynamics among more than 500 preteens in the Netherlands, California researchers found that those who were overweight or obese were 1.7 times more likely to be disliked by their peers. Not surprisingly, the reverse was also true. Overweight or obese preteens were 1.2 times more likely to dislike their peers, the study revealed.
HealthDay - 6/7/2017

Exercise may help combat postpartum depression
An analysis of published studies indicates that physical exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period is a safe way to achieve better psychological well-being and to reduce postpartum depressive symptoms.
EurekAlert - 6/7/2017

Older adults under-referred for mental health therapies
A large research study from the Universities of Plymouth and Exeter has revealed that older people are not being referred for mental health support nearly as frequently as their younger counterparts despite achieving better outcomes when they are referred. The study is published today (Tuesday 6 June 2017) in the British Journal of General Practice.
University of Plymouth - 6/6/2017

How do signs of problem gambling differ in men and women?
Men and women experiencing problems with gaming machines (slot machines) display the same signs that their habit is out of control. However, the two sexes differ in how they handle the distress that accompanies their addiction. Women tend to be more emotional and more likely to cry or to look depressed when losing. Men may angrily channel their distress into striking or even kicking their gaming machine. These are the findings of researchers at the University of Adelaide, the Australian ...
Springer - 6/1/2017

Take control to become a better parent: Tantrums, picky eating and poor sleeping behavior in young children are all influenced by the control that parents feel they have on their own life
Most parents will agree that children present a never-ending series of behavioral challenges. Tantrums, picky eating and poor sleeping behavior are often cited as the more stressful part of raising a child. How parents deal with these challenges determines a child's physical, psychological and emotional development. But could something as simple as your outlook on life determine how you deal with and overcome these parenting challenges?
EurekAlert - 5/31/2017

Half of Adults With Anxiety or Depression Report Chronic Pain
In a survey of adults with anxiety or a mood disorder like depression or bipolar disorder, about half reported experiencing chronic pain, according to researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. The findings are published online in the Journal of Affective Disorders. "The dual burden of chronic physical conditions and mood and anxiety disorders is a significant and growing problem,” said Silvia Martins, MD, PhD, associate professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman ...
Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health - 5/31/2017

Depression risk following natural disaster can be predicted via pupil dilation
Pupil dilation could identify which individuals are at greatest risk for depression following disaster-related stress, and help lead to targeted interventions, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. Researchers at Binghamton University recruited 51 women who were living in the greater Binghamton, N.Y., area at the time of a catastrophic 2011 flood and who reported a life event indicating that they or their child had been impacted by the flood to ...
EurekAlert - 5/23/2017

City life could present psychosis risk for adolescents
Living in a city could significantly increase young people’s vulnerability to psychotic experiences, according to a new study from King’s College London and Duke University. Published today in Schizophrenia Bulletin, the study found that British adolescents raised in major cities in England and Wales were over 40 per cent more likely to report psychotic experiences (e.g. hearing voices and feeling extremely paranoid) than their rural counterparts. Neighbourhood conditions and crime were ...
King’s College London - 5/23/2017

Low Self-Esteem Partners Create Their Own Regret in Relationship Sacrifices
Low self-esteem partners can feel vulnerable in their relationship, including feeling insecure about their partner’s support and love. In a series of studies, social psychologists in the Netherlands show that people with low self-esteem end up regretting sacrifices they make in relationships because they do not feel appreciated or supported by their partner. The results appear in the journal, Social Psychological and Personality Science.
Society for Personality and Social Psychology - 5/18/2017

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