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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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How parenting affects antisocial behaviors in children: In a study of identical twins, the child who experienced harsher behavior and less parental warmth was more aggressive and exhibited more callous-unemotional traits
Less parental warmth and more harshness in the home environment affect how aggressive children become and whether they lack empathy and a moral compass, a set of characteristics known as callous-unemotional (CU) traits, according to findings from the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Michigan, and Michigan State University. The work was published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
University of Pennsylvania - 10/11/2018


Study firms up diet and depression link
Does fast food contribute to depression? Can a healthy diet combat mental illness? In an unusual experiment, James Cook University researchers in Australia have found that among Torres Strait Islander people the amount of fish and processed food eaten is related to depression. A JCU research team led by Professors Zoltan Sarnyai and Robyn McDermott looked at the link between depression and diet on a Torres Strait island, where fast food is available, and on a more isolated ...
James Cook University - 10/9/2018


Sexual harassment and assault linked to worse physical/mental health among midlife women
A new study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine suggests that experiences of sexual harassment and sexual assault could have a significant impact on the physical and mental health of midlife women. Study results, published today in JAMA Internal Medicine, also will be presented at the North American Menopause Society meeting on Friday, Oct. 5, 2018 in San Diego, CA. “When it comes to sexual harassment or sexual assault, our study shows that ...
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences - 10/3/2018


Opioid overdoses, depression linked
The link between mental health disorders and substance abuse is well-documented. Nearly one in 12 adults in the U.S is depressed, and opioid-related deaths are skyrocketing. As these numbers continue to climb, some mental health professionals have started to wonder if there’s a link between the two. According to a new study published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, the link is strong. “For every additional 1 percent of the population that has a depression diagnosis, ...
Purdue University - 10/3/2018


Low self-esteem connected to greater risk for opioid use: New research reveals life stressors most associated with increased risk for using opioids to cope
Health, family and romance problems appear to be the particular life stressors most associated with increased risk for using opioids to cope, and individuals with low self-esteem appear to be at risk for these connections, according to a new paper including researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York. The research team, which included Binghamton University graduate student Damla Aksen, surveyed 1,000-plus adults about five life stressors, self-esteem and ...
Binghamton University - 10/3/2018


Shedding light on new treatment options for perimenopausal depression and sleep problems: New study suggests efficacy of sleep and light therapy in improving mood and sleep by altering circardian rhythms and sleep/wake cycles
Light therapy has long been a recognized treatment option for depression. But can it help perimenopausal women struggling with depression and sleep problems as the result of hormone changes? A new study from the University of California suggests that it can by altering a woman's natural sleep/wake cycle. Preliminary study results will be presented during The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) Annual Meeting in San Diego, October 3-6, 2018.
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) - 10/3/2018


Talking with the doctor makes it easier to deal with grief and bereavement
In a comprehensive study, researchers from Aarhus University show that grieving patients who receive what is known as talk therapy at the general practitioner shortly after a relative's death, have a lower risk of suicide and psychiatric illness than others. Data from 207.000 million Danes is included in the register-based study, which can contribute to new practices in the preventative area. Losing a close family member is psychologically painful. In fact, it is so painful that the risk of ...
Aarhus University - 9/20/2018


Witnessing violence in high school as bad as being bullied
Students who witness violence in school at age 13 are at later risk of psycho-social and academic impairment at age 15, according to a new longitudinal study by researchers at Université de Montréal with colleagues in Belgium and France. In the study, published today in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Michel Janosz of UdeM's School of Psycho-Education and his international team looked at a stratified cohort of nearly 4,000 Quebec high-school students.
University of Montreal - 9/17/2018


Brief psychotherapy benefits women caring for children with severe health issues: Depression, sleep improve after CBT intervention
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improved the mental health of women overwhelmed by caring for children with severe chronic health conditions, researchers at the University of Louisville have found. After five therapy sessions, study participants reported significantly decreased depressive symptoms, negative thinking and chronic stressors, and experienced improved sleep quality, according to Lynne Hall, Dr.P.H., R.N., associate dean of research and professor at the UofL ...
University of Louisville - 9/14/2018


Religious upbringing linked to better health and well-being during early adulthood
Participating in spiritual practices during childhood and adolescence may be a protective factor for a range of health and well-being outcomes in early adulthood, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Researchers found that people who attended weekly religious services or practiced daily prayer or meditation in their youth reported greater life satisfaction and positivity in their 20s--and were less likely to subsequently have depressive symptoms, ...
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health - 9/14/2018


One in Three College Freshmen Worldwide Reports Mental Health Disorder: Students from 19 colleges in eight countries report symptoms consistent with psychological disorder, study says
As if college were not difficult enough, more than one-third of first-year university students in eight industrialized countries around the globe report symptoms consistent with a diagnosable mental health disorder, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. “While effective care is important, the number of students who need treatment for these disorders far exceeds the resources of most counseling centers, resulting in a substantial unmet need for mental ...
American Psychological Association - 9/13/2018


Widely used youth behavior treatment may be ineffective -- study
A long-established treatment used around the world to help troubled young people and their families tackle behavioural problems may not be as effective as its practitioners claim - a new study reveals. Functional Family Therapy (FFT) is a short-term, evidence-based intervention provided at over 270 sites worldwide - mostly within the US, but also in Belgium, Ireland, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the UK. Researchers at the University of Birmingham recommend ...
University of Birmingham - 9/11/2018


Emotional scars increase the risk of sports injury
Active top-flight athletes who have experienced sexual or physical abuse at some time in their life run a greater risk of sports-related injury. A new study from the Athletics Research Center at Linköping University in Sweden has shown an association between lifetime abuse experience and injury risk in female athletes. The study has been carried out on elite athletes in Sweden, and is the first of its kind to investigate the consequences of sexual and physical abuse for athletes.
Linköping University - 9/7/2018


Sexual violence haunts women with vivid memories decades later: Memories of sexual assault trigger more stress than other traumatic experiences, according to a new Rutgers-New Brunswick study
Women who are sexually assaulted experience more vivid memories than women coping with the aftermath of other traumatic, life-altering events not associated with sexual violence, according to a new Rutgers University–New Brunswick study. The research, published in Frontiers in Neuroscience, found that women who had suffered from sexual violence, even those who were not diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), had more intense memories – even years after ...
Rutgers University - 9/6/2018


Higher depression risk in young adulthood associated with autism spectrum disorders
Bottom Line: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), especially without an accompanying intellectual disability, were associated with greater risk for depression in young adulthood compared with the general population and siblings without ASD. Why The Research Is Interesting: Mental health problems, including depression, are considered common in people with ASD. Understanding depression in people with ASD is important because it can further reduce social function. The identification and ...
JAMA Network Open - 8/31/2018


Trends over 20 years in ADHD diagnoses among US children, adolescents
Bottom Line: Diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in U.S. children and adolescents appears to have become more common over 20 years, with an increase in estimated prevalence from 6.1 percent to 10.2 percent between 1997 and 2016, although the cause of this apparent uptick still needs to be better understood. Why The Research Is Interesting: Current estimates of the prevalence of ADHD and details on long-term trends are needed for research, clinical care and ...
JAMA Network Open - 8/31/2018


Children suffering from tics can be helped by both group and individual therapy
Therapy against tics works, and both group and individual treatment are suitable methods to achieve a good effect. This is the conclusion reached by a group of Danish researchers after comparing the effect of different types of tics training based on a new Danish manual. This means that therapists in future can plan a much better course of treatment for those children who experience a very difficult life with tics.
Aarhus University - 8/29/2018


Close ties with fathers help daughters overcome loneliness: Study examined changes in child loneliness over time
Fathers play a key role in helping their young daughters overcome loneliness, a new study has found. Researchers found that girls tended to report less loneliness as they went from first grade to fifth grade. But loneliness declined more quickly among girls who had a closer relationship with their fathers. “The bond between fathers and daughters is very important,” said Xin Feng, co-author of the study and associate professor of human sciences at The Ohio State University.
Ohio State University - 8/28/2018


Diet has bigger impact on emotional well-being in women than in men
Women may need a more nutrient-rich diet to support a positive emotional well-being, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University at New York. Mounting evidence suggests that anatomical and functional differences in men's and women's brain dictate susceptibility to mental disease. However, little is known about the role of dietary patterns in gender-specific psychological wellbeing. A team of researchers led by Lina Begdache, assistant professor of ...
Binghamton University - 8/27/2018


On-again, off-again relationships might be toxic for mental health: On-off relationships are associated with higher rates of abuse, poorer communication and lower levels of commitment
Sam and Diane from “Cheers.” Ross and Rachel from “Friends.” Carrie and Mr. Big from “Sex and the City.” These are just some of the notable on-again, off-again couples found in pop culture. While their relationships made for storylines that kept viewers entertained, a researcher from the University of Missouri says that the pattern of breaking up and getting back together can impact an individual’s mental health and not for the better. He suggests people in these kinds of relationships ...
University of Missouri-Columbia - 8/23/2018


Maternal depression may alter stress and immune markers in children
New research suggests that depression in women may affect their children's stress and physical well-being throughout life. For the Depression & Anxiety study, researchers followed 125 children from birth to 10 years. At 10 years, mothers' and children's cortisol (CT) and secretory immunoglobulin (s-IgA)--markers of stress and the immune system--were measured, mother-child interaction were observed, mothers and children underwent psychiatric diagnoses, and children's externalizing and ...
Wiley - 8/22/2018


Depressed teens, depressed parents: Treating depression in teens may benefit parents’ mental health, too, study finds
The bond between parent and child extends far beyond sharing similar looks or behaviors, as symptoms of depression in teens and parents appear to be linked, according to research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association. When a teen’s depression improved through treatment, so did depression experienced by his or her parent, according to Kelsey R. Howard, MS, of Northwestern University, who presented the findings.
American Psychological Association - 8/11/2018


New theory may explain cause of depression and improve treatments: A review of recent studies suggests mitochondria may be the root cause of depression, providing an opportunity for novel antidepressant medication
A new area in depression research suggests dysfunction in mitochondria -- the main source of energy for cells -- could lead to major depression. Published in Frontiers in Neuroscience, this new insight to long-held theories on the causes of depression could lead to the development of novel and more effective antidepressant drugs. Depression is a highly prevalent disorder affecting up to 20% of the population. It is commonly thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain, ...
Frontiers - 8/9/2018


Even men get the blues after childbirth: Postpartum depression as prevalent in new fathers as mothers, research says
When it comes to postpartum depression, most people think of the mother's well-being, but research suggests that a similar proportion of men experience some form of depression after the birth of a child, according to presentations at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association. "Much has been written about women's experiences of pregnancy and postpartum, most of it exploring negative reactions, ranging from clinical depression to postpartum psychosis, and ...
American Psychological Association - 8/9/2018


The Lancet Psychiatry: Exercise linked to improved mental health, but more may not always be better
A study of 1.2 million people in the USA has found that people who exercise report having 1.5 fewer days of poor mental health a month, compared to people who do not exercise. The study found that team sports, cycling, aerobics and going to the gym are associated with the biggest reductions, according to the largest observational study of its kind published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal. More exercise was not always better, and the study found that exercising for 45 minutes three ...
The Lancet - 8/8/2018


Is parental belief in importance of religion associated with lower risk of suicidal behavior in kids?
Bottom Line: Parents' belief in the importance of religion was associated with a lower risk for suicidal behavior by their children regardless of a child's own belief about the importance of religion and other known risk factors such as parental depression, suicidal behavior and divorce. Why The Research Is Interesting: About 12 percent of adolescents in the United States report having thoughts about attempting suicide, and suicide is a primary cause of death among females 15 to 19.
JAMA Psychiatry - 8/8/2018


Can we predict the long-term outcome of boys with ADHD?
A study published in the August 2018 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry(JAACAP) reports on a group of boys diagnosed with ADHD in childhood (when they were, on average, 8 years old) and followed into adulthood (when they were in their early 40s). The goal was to examine whether boys' characteristics in childhood and adolescence predicted their subsequent school performance, their work, and social adjustment.
Elsevier - 8/1/2018


Individual training of parents is best for small children with ADHD
A major research project from Aarhus University and the Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Risskov, in collaboration with the University of Copenhagen, University of Nottingham, UK and Kings College London is published August 1th in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The study highlights that individual behavioural treatment and support for parents who have preschool children with ADHD is significantly better than what is currently ...
Aarhus University - 8/1/2018


Positive messaging through social media could be a powerful tool to help people overcome non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), according to a new University of Guelph study
“Self-injury, including cutting and burning, is a serious public health concern around the world,” said Prof. Stephen Lewis, psychology professor and lead author of the study. While it affects people of all ages, self-injury is more prevalent among people from 14 to 24. Within that age range, up to one in five have engaged in self-injury. Published recently in the journal Digital Health, the study explores the use of positive messaging to encourage recovery. “We know that young people who ...
University of Guelph - 7/18/2018


Digital media use linked to behavioral problems in kids: Teens who frequently use smartphones and multimedia devices are more likely to develop ADHD symptoms
Are children who spend lots of time using digital devices prone to psychiatric problems? A team of USC scientists says yes in a new study that appears today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Teens who are heavy users of digital devices are twice as likely as infrequent users to show symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the study finds. The association is persistent as researchers tracked nearly 2,600 teenagers for two years.
University of Southern California - 7/17/2018


Algorithm Identifies Patients Best Suited for Antidepressants
McLean Hospital researchers have completed a study that sought to determine which individuals with depression are best suited for antidepressant medications. Their findings, published in Psychological Medicine on July 2, 2018, have led to the development of a statistical algorithm that identifies patients who may best respond to antidepressants—before they begin treatment.
McLean Hospital - 7/17/2018


Celebrating positives improves classroom behavior and mental health
Training teachers to focus their attention on positive conduct and to avoid jumping to correct minor disruption improves child behaviour, concentration and mental health. A study led by the University of Exeter Medical School, published in Psychological Medicine, analysed the success of a training programme called the Incredible Years® Teacher Classroom Management Programme. Its core principles include building strong social relationship between teachers and children, and ...
University of Exeter - 7/17/2018


PTSD rate among prison employees equals that of war veterans
Prison employees experience PTSD on par with Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans, a new study from a Washington State University College of Nursing researcher found. Working conditions in a prison can include regular exposure to violence and trauma, and threats of harm to the workers and their families. Previous studies have shown that prison workers have some of the highest rates of mental illness, sleep disorders and physical health issues of all U.S. workers. But the rate of PTSD ...
Washington State University - 7/13/2018


Living in areas with less sun may increase your risk of OCD
Living at higher latitudes, where there is also less sunlight, could result in a higher prevalence rate of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. "The results of this project are exciting because they provide additional evidence for a new way of thinking about OCD," said Meredith Coles, professor of psychology at Binghamton University. "Specifically, they show that living in areas with more sunlight is ...
Binghamton University - 7/10/2018


Parents who had severe stresses, trauma in childhood more likely to have kids with behavioral health problems
A new study finds that severe childhood trauma and stresses early in parents’ lives are linked to higher rates of behavioral health problems in their own children. The types of childhood hardships included divorce or separation of parents, death of or estrangement from a parent, emotional, physical or sexual abuse, witnessing violence in the home, exposure to substance abuse in the household or parental mental illness.
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences - 7/9/2018


What does fitness in midlife mean for depression, cardiovascular disease later in life?
A high level of fitness in midlife was associated with a lower risk of depression after age 65 and a lower risk of cardiovascular death, including after a diagnosis of depression.
JAMA Psychiatry - 6/27/2018


Don't let depression keep you from exercising
Exercise may be just as crucial to a depression patient's good health as finding an effective antidepressant. A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression.
UT Southwestern Medical Center - 6/27/2018


Study: Adolescents who consume a diet high in saturated fats may develop poor stress coping skills, signs of post-traumatic stress disorder as adults
A new study published in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity shows that adolescent rats who consume a diet high in saturated fats have a harder time coping with stress as adults. Moreover, researchers from Loma Linda University in California found that the areas of the brain that handle the fear/stress response were altered to the point that subjects began exhibiting behaviors that mirror post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center - 6/13/2018


Binging, purging and fasting more common in overweight, obese young adults: Asian/Pacific Islanders, sexual minorities also at increased risk for 'disordered eating,' study shows
Young adults who are overweight or obese are twice as likely as their leaner peers to binge and purge, use laxatives or diuretics, or force themselves to vomit as a means of controlling their weight, according to a new study led by UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals. These "disordered eating behaviors" put young people at risk for depression, alcohol and tobacco use, poor nutritional intake and significant weight gain over time, the researchers reported in their study, appearing in ...
University of California - San Francisco - 6/12/2018


Study: Today's dads are engaging more with their kids -- Fatherhood norms shifting alongside masculinity
Sociologists at BYU and Ball State have found that a majority of fathers today are relatively involved in their children’s lives. Whether it’s physically being there for a baseball game or piano recital, or emotionally being there to provide warmth or support in a tough time, there appears to be a shift in how fathers are viewing their roles. “We found that today’s dads spend more time, provide more care and are more loving toward their kids than ever before, ...
Brigham Young University - 6/12/2018



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