Behavior therapy dampens Tourette tics
Behavior therapy can help some people with Tourette syndrome stifle their embarrassing and sometimes inappropriate tics, according to a new study of adults with the neurologic condition. "It really gives patients a wonderful alternative to medications," said Sabine Wilhelm, who directs the OCD and Related Disorders Program at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and led the study. "It is something that has created a lot of excitement in the field," ...
Reuters - 8/9/2012
Creatine aids women in outmuscling major depression
Women battling stubborn major depression may have a surprising new ally in their fight—the muscle-building dietary supplement creatine. In a new proof-of-concept study, researchers from three South Korean universities and the University of Utah report that women with major depressive disorder (MDD) who augmented their daily antidepressant with 5 grams of creatine responded twice as fast and experienced remission of the illness at twice the rate of ...
EurekAlert - 8/6/2012
Grateful Teens May Have Less Risk for Depression, Other Problems: Parents, teachers can help kids learn to identify good things in their lives, study says
For anyone raising teenagers, the idea of helping them feel grateful for everyday things may seem like a long shot; just getting them to mumble a "thank you" every now and then can be a monumental accomplishment. But a new study suggests that helping teens learn to count their blessings can actually play an important role in positive mental health. As gratitude increases, so do life satisfaction, happiness, positive attitudes, hope and even academic performance.
HealthDay - 8/6/2012
Living Without Lies Might Make You Healthier: Study found those who fibbed less had fewer headaches, less anxiety
For good health, be sure to eat fruits and vegetables, exercise regularly and lie as seldom as possible. A Notre Dame researcher is hoping this tongue-in-cheek advice will someday take hold, based on results of a "science of honesty" study she completed that showed tangible mental and physical health benefits among those who significantly reduced their everyday lies.
HealthDay - 8/4/2012
Exercise, meds both help depressed heart patients
People with heart disease who are also depressed may get as much relief from their depression symptoms with regular exercise as with medication, a new study suggests. Researchers found that of 101 heart patients with signs of depression, those who exercised for 90 minutes per week and those who started taking Zoloft both improved significantly compared to participants assigned to drug-free placebo pills.
Reuters - 8/1/2012
Signs of ADHD Evident by Preschool, Expert Says: Early identification improves odds for social, academic success
One out of 11 school-aged children is diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and up to 40 percent of those kids may display symptoms in preschool, an expert says. Recognizing and treating the disorder early is important because ADHD has a profound effect on learning and academic development, says Dr. Mark Mahone, director of the department of neuropsychology at Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore.
HealthDay - 8/1/2012
Even Mild Depression, Anxiety Hurts the Heart: The risk rises as chronic mental distress becomes more intense, study says
Even mild depression or anxiety may raise your risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and other causes, according to British researchers. And the greater the level of psychological distress, the higher the odds of death from heart disease, the researchers say.
HealthDay - 7/31/2012
Accelerated resolution therapy significantly reduces PTSD symptoms, researchers report
Researchers at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Nursing have shown that brief treatments with Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) substantially reduce symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) including, depression, anxiety, sleep dysfunction and other physical and psychological symptoms. The findings of this first study of ART appear in an on-line article published June 18, 2012 in the Journal Behavioral Sciences.
EurekAlert - 7/27/2012
'Macho' Men Do Worse in Couples When the Woman Earns More: Small study found men with less-traditional mindset had better-quality relationships
Having a female partner who earns more than they do can cause stress for men with traditional views of masculinity and lead to problems in their romantic relationships, according to a small new study. Researchers conducted an online survey with 47 men involved with women who had a higher income. The men were asked about their views on masculinity, the quality of their relationships and the importance of the difference in income between them and their ...
HealthDay - 7/27/2012
Yoga Reduces Stress; Now It's Known Why
Six months ago, researchers at UCLA published a study that showed using a specific type of yoga to engage in a brief, simple daily meditation reduced the stress levels of people who care for those stricken by Alzheimer's and dementia. Now they know why.
ScienceDaily - 7/25/2012
Late night TV/computer sessions linked to depression
Sitting in front of a computer or TV screen late into the night or leaving it on when you fall asleep could increase your chances of becoming depressed, according to a study by U.S. scientists. The study, by a team of neuroscientists at Ohio State University Medical Center partly funded by the U.S. Department of Defense, will give screen-addicted night owls pause for thought.
Reuters - 7/24/2012
Heavy Drinking in Pregnancy Linked to Host of Problems in Children: Even in kids without fetal alcohol syndrome, study found higher risk for mental abnormalities
Central nervous system abnormalities are common among children whose mothers drink large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy, a small new study finds. Most children exposed to large amounts of alcohol while in the womb do not go on to develop fetal alcohol syndrome. Diagnosis of this condition requires abnormalities in three areas: facial features, physical growth and the central nervous system. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and ...
HealthDay - 7/23/2012
Talk to Your Kids About the Colorado Killings: Mental health experts say children and teens need reassurance at times like this
As word spread Friday that a heavily armed man had shot up a suburban Denver movie theater crowded with families and children for a midnight showing of the new Batman movie, mental health experts offered guidance on how to cope with the tragedy.
HealthDay - 7/20/2012
Rutgers Study: Anxiety Disorders in Poor Mothers More Likely to be the Result of Poverty, not Mental Illness
Poor mothers are more likely to be classified as having the mental illness known as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) because they live in poverty – not because they are suffering from a psychiatric disorder, according to Rutgers researchers. Judith C. Baer, an associate professor in the School of Social Work, and her team, in the study, “Is it Generalized Anxiety Disorder or Poverty? An Examination of Poor Mothers and Their Children,” published online in ...
Emory University - 7/20/2012
Sleep deprivation may reduce risk of PTSD according to Ben-Gurion U. researchers
Sleep deprivation in the first few hours after exposure to a significantly stressful threat actually reduces the risk of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), according to a study by researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and Tel Aviv University.
EurekAlert - 7/18/2012
Physical health problems substantially increase use of mental health services, study shows
People who experience a physical health problem, from diabetes and back pain to cancer or heart disease, are three times more likely to seek mental health care than patients who report having no physical ailment, according to a new study by Oregon State University researchers. The study, which is now online in the journal Health Services Research, indicates there is a need for better-coordinated care between physical and mental health providers.
Oregon State University - 7/17/2012
Girls With Eating Disorders Regain Healthy Fatty Acid Levels When Their Weight Normalizes
A study of teenage girls with eating disorders has shown that reduced essential fatty acid levels returned to normal once the girls increased their weight to a healthy level. The research, published in the August issue of Acta Paediatrica, suggests that it is not necessary to give omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplements to adolescent girls with eating disorders.
ScienceDaily - 7/17/2012
In the Age of Anxiety, are we all mentally ill?
When Cynthia Craig was diagnosed with postpartum depression eight years ago, she told her family doctor she felt anxious about motherhood. She wondered whether she had made a catastrophic mistake by quitting her job, whether she could cope with the long, lonely hours stay-at-home mothers face - and even whether she should have had children. "Anxiety is something I have always had, especially during times of change," said Craig, 40, who ...
Reuters - 7/13/2012
Phobic Anxiety May Link to Premature Aging: But the association doesn't prove that stress causes your chromosomes to deteriorate, researchers say
People suffering from a common form of psychological stress known as phobic anxiety may also experience premature aging, new research suggests. For the study, scientists looked at telomere length in more than 5,200 women, aged 42 to 69. Telomeres are structures that protect the ends of chromosomes from deterioration. Shortened telomeres have been linked to an increased risk of cancer, heart disease, dementia and death.
HealthDay - 7/13/2012
Evidence Supports Health Benefits of 'Mindfulness-Based Practices'
Specific types of "mindfulness practices" including Zen meditation have demonstrated benefits for patients with certain physical and mental health problems, according to a report in the July Journal of Psychiatric Practice. "An extensive review of therapies that include meditation as a key component -- referred to as mindfulness-based practices -- shows convincing evidence that such interventions are effective in the treatment of psychiatric symptoms and ...
ScienceDaily - 7/11/2012
'Facebook depression' is disputed by study
A study released today is the first to dispute a warning by the American Academy of Pediatrics that exposure to Facebook could lead to depression. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin found no link between social media use and the likelihood of depression. Led by Lauren Jelenchick and Dr. Megan Moreno, the team surveyed 190 University of Wisconsin-Madison students between the ages of 18 and 23.
MSNBC - 7/11/2012
Aging Boomers' Mental Health Woes Will Swamp Health System: U.S. not equipped to handle growing number of seniors with mental health, substance use issues, researchers say
The United States faces an unprecedented number of aging baby boomers with mental health or substance use issues, a number so great it could overwhelm the existing health care system, a new report warned Tuesday. "The report is sufficiently alarmist," said Dr. Gary Kennedy, director of geriatric psychiatry at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. "I think [the report authors] are right."
HealthDay - 7/10/2012
Selflessness Can Threaten Clergy Members' Health: Ministering to others linked to above-average rates of depression, chronic diseases, study shows
The tendency of clergy to put others' needs ahead of their own may take a toll on their health, according to a new study. Researchers from Duke University said chronic diseases and depression are more prevalent among clergy than lay people. Encouraging them to seek medical care is difficult because they focus on helping others first, the study authors said.
HealthDay - 7/10/2012
U.S. High Schools Lax in Preventing Dating Abuse: Study
Although dating violence is a recognized problem for U.S. teens, a majority of high school counselors say their school provides no training or guidelines for dealing with abusive romantic relationships, a new study finds. Prior research has found that between 10 percent and 30 percent of teens have been physically hurt by a boyfriend or girlfriend, according to background information in the study. And dating abuse has been linked to suicidal thoughts, weight ...
HealthDay - 7/9/2012
Two thirds 'turn to drink' to relax in the evening
Almost two-thirds of people rely on alcohol to relax in the evenings, the charity Drinkaware has warned. A poll of 2,000 adults aged 30-45 carried out by ICM found 44% drank all or most - and a third think about having a swift drink before they even get home. Stress - and bad days at work - were the most common reasons for drinking. Experts from Drinkaware warned that alcohol might appear to aid stress - but often made things worse.
BBC News - 7/6/2012
Report Calls for Counseling Guidelines for Treating Transgender People: Those with diagnosis believe their body doesn't reflect their true gender
Psychiatrists who see transgender patients need specific guidelines to help determine the best course of treatment, according to new report from the American Psychiatric Association. The American Psychiatric Association Task Force on Treatment of Gender Identity Disorder also calls for the psychiatrists' group to clarify its position on the health care and civil rights of people who are transgender or transitioning gender, meaning they are in the process of ...
HealthDay - 7/6/2012
Does Being an Intense Mother Make Women Unhappy?
Does being an intense mother make women unhappy? According to a new study by Kathryn Rizzo and colleagues, from the University of Mary Washington in the US, women who believe in intensive parenting -- i.e., that women are better parents than men, that mothering should be child-centred, and that children should be considered sacred and are fulfilling to parents -- are more likely to have negative mental health outcomes.
ScienceDaily - 7/5/2012
Spanking Batters Kids' Mental Health: Physical punishment linked to mental health disorders, substance abuse in adulthood
Spanking or slapping your children may increase the odds that they will develop mental health issues that plague them in adulthood, a new study suggests. Researchers in Canada found that up to 7 percent of a range of mental health disorders were associated with physical punishment, including spanking, shoving, grabbing or hitting, during childhood.
HealthDay - 7/2/2012
Dangerous Rage May Be Common Among U.S. Teens: Condition called intermittent explosive disorder is underdiagnosed, undertreated, experts say
Almost two-thirds of U.S. teens have had an anger attack so severe they have destroyed property, or threatened or attacked another person, a new study finds. When these attacks persist, the syndrome can be considered intermittent explosive disorder. One in 12 U.S. teens may have the condition, which usually surfaces in late childhood, the researchers say.
HealthDay - 7/2/2012
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Effective in Combatting Anxiety Disorders, Study Suggests
Whether it is a phobia like a fear of flying, public speaking or spiders, or a diagnosis such as obsessive compulsive disorder, new research finds patients suffering from anxiety disorders showed the most improvement when treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in conjunction with a "transdiagnostic" approach -- a model that allows therapists to apply one set of principles across anxiety disorders.
ScienceDaily - 6/29/2012
40 Million Americans Addicted to Cigarettes, Alcohol or Drugs: About 16 percent of Americans aged 12 and older are hooked
About 40 million Americans are addicted to cigarettes, alcohol or drugs, new research finds. That represents about 16 percent of the U.S. population aged 12 and older. Another 80 million people -- 32 percent of the population -- are "risky" substance users, defined as using substances in a way that threatens health and safety.
HealthDay - 6/28/2012
What's the best way to treat problem alcohol use? Scientists weigh the evidence in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
Scientists from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have released comprehensive reviews of the most effective treatments for alcohol dependence, one of the most prevalent addictions in Canada. Published in the latest edition of the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, the reviews explore the most effective treatments and interventions for problem alcohol use and concurrent disorders. Almost 40 per cent of people with an alcohol use problem ...
EurekAlert - 6/26/2012
Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression
Women with moderate to severe depression had substantial improvement in their symptoms of depression after they received treatment for their vitamin D deficiency, a new study finds. The case report series was presented June 23 at The Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. Because the women did not change their antidepressant medications or other environmental factors that relate to depression, the authors concluded that ...
ScienceDaily - 6/25/2012
Active, Outdoor Teens Are Happier Teens: And those who spend more time indoors in front of screens are more likely to feel lonely, shy
Teens who engaged in more moderate-to-vigorous outdoor activity reported better health and social functioning than their peers who spent hours in front of television and computer screens, a new study in Australia has found. The teens who had the highest perceived health in the study spent an average of 2.5 hours more per day playing sports or doing other high-intensity activity than their least-active counterparts, according to the researchers.
HealthDay - 6/22/2012
Money Really Can't Buy Happiness, Study Finds: Happiness tied to respect, influence, not wealth
Contrary to popular belief, happiness in life has more to do with respect and influence than status or wealth, according to a new study. Researchers said one possible reason money doesn't buy happiness is that people may get used to their higher income, but they never tire of being admired by others. The study recently appeared online in Psychological Science.
HealthDay - 6/22/2012
South African daffodils may be a future cure for depression
Scientists have discovered that plant compounds from a South African flower may in time be used to treat diseases originating in the brain – including depression. At the University of Copenhagen, a number of these substances have now been tested in a laboratory model of the blood-brain barrier. The promising results have been published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.
University of Copenhagen - 6/22/2012
Eating Disorder Behaviors and Weight Concerns Are Common in Women Over 50
Eating disorders are commonly seen as an issue faced by teenagers and young women, but a new study reveals that age is no barrier to disordered eating. In women aged 50 and over, 3.5% report binge eating, nearly 8% report purging, and more than 70% are trying to lose weight. The study published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders revealed that 62% of women claimed that their weight or shape negatively impacted on their life.
ScienceDaily - 6/21/2012
Blogging Relieves Stress On New Mothers
New mothers who read and write blogs may feel less alone than mothers who do not participate in a blogging community, according to family studies researchers. "It looks like blogging might be helping these women as they transition into motherhood because they may begin to feel more connected to their extended family and friends, which leads them to feel more supported," said Brandon T. McDaniel, graduate student in human development and ...
ScienceDaily - 6/19/2012
Loneliness, Living Alone Might Shorten Life: Studies suggest doctors should ask patients about support systems
They say that one is the loneliest number, but it might also be the deadliest. Two new studies suggest that living alone or being lonely can raise a person's risk of dying from heart disease or any cause. In one study, people with heart disease who lived alone were more likely to die than their counterparts who did not. A second report showed that people aged 60 or older were at an increased risk of functional decline and/or death if they felt left out, isolated or ...
HealthDay - 6/18/2012
Freud's theory of unconscious conflict linked to anxiety symptoms in new U-M brain research: Link between unconscious conflicts and conscious anxiety disorder symptoms shown, lending empirical support to psychoanalysis
An experiment that Sigmund Freud could never have imagined 100 years ago may help lend scientific support for one of his key theories, and help connect it with current neuroscience.
EurekAlert - 6/18/2012