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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Feeling anxious? Blame the size of your waistline! New study links waist-to-height ratio to anxiety in middle-aged women
Anxiety is one of the most common mental health disorders, and it's more likely to affect women, especially middle-aged women. Although anxiety can be caused by many factors, a new study suggests that the amount of abdominal fat a woman has could increase her chances of developing anxiety. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) - 3/7/2018


New study finds couples do poorly at knowing when their partner is sad or feeling down: Spouses are the primary source of social support to one another, so it's important to their relationship they stay attuned to each other's emotions
How well do couples pick up on one another’s feelings? Pretty well, when the emotion is happiness, says a psychologist at Southern Methodist University, Dallas. But a new study finds that couples do poorly when it comes to knowing their partner is sad, lonely or feeling down. “We found that when it comes to the normal ebb and flow of daily emotions, couples aren’t picking up on those occasional changes in ‘soft negative’ emotions like sadness or feeling down,” said family psychologist ...
Southern Methodist University - 3/6/2018


People with depression have stronger emotional responses to negative memories
People with major depressive disorder (MDD) feel more negative emotion when remembering painful experiences than people without the disorder, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. The study reports that people with MDD were able to control the negative emotions about as well as people unaffected by MDD, but used somewhat different brain circuits to do so. The findings identify brain differences in MDD related to processing of ...
Elsevier - 3/6/2018


New research points to better way to treat depression
Scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered a new target for treating major depressive disorder, a disease that affects more than 16 million American adults. Their research shows that individuals with high levels of an enigmatic receptor called GPR158 may be more susceptible to depression following chronic stress. "The next step in this process is to come up with a drug that can target this receptor," says Kirill Martemyanov, PhD, co-chair of ...
ScienceDaily - 3/1/2018


Teachers and other school-based professionals can treat children's mental health problems: Broad evidence now supports the potential of school-based services for the treatment of a wide range of child mental health problems
School-based services delivered by teachers and other school-based professionals can help reduce mental health problems in elementary-aged children, reports a study published in the March 2018 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP). "Given the limited accessibility of traditional mental health services for children--particularly for children from minority and economically disadvantaged backgrounds--school-based mental ...
Elsevier - 3/1/2018


Moms who co-sleep beyond six months may feel more depressed, judged
Recent trends and popular advice telling moms not to sleep with their babies may make mothers who do choose to co-sleep with their infants more likely to feel depressed or judged, according to Penn State researchers. After analyzing moms’ sleeping patterns and feelings about sleep for the first year of their babies’ lives, the researchers found that mothers who were still co-sleeping— sharing either a room or bed — with their infants after six months were more likely to feel depressed, ...
Penn State - 2/28/2018


DASH-Style Diet Associated With Reduced Risk of Depression: Diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products
Eating a diet that emphasizes vegetables, fruit and whole grains may lead to a reduced risk of depression, according to a study by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. Study author Dr. Laurel Cherian will present a preliminary study abstract with these conclusions during the American Academy of Neurology’s annual meeting in April. Study participants who closely adhered to a diet similar to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet were less likely to develop ...
Rush University Medical Center - 2/26/2018


Microbiota-gut-brain axis is at epicenter of new approach to mental health
The functional gut microbiome provides an exciting new therapeutic target for treating psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and trauma-related conditions. Innovative methods for studying and intervening in gut microbiome composition and activity to treat mental illness and maintain mental health are presented in a timely review article that is part of the “Microbiome Special Issue: Food, Drugs, Diagnostics, and Built Environments” of OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, the ...
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News - 2/26/2018


Self-compassion may protect people from the harmful effects of perfectionism
Relating to oneself in a healthy way can help weaken the association between perfectionism and depression, according to a study published February 21, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Madeleine Ferrari from Australian Catholic University, and colleagues. Perfectionistic people often push themselves harder than others to succeed, but can also fall into the trap of being self-critical and overly concerned about making mistakes. When the perfectionist fails, they often experience ...
PLOS - 2/21/2018


Self-esteem key to treating mental health
Improving how mental health patients perceive themselves could be critical in treating them, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. The study found that youth with psychiatric disorders currently receiving inpatient services reported lower self-concept, particularly global self-worth, compared to those receiving outpatient services. "This was the first study that examined youth with psychiatric disorder by comparing what type of service they were receiving and whether that ...
University of Waterloo - 2/20/2018


How #MeToo, awareness months and Facebook are helping us heal
If we have learned anything on social media in 2017 it’s that everything isn’t okay. Far from it. But we are finally starting to talk about it — according to researchers at Drexel University who study our relationships with social network sites. Their latest work, an examination of how and why women decide to disclose pregnancy loss on Facebook, sheds light on a shift in our social media behavior that is making it easier for people to come forward and share their painful, personal and ...
Drexel University - 2/16/2018


Romantic relationships buffer gay and lesbian youth from emotional distress
Lesbian and gay youth showed significantly less psychological distress and were buffered against the negative effects of bullying and victimization when they were in a relationship than when they were not, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study conducted in collaboration with the University of Cincinnati. The finding is particularly important because prior research has not found a protective effect like this for support from parents and friends.
Northwestern University - 2/15/2018


Running helps the brain counteract negative effect of stress, study finds: Exercise protects vital memory and learning functions
Most people agree that getting a little exercise helps when dealing with stress. A new BYU study discovers exercise under stress also helps protect your memory. The study, newly published in the journal of Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, finds that running mitigates the negative impacts chronic stress has on the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for learning and memory.
Brigham Young University - 2/14/2018


Sibling bullying makes psychotic disorders three times more likely
People who were bullied by siblings during childhood are up to three times more likely to develop psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia in early adulthood, according to new research by the University of Warwick. Led by Professor Dieter Wolke (senior author) at Warwick's Department of Psychology, this is the first study to explore the relationship between sibling bullying and the development of psychotic disorders.
University of Warwick - 2/12/2018


Acne linked with increased risk of depression
In an analysis of one of the largest electronic medical records databases in the world, researchers found that patients with acne had a significantly increased risk of developing major depression, but only in the first 5 years after being diagnosed with acne. The British Journal of Dermatology analysis included data from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) (1986-2012), a large primary care database in the United Kingdom.
Wiley - 2/7/2018


Opioid Cessation May Be More Successful When Depression Is Treated
Opioid cessation in non-cancer pain may be more successful when depression is treated to remission, a Saint Louis University study shows. The study, "Impact of adherence to antidepressants and on long-term prescription opioid use" was published in the February issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry. Jeffrey Scherrer, Ph.D., professor of family and community medicine at Saint Louis University and his co-authors have found depression is a consequence of chronic opioid use.
Saint Louis University - 2/5/2018


Researchers find grape-derived compounds may promote resilience against depression
In a study to be published online February 2 in Nature Communications, scientists from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai describe an extensive analysis of novel grape-derived compounds, dihydrocaffeic acid (DHCA) and malvidin-3'-O-glucoside (Mal-gluc),which might be developed as therapeutic agents for the treatment of depression. The study results indicate that these natural compounds may attenuate depression by targeting newly discovered underlying mechanisms of the disease.
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine - 2/2/2018


Psychiatric medications are not overprescribed for kids, finds study
A new study at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) challenges the popular notion that psychiatric medications are overprescribed in children and adolescents in the U.S. When the researchers compared prescribing rates with prevalence rates for the most common psychiatric disorders in children, they discovered that some of these medications may be underprescribed.
Columbia University Medical Center - 1/29/2018


Only 1 in 10 patients with anxiety disorders receives the right treatment: The results obtained from a sample of 51,547 respondents suggest a need to improve both the recognition and treatment of anxiety disorders
The director of the Epidemiology and Public Health programme at the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM) and CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP) researcher, Jordi Alonso, was commissioned by the World Mental Health to lead an international study into the adequacy of anxiety disorder treatment across the globe. The results, from a sample of more than 51,500 individuals from 21 different countries, reveals that 10% of people suffer anxiety. Of these, only ...
IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute) - 1/23/2018


Short-course treatment for combat-related PTSD offers expedited path to recovery
Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be debilitating and standard treatment can take months, often leaving those affected unable to work or care for their families. But, a new study demonstrated that many PTSD sufferers can benefit from an expedited course of treatment. In the first study of its kind, Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy was found to be as effective when administered over two weeks as when it is provided over eight weeks for treating PTSD in active-duty ...
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - 1/23/2018


Increasing Number of Adolescents Receive a Psychiatric or Neurodevelopmental Diagnosis
According to a national register study comparing Finnish birth cohorts from 1987 and 1997, an increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis. The number of diagnosed adolescents increased especially for girls in the younger cohort. The results of the study conducted by the University of Turku and the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) were published in the Lancet Psychiatry journal.
University of Turku - 1/19/2018


Natural environments promote positive body image: New research shows powerful effect of green spaces
New research shows that the natural environment has a powerful effect on promoting positive body image - and you don't even have to set foot outdoors to experience the benefits. The research, published in the journal Body Image, involved five separate studies carried out by academics from Anglia Ruskin University, Perdana University in Malaysia, and University College London.
Anglia Ruskin University - 1/18/2018


Tracking the impact of early abuse and neglect: Study led by university researcher shows negative effects may persist into adulthood
Children who experience abuse and neglect early in life are more likely to have problems in social relationships and underachieve academically as adults. Maltreatment experienced before age 5 can have negative effects that continue to be seen nearly three decades later, according to a new study led by Lee Raby, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Utah. “It is not a controversial statement to say abuse and neglect can have harmful consequences,” Raby said.
University of Utah - 1/16/2018


No evidence to support link between violent video games and behavior
Researchers at the University of York have found no evidence to support the theory that video games make players more violent. In a series of experiments, with more than 3,000 participants, the team demonstrated that video game concepts do not 'prime' players to behave in certain ways and that increasing the realism of violent video games does not necessarily increase aggression in game players.
University of York - 1/16/2018


Flawed research methods exaggerate the prevalence of depression
The common practice of using patient self-report screening questionnaires rather than diagnostic interviews conducted by researchers has resulted in overestimates of the prevalence of depression, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.170691. "These studies misrepresent the actual rate of depression, sometimes dramatically, which makes it very difficult to direct the right resources to problems faced by patients," ...
Canadian Medical Association Journal - 1/15/2018


Teens who were severely bullied as children at higher risk of suicidal thoughts, mental health issue
Teens who were severely bullied as children by peers are at higher risk of mental health issues, including suicidal thoughts and behaviours, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). "Our findings showed a general tendency, in about 15% of the children, of being exposed to the most severe levels of victimization from the beginning of their education until the transition to high school," writes Dr. Marie-Claude Geoffroy, McGill Group for Suicide Studies, ...
Canadian Medical Association Journal - 1/15/2018


Here's how stress may be making you sick
A Michigan State University researcher is providing new insight into how certain types of stress interact with immune cells and can regulate how these cells respond to allergens, ultimately causing physical symptoms and disease. The federally funded study, published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, showed how a stress receptor, known as corticotropin-releasing factor, or CRF1, can send signals to certain immune cells, called mast cells, and control how they defend the body.
Michigan State University - 1/10/2018


Resolving to have a happier, healthier 2018? Reshape your body attitudes
Put together a list of New Year’s resolutions yet? Every year, many of us pledge to work harder at being healthy, losing weight or eating more veggies. A Nielsen survey showed about one-third of Americans resolved to shed a few pounds and reshape their bodies. Here’s a better resolution: Lose the critical thoughts about your body. That’s the advice of Florida State University Professor Pamela Keel. Her research team has tested a new program encouraging body acceptance and ...
Florida State University - 1/3/2018


Perfectionism among young people significantly increased since 1980s, study finds: Excessive desire to succeed, compete with others may have negative impact on youth psychological health
The drive to be perfect in body, mind and career among today's college students has significantly increased compared with prior generations, which may be taking a toll on young people's mental health, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. This study is the first to examine group generational differences in perfectionism, according to lead author Thomas Curran, PhD, of the University of Bath.
American Psychological Association - 1/2/2018


Getting the right treatment: Predicting treatment response in depression -- Antidepressants are not a one-size-fits-all pill
New evidence from mice suggests why an antidepressant treatment can alleviate depression in one person but not another. The study, publishing December 28 in the open access journal PLOS Biology, was led by Marianne Müller and an international team at the University Medical Center Mainz and the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry. The researchers developed a mouse model that allowed them to identify blood signatures associated with response to antidepressant treatment and ...
PLOS - 12/28/2017


Neuroscientists shed light on causes of postpartum depression using new research model
Postpartum depression strikes nearly one in five new mothers, who may experience anxiety, severe fatigue, inability to bond with their children and suicidal thoughts. Such depression has also been associated with infants' developmental difficulties. Although stress has been identified as a significant risk factor for postpartum depression, this complex disorder is still poorly understood. Now neuroscientists at Tufts University School of Medicine have generated a novel preclinical model of ...
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus - 12/26/2017


Helpful intestinal bacteria counteracts tendency to depression: Animal studies from Aarhus University indicate that certain lactic acid bacteria can prevent the type of depression which is linked to an unhealthy lifestyle
New research suggests that the micro-organisms known as probiotics, which are normally providing health benefits in the intestines, also have an affect on the brain, or as an actual study at Aarhus University has shown; protect against depression. In the animal study at the Department of Clinical Medicine at Aarhus University, rats were fed with an extra fatty and fiberless compound feed. Some of the rats simultaneously received a mix of micro-organisms, mostly in the form of lactic ...
Aarhus University - 12/22/2017


Singing in groups could make you happier – according to new research
Singing in groups could make you happier - according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). Researchers examined the benefits of singing among people with mental health conditions including anxiety and depression. They found that people who took part in a community singing group maintained or improved their mental health. And that the combination of singing and socialising was an essential part of recovery because it promoted an ongoing feeling ...
University of East Anglia - 12/21/2017


Coloring Books Make You Feel Better, But Real Art Therapy Much More Potent
A new study shows that while those adult coloring books can reduce stress, they’re still not art therapy. Often, the now-ubiquitous adult coloring books will advertise themselves as “art therapy.” But actual art therapists contend that such a claim is misleading, that true art therapy is about growth and relationships and not simply about “feeling better.”
Drexel University - 12/14/2017


Father's rejection may increase child's social anxiety, loneliness
Healthy relationships with their parents are vital for adolescents' development and well-being, according to Penn State researchers who say rejection from fathers may lead to increases in social anxiety and loneliness. The study -- conducted by Hio Wa "Grace" Mak, doctoral student of human development and family studies -- examined how parental rejection, as well as the overall well-being of the family unit, were related to changes in adolescents' social anxiety, friendships and feelings of ...
Penn State - 12/13/2017


The fear of losing control — and its role in anxiety disorders: Study findings may further treatment of OCD, panic attacks, social phobia and more
Did you lock the front door? Did you double-check? Are you sure? If this sounds familiar, perhaps you can relate to people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Help may be on the way. New Concordia research sheds light on how the fear of losing control over thoughts and actions impacts OCD-related behaviour, including checking. “We’ve shown that people who believe they're going to lose control are significantly more likely to exhibit checking behaviour with greater frequency,” says ...
Concordia University - 12/13/2017


Healthy eating linked to kids' happiness
Healthy eating is associated with better self-esteem and fewer emotional and peer problems, such as having fewer friends or being picked on or bullied, in children regardless of body weight, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. Inversely, better self-esteem is associated with better adherence to healthy eating guidelines, according to researchers from The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
BioMed Central - 12/13/2017


Depression’s causal mechanisms identified with new method
People with major depressive disorder have alterations in the activity and connectivity of brain systems underlying reward and memory, according to a new study by the University of Warwick. The findings provide clues as to which regions of the brain could be at the root of symptoms, such as reduced happiness and pleasure, or negative memories, in depression.
University of Warwick - 12/12/2017


Your mood depends on the food you eat, and what you should eat changes as you get older: Young adults and mature adults require different food to improve their mental health
Diet and dietary practices differentially affect mental health in young adults versus older adults, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. Lina Begdache, assistant professor of health and wellness studies at Binghamton University, along with fellow Binghamton researchers, conducted an anonymous internet survey, asking people around the world to complete the Food-Mood Questionnaire (FMQ), which includes questions on food groups that ...
Binghamton University - 12/11/2017


Understanding Mental Disorder through a Scientific Lens
Diagnosing mental-health issues may seem straightforward: Patients discuss their symptoms and a clinician matches those symptoms to a disorder and devises an appropriate treatment. In reality, this view belies the complexity inherent in understanding, classifying, and diagnosing psychiatric phenomena. Advances in clinical science over the past several decades have led to major improvements in how mental disorder is diagnosed and treated—millions of individuals now have ...
Association for Psychological Science - 12/7/2017



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