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Mental Health News Archive

» Mental Health Library » Mental Health News Archive
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Researchers find potential new predictor of stress-related illnesses
Many scientists believe that the tendency to develop stress-related disorders is an inherited trait or is the result of exposure to traumatic events. In this paper in Nature, scientists, including Douglas Williamson, Ph.D., from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, explain that a new factor -- that genes may change over time -- could cause depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and other stress-related illnesses.
EurekAlert - 8/3/2014


Extra Exercise Could Help Depressed Smokers Quit: Withdrawal symptoms, cravings are harder on people with mood disorders, researchers say
Quitting smoking is harder for people with depression, according to a new review. Depression can make it more difficult to ride out the anxiety, cravings or lack of sleep that come with trying to quit cold turkey, scientists found. But extra exercise -- even just a walk -- could help people quit faster, they said.
HealthDay - 7/29/2014


'Interreality' may enhance stress therapies
Using virtual reality to add “real world” challenges to psychotherapy sessions may enhance the treatment’s effect for people learning to cope with workplace stress, according to a small study from Italy. Researchers say the hybrid therapy known as “interreality” was more effective than traditional cognitive behavioral therapy, which is currently considered the gold standard for more serious anxiety or post traumatic stress disorders.
Reuters - 7/29/2014


Computerized ADHD testing: Innovative tool helps with diagnosis/tracking in both children and adults
A new technology can now be utilized on patients called the Quotient® ADHD Test. t is FDA-cleared for the objective measurement of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention, as an aid in the assessment of ADHD. ADHD is a common childhood condition characterized by more than normal difficulty with focus, behavior control, impulsivity and hyperactivity.
ScienceDaily - 7/25/2014


When it hurts to think we were made for each other
Psychologists observe that people talk and think about love in limitless ways but underlying such diversity are some common themes that frame how we think about relationships. For example, one popular frame considers love as perfect unity; in another frame, love is a journey. These two ways of thinking about relationships are particularly interesting because, according to a new study, they have the power to highlight or downplay the damaging effect of conflicts on ...
ScienceDaily - 7/24/2014


Background TV can be bad for kids
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study. Researchers found that background television can divert a child’s attention from play and learning. Regardless of family demographics, parenting can act as a buffer against the impacts of background TV, the research team found.
ScienceDaily - 7/24/2014


Wives with more education than their husbands no longer at increased risk of divorce
For decades, couples in which a wife had more education than her husband faced a higher risk of divorce than those in which a husband had more education, but a new study finds this is no longer the case. "Overall, our results speak against fears that women's growing educational advantage over men has had negative effects on marital stability," a co-author said. "Further, the findings provide an important counterpoint to claims that progress toward gender equality in ...
ScienceDaily - 7/24/2014


When it comes to depressed men in the military, does size matter?
Both short and tall men in the military are more at risk for depression than their uniformed colleagues of average height, a new study finds. This study was published today in the open access journal SAGE Open. Despite the researchers' original hypothesis that shorter men in the military would be more psychologically vulnerable than their taller counterparts, researchers Valery Krupnik and Mariya Cherkasova found that men both shorter and taller than average ...
EurekAlert - 7/23/2014


Controlling childbirth pain tied to lower depression risk: Severe pain during and post delivery linked to postpartum depression
Controlling pain during childbirth and post delivery is linked to reduced risk of postpartum depression, says a Northwestern perinatal psychiatrist, based on a new study. The study showed postpartum depression rates doubled for women without pain control. Significant numbers of women have acute and chronic pain related to childbirth and need to consult with their physician if pain continues for several months.
EurekAlert - 7/23/2014


Stress, depression may affect how the body processes fat
Stress and depression have long been linked with a heightened risk of weight gain, but a new study sheds light on how those mental states may alter the way the body processes fatty foods. Compared to women without stress in the study, stressed-out women burned both calories and fat more slowly for seven hours after eating the equivalent of an average fast-food burger meal. “Stress can promote weight gain by slowing your metabolism,” ...
Reuters - 7/16/2014


Poor sleep quality linked to lower physical activity in people with PTSD
A new study shows that worse sleep quality predicts lower physical activity in people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Results show that PTSD was independently associated with worse sleep quality at baseline, and participants with current PTSD at baseline had lower physical activity one year later. Further analysis found that sleep quality completely mediated the relationship between baseline PTSD status and physical activity at the one-year follow-up, ...
American Academy of Sleep Medicine - 7/16/2014


Eating disorders and depression in athletes: Does one lead to the other?
Sport is a proven contributor to high self-esteem, confidence, positive outlook and good health. It would be reasonable to assume then that athletes have higher than average protection from depression and dysfunctional eating? On the contrary, athletes are considered three times more likely to develop an eating disorder and there is strong empirical evidence linking eating disorders and depression. Previous research to determine causality between the ...
ScienceDaily - 7/15/2014


Study: Body Dysmorphic Disorder patients have higher risk of personal and appearance-based rejection sensitivity - Rejection sensitivities impact overall health and quality of life
In a recent study, researchers at Rhode Island Hospital found that fear of being rejected because of one's appearance, as well as rejection sensitivity to general interpersonal situations, were significantly elevated in individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). These fears, referred to as personal rejection sensitivity and appearance-based rejection sensitivity, can lead to diminished quality of life and poorer mental and overall health.
EurekAlert - 7/15/2014


The power of making amends
A new study reveals how conciliatory gestures promote human forgiveness. These findings show that peacemaking efforts such as apologies, offers of compensation and owning up to one's responsibility increase forgiveness -- and reduce anger -- by making the aggressor seem more valuable as a relationship partner and by causing the victim to feel less at risk of getting hurt again by the transgressor.
ScienceDaily - 7/14/2014


What drives a child to abuse alcohol? Researchers discover a variety of factors that determine, with 70 percent accuracy, which kids will become binge drinkers
By looking at 40 different factors in a 14 year old teens, including brain structure and function, personality, life experiences and genetics, researchers can predict with 70 percent accuracy who will go on to develop binge drinking within the next two years.
EurekAlert - 7/9/2014


Children of same-sex couples healthy, well-adjusted, study finds
Despite certain stereotypes, children of same-sex couples may enjoy equal or better health and well-being than kids in the general population, a new study suggests. Researchers found that children from same-sex families scored 6 percent better in terms of their general health, behavior and family cohesion than kids overall, in a survey conducted among families in Australia. On most health measures, including emotional behavior and physical functioning, kids from ...
CBS News - 7/7/2014


How you cope with stress may increase your risk for insomnia
A new study is the first to identify specific coping behaviors through which stress exposure leads to the development of insomnia. Results show that coping with a stressful event through behavioral disengagement – giving up on dealing with the stress – or by using alcohol or drugs each significantly mediated the relationship between stress exposure and insomnia development. Surprisingly, the coping technique of self-distraction – such as going to the movies or ...
American Academy of Sleep Medicine - 7/2/2014


Family worries can cause conflict at work
Worrying about family problems during work time increases conflict with work colleagues, which can lead to spousal arguments at home in the evening. "These findings may help us to better understand how family-work conflict affects our relationships with others both at work and at home and on a daily basis," said researchers.
ScienceDaily - 6/30/2014


Kids With ADHD More Likely to Abuse Drugs: But researchers also found that medications used to treat disorder not part of increased risk
Children suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more than twice as likely to try and abuse drugs, a new analysis finds. However, that does not mean that the medications that are prescribed to treat the most common childhood disorder in the United States play a part in that increased risk.
HealthDay - 6/30/2014


Potential drug target for PTSD prevention
Scientists at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University have identified a drug that appears to make memories of fearsome events less durable in mice. The finding may accelerate the development of treatments for preventing PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). The drug, called osanetant, targets a distinct group of brain cells in a region of the brain that controls the formation and consolidation of fear memories. The results were published in ...
Emory Health Sciences - 6/30/2014


Early life stress can leave lasting impacts on the brain
For children, stress can go a long way. A little bit provides a platform for learning, adapting and coping. But a lot of it — chronic, toxic stress like poverty, neglect and physical abuse — can have lasting negative impacts. A team of University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers recently showed these kinds of stressors, experienced in early life, might be changing the parts of developing children's brains responsible for learning, memory and the processing of stress and emotion.
EurekAlert - 6/27/2014


Veterans who identify as LGB could benefit from informed mental health services
In 2011, the United States Military repealed its “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy that prevented gay and lesbian service members from disclosing their sexual orientation. Current estimates indicate that more than 1 million veterans identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB). Now, a University of Missouri researcher says these service members and veterans often are marginalized and may benefit from mental health professionals, including social workers, who are informed about ...
University of Missouri-Columbia - 6/26/2014


Family dysfunction a strong predictor of emotional problems in children of cancer patients
A cancer diagnosis affects the whole family, and a significant number of children of cancer patients may be at risk for emotional and behavioral problems. A new analysis published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, suggests that family dysfunction may increase a child's risk of experiencing such problems after learning of a parent's illness.
EurekAlert - 6/23/2014


How New Grads Can Cope With Depression
Congratulations! You just graduated from college. No more papers. No more classes. No more exams. After celebrating with family and friends, you might be feeling on top of the world. Or not. Many young people experience panic or depression following college graduation, especially if they don’t have set employment plans. So if you find yourself without a job and are feeling down, realize you’re not alone. If your unemployment blues start affecting your daily life, ...
U.S. News & World Report - 6/20/2014


Benefits of PTSD treatment going unmeasured, says Institute of Medicine Report: Department of Defense and Veterans Administration lack effective systems to evaluate PTSD treatment effectiveness
A report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) finds that the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not measure the effectiveness of treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), calling into question millions of dollars spent to improve service members' mental health. The report also found that neither agency has kept pace with growing demand for PTSD treatment.
EurekAlert - 6/20/2014


Tiny Molecule Could Help Diagnose and Treat Mental Disorders
The Weizmann Institute’s Prof. Alon Chen, together with his then PhD student Dr. Orna Issler, investigated the molecular mechanisms of the brain’s serotonin system, which, when misregulated, is involved in depression and anxiety disorders. Chen and his colleagues researched the role of microRNA molecules (small, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate various cellular activities) in the nerve cells that produce serotonin. They succeeded in identifying, ...
Weizmann Institute of Science - 6/19/2014


Obsessing Over Your Relationship May Be Bad For Your Sex Life
People in relationships who constantly question whether their partner loves them, or whether they've found Mr. or Ms. Right, may have a condition known as relationship obsessive-compulsive disorder. Now, a new study finds that, perhaps not surprisingly, people with these symptoms may be less satisfied with their sex lives than those who don't have this condition.
Huffington Post - 6/18/2014


Diabetes distress vs. depression: Are people with type 2 being misdiagnosed?
Researchers have long understood there is a strong association between diabetes and depression. But new research shows that symptoms of depression in people with type 2 diabetes can be significantly reduced through interventions for 'diabetes distress,' suggesting that much of what is being labeled as depression may not be a co-morbid psychiatric disorder after all, but rather a reaction to living with a stressful, complex disease that is often difficult to manage.
ScienceDaily - 6/16/2014


Anxious children have bigger 'fear centers' in the brain
The amygdala is a key "fear center" in the brain. Alterations in the development of the amygdala during childhood may have an important influence on the development of anxiety problems, reports a new study in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry.
Elsevier - 6/16/2014


Signaling Pathway May Explain the Body Clock’s Link to Mental Illness
Alterations in a cellular signaling pathway called cAMP–CREB may help explain why the body clocks of people with bipolar disease are out of sync, according to a new European Journal of Neuroscience study.
Wiley - 6/16/2014


More U.S. Service Members in Treatment for Mental Health Disorders: Sept. 11, Afghanistan and Iraq wars, along with increased military outreach, linked to the rise
About 3.5 percent of U.S. military personnel were in treatment for mental health conditions in 2012 -- up from just 1 percent in 2000, a new military study finds. Experts said the rise is likely due to two factors: an actual increase in mental health disorders since Sept. 11, 2001, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq; as well as the military's efforts to get more soldiers into treatment.
HealthDay - 6/13/2014


PTSD, major depressive episode appears to increase risk of preterm birth
Diagnoses of both post-traumatic stress disorder and a major depressive episode appear to be associated with a sizable increase in risk for preterm birth that seems to be independent of antidepressant and benzodiazepine medication use.
ScienceDaily - 6/11/2014


Distance from conflict may promote wiser reasoning
If you're faced with a troubling personal dilemma, such as a cheating spouse, you may think about it more wisely if you consider it as an outside observer would, according to research. "These results are the first to demonstrate a new type of bias within ourselves when it comes to wise reasoning about an interpersonal relationship dilemma," says a psychology researcher.
University of Waterloo - 6/9/2014


A tiny molecule may help battle depression: Researchers find a small molecule that predicts treatment response for depressed patients
Levels of a small molecule found only in humans and in other primates are lower in the brains of depressed individuals, according to researchers at McGill University and the Douglas Institute. This discovery may hold a key to improving treatment options for those who suffer from depression.
EurekAlert - 6/8/2014


Argument with dad? Find friendly ears to talk it out, study shows
Adolescents' well-being can improve when conflicts with their father are adequately explained -- by mom, a friend or even dad himself. Adolescents who receive an reason for the father's behavior or a better understanding of who is at fault feel better about themselves and about dad as well. Those feelings about dad, in turn, are linked to a lower risk of depression for youth.
ScienceDaily - 6/6/2014


New findings out on brain networks in children at risk for mental disorders: Study shows children at risk for mental disorders experience communication breakdown in brain networks supporting attention
Attention deficits are central to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, and are thought to precede the presentation of the illnesses. A new study led by Wayne State University School of Medicine researcher Vaibhav Diwadkar, Ph.D. suggests that the brain network interactions between regions that support attention are dysfunctional in children and adolescents at genetic risk for developing schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
EurekAlert - 6/5/2014


Suicides More Likely After Midnight, Study Finds: Treating chronic insomnia may help reduce risk, researchers add
Suicides are more likely to occur during the dark hours between midnight and sunrise, a new study shows. The researchers said their findings have important implications for people with chronic insomnia that lasts for at least three months. This sleep disorder affects about 10 percent of adults. Treating insomnia may help lower suicide risk, the study authors said.
HealthDay - 6/3/2014


Nearly one in eight American children are maltreated before age 18
By the time they reach age 18, about 12 percent of American children experience a confirmed case of maltreatment in the form of neglect, physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, according to a new study. "Maltreatment is on the scale of other major public health concerns that affect child health and well-being," one researcher said. "Because child maltreatment is also a risk factor for poor mental and physical health outcomes throughout life, ...
ScienceDaily - 6/2/2014



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