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Teenagers who access mental health services see significant improvements, study shows
Young people with mental health problems who have contact with mental health services are significantly less likely to suffer from clinical depression later in their adolescence than those with equivalent difficulties who do not receive treatment, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. This comes as Prime Minister Theresa May announced measures to improve mental health support at every stage of a person’s life, with an emphasis on early intervention for ...
University of Cambridge - 1/19/2017
Mothers of socially anxious children take involvement to the next level: Overinvolvement by mothers may lead a child to constantly expect a threatening environment
When mothers of children with social anxiety disorder try to support their children, it often backfires. The results of an experiment involving building difficult puzzles indicate that, even at home, mothers of children with the disorder are more involved with their offspring than mothers of healthy control children. These findings indicate behavioral control on the part of the mother, says Julia Asbrand of the Institute of Psychology in Freiburg, Germany, in Springer’s journal Cognitive ...
Springer - 1/18/2017
New avenue for anti-depressant therapy discovered
Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. In so doing, they identified a new molecule that alleviates anxiety and depressive behaviour in rodents. The research, led by Eleanor Coffey, Research Director at Åbo Akademi University in Finland is a collaborative effort between scientists in Finland and the US.
EurekAlert - 1/18/2017
Study reveals for first time that talking therapy changes the brain's wiring
A new study from King’s College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust has shown for the first time that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strengthens specific connections in the brains of people with psychosis, and that these stronger connections are associated with long-term reduction in symptoms and recovery eight years later.
CBT – a specific type of talking therapy – involves people changing the way they think about and respond to their ...
King’s College London - 1/17/2017
Eating disorders are affecting more UK women in their 40s and 50s
In a UK study of 5,320 women, 3% were found to have an active eating disorder in mid-life, a figure higher than expected as eating disorders are primarily associated with adolescence or early adulthood. The research was published in the open access journal BMC Medicine. This is the first time the prevalence of eating disorders has been investigated in a population sample of women in the fourth and fifth decade of life and the researchers were surprised to find that eating disorders ...
EurekAlert - 1/16/2017
Treatment strategy provides mental health benefits to war trauma survivors
A study shows that a certain intervention called testimony therapy plus ceremony reduced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among Khmer Rouge torture survivors from across Cambodia. Testimony therapy included individual counselling, whereby the clients told their life stories, including traumatic events, and counselors provided support and documented the details of the narratives. After sessions, the counselors transcribed the narratives ...
EurekAlert - 1/13/2017
In Teens, Strong Friendships May Mitigate Depression Associated With Excessive Video Gaming
Teenagers who play video games for more than four hours a day suffer from symptoms of depression, but frequent use of social media and instant messaging may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in these teens, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests. The findings, scheduled for publication in the March 2017 issue of the journal Computers in Human Behavior, suggest that while heavy gaming, particularly in boys, can be viewed as a ...
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health - 1/12/2017
Counseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reports
A review of 207 studies involving more than 20,000 people found that those who engaged in therapeutic interventions were, on average, significantly less neurotic and a bit more extraverted after the interventions than they were beforehand. The review, reported in the journal Psychological Bulletin, challenges the idea that personality traits are established at birth or in childhood and remain static ever after, said University of Illinois psychology professor Brent Roberts, who led the ...
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - 1/6/2017
Identifying children at risk of eating disorders is key to saving lives
Spotting eating disorder symptoms in children as young as nine years old will allow medics to intervene early and save lives, experts say. A team from Newcastle University has identified that girls and boys with more eating disorder symptoms at age nine also had a higher number of symptoms at age 12. A new study published in the academic journal, Appetite, reveals the need to treat eating disorder problems as early as possible to help prevent children developing the life-threatening ...
Newcastle University - 1/5/2017
Making New Year's Resolutions That Last: Think small, manageable goals -- not sweeping lifestyle changes, psychologists advise
Though made with the best of intentions, most New Year's resolutions last about as long as the bubbles in leftover champagne. That's why experts from the American Psychological Association (APA) suggest planning manageable positive lifestyle changes for the new year instead of major life overhauls that set you up for disappointment. "Setting small, attainable goals throughout the year -- instead of a singular, overwhelming goal on January 1 -- can help you reach whatever it is ...
HealthDay - 12/30/2016
New Research Links Social Media Usage to Depression
During the holiday season, it’s common for social media fundies to post reels of photos highlighting their trip abroad for all their ‘friends’ to absorb. This affirmation triggers a release of dopamine. The natural ‘Reward-Molecule’ comes when the one who posted receives approval such as a ‘like’ or a comment, according to a study done by San Francisco-based media buying firm, RadiumOne. However, not much research exists about the viewer of these posts. For those on the receiving end ...
Interesting Engineering - 12/29/2016
The late effects of stress: New insights into how the brain responds to trauma
A new study has shown how a single instance of severe stress can lead to delayed trauma. A stressful incident can lead to increased electrical activity in a brain region known as the amygdala. This activity is delayed and is dependent on a molecule known as the N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor (NMDA-R), a protein on nerve cells known to be crucial for memory functions.
ScienceDaily - 12/28/2016
Is there such a thing as an emotional hangover? NYU researchers find that there is
Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. This study, which appears in the journal Nature Neuroscience, also shows that this emotional "hangover" influences how we attend to and remember future experiences. "How we remember events is not just a consequence of the external world we experience, but is also strongly ...
EurekAlert - 12/26/2016
Feeling blue? Taking a break from Facebook might help
A new study shows that regular use of social networking such as Facebook can negatively affect your emotional well-being and satisfaction with life. But you don't have to quit Facebook altogether; simply changing your social networking behavior and taking an occasional break from Facebook may lift your spirits, according to the study published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
EurekAlert - 12/20/2016
A cure for social anxiety disorders: Cognitive therapy shown to be most effective treatment
Social phobia is the most common anxiety disorder of our time. But the current treatment regimen for patients with this diagnosis has not proven very effective. Now NTNU researchers believe they have found a cure for social anxiety disorders. “We’ve set a new world record in effectively treating social anxiety disorders,” says Hans M. Nordahl, a professor of behavioural medicine at NTNU. He has led a project with a team of doctors and psychologists from NTNU and the ...
Norwegian University of Science and Technology - 12/16/2016
Child Abuse Cases in Army Families May Be Under-Reported: Some kids 'are falling through the cracks of a broken system,' researcher says
Child abuse within U.S. Army families may be significantly under-reported, a new study suggests. Researchers found that only one-fifth of diagnosed child abuse and neglect cases among U.S. Army-dependent children from 2004 to 2007 had a substantiated report with the Army's Family Advocacy Program (FAP). The program is responsible for investigating and treating child abuse. That's less than half the rate (44 percent) of child abuse cases substantiated by civilian Child Protective ...
HealthDay - 12/14/2016
Pessimists – You Aren’t Alone in Feeling Down: New study by UC Riverside psychology professor proves that even optimists get the blues
Waiting for those tests results? Waiting to hear who won the election? And while waiting, does the feeling of dread start to creep in? Turns out, as the moment of uncertain news draws nearer and nearer, bracing for the worst comes as second nature to optimists and pessimists alike. In a new study called “Even Optimists Get the Blues: Inter-Individual Consistency in the Tendency to Brace for the Worst,” published in the Journal of Personality, Kate Sweeny, psychology professor ...
University of California, Riverside - 12/13/2016
Sleep helps process traumatic experiences
If we sleep in the first 24 hours after a traumatic experience, this helps pigeonhole and process the distressing memories more effectively, as researchers from the University of Zurich and the Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich demonstrate in a new study. Sleep could thus be used as an early prevention strategy for posttraumatic stress disorders.
University of Zurich - 12/13/2016
Type of psychotherapy matters in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
Previous studies have found that, on average, psychotherapy is just as effective as medications in reducing the severity of symptoms of this gastrointestinal disorder and the type of psychotherapy did not seem to matter. Now, psychologists at Vanderbilt University have looked at different types of psychotherapy to determine which is best at improving the ability of IBS patients to participate in daily activities. They found that one form, called cognitive behavior therapy, was the most ...
ScienceDaily - 12/12/2016
Emerging Trends in Alcohol Binge and Use Disorders Among Older Adults: The evidence of increased unhealthy alcohol use among older adults cannot be ignored
Alcohol is the most commonly used psychoactive substance among older adults, and this group can have unique risks associated with alcohol consumption—in even lower amounts—compared to younger persons. “Older adults have particular vulnerabilities to alcohol due to physiological changes during aging, including increasing chronic disease burden and medication use,” said Benjamin Han, MD, MPH, a geriatrician and health services researcher at the Center for Drug ...
New York University - 12/12/2016
Shooting, gang violence exposure leads to PTSD: Strong correlation between PTSD symptoms and severe depression
The violence that women in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience and witness can result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and full diagnoses, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study that examined a disadvantaged Chicago neighborhood. Also noteworthy, women with PTSD diagnosis or sub-threshold PTSD had significantly more severe depression symptoms than women in the study who didn’t report experiencing trauma. Every woman who ...
Northwestern University - 12/8/2016
Drug Use Strong Predictor for Postpartum Mental Health Problems
New research from North Carolina State University and the University of British Columbia finds that a woman’s lifetime history of drug use can help predict whether the woman will suffer from problems with stress and anxiety after childbirth. The finding could help health-care providers screen pregnant women for mental health problems and provide relevant treatment. “There’s been a lot of attention recently on the need to incorporate mental health screening into prenatal care, and it ...
North Carolina State University - 12/8/2016
Comparing yourself with others on Facebook is more likely to lead to feelings of depression than making social comparisons offline, investigators report
Comparing yourself with others on Facebook is more likely to lead to feelings of depression than making social comparisons offline. That's one of the findings from a review of all the research on the links between social networking and depression by David Baker and Dr Guillermo Perez Algorta from Lancaster University. They examined studies from 14 countries with 35,000 participants aged between 15 and 88. There are among 1.8 billion people on online social networking sites ...
ScienceDaily - 11/28/2016
Depression in young people affects the stomach, anxiety the skin
Mental disorders and physical diseases frequently go hand in hand. For the first time, psychologists at the University of Basel and Ruhr University Bochum have identified temporal patterns in young people: arthritis and diseases of the digestive system are more common after depression, while anxiety disorders tend to be followed by skin diseases. Physical diseases and mental disorders affect a person's quality of life and present a huge challenge for the healthcare system.
EurekAlert - 11/24/2016
Active-duty military find PTSD relief through individual cognitive therapy: One-on-one therapy eliminated PTSD diagnoses for almost half of trial participants
Although both group and individual therapy can ease post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in active-duty military service members, individual therapy relieved PTSD symptoms better and quicker, according to a study led by a Duke University School of Medicine researcher. The randomized clinical trial is the largest to date to examine an evidence-based treatment for active-duty military service members, with 268 participants from the U.S. Army's Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas.
EurekAlert - 11/23/2016
Everyday creative activity may lead to an "upward spiral" of increased wellbeing and creativity in young adults, new research suggests
In their study, Department of Psychology researchers asked 658 university students to keep a daily diary of their experiences and emotional states over 13 days. After analysing the diaries the researchers, led by Dr Tamlin Conner, found a pattern of the participants feeling more enthusiasm and higher "flourishing" than usual following days when they were more creative. Flourishing is a psychological concept that can be described as increasing positive growth in oneself.
ScienceDaily - 11/23/2016
Fear of the unknown common to many anxiety disorders
Several anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias, share a common underlying trait: increased sensitivity to uncertain threat, or fear of the unknown, report researchers. The finding could help steer treatment of these disorders away from diagnosis-based therapies to treating their common characteristics.
ScienceDaily - 11/18/2016
Neighborhoods May Be Key to Teens' Mental Well-Being: When neighbors look out for others' kids, children have better emotional health, study finds
Teenagers living in cohesive neighborhoods -- where trusted neighbors get involved in monitoring each other's children -- experience fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety, a new study suggests. The researchers also found consistent results across different cities regardless of family composition and neighborhood income, indicating strong neighborhoods help teen mental health across various populations.
HealthDay - 11/18/2016
The key to a better mood for young men is a nut: Professor says nutrient-dense walnut a must for disposition
College can be a stressful time for young adults as they figure out how to manage intense daily routines that include work, study and play. Eat well, exercise and get plenty of sleep is a familiar mantra to alleviate this stress, but now with the results of his latest study, UNM Nutrition Professor Peter Pribis is able to tell college students that walnuts could be a key to a happier state-of-mind. In this first intervention study in humans, Pribis measured the effect of walnut consumption ...
University of New Mexico - 11/18/2016
Scientists Explore How Nutrition May Feed Mental Health
Good nutrition has long been viewed as a cornerstone of physical health, but research is increasingly showing diet’s effect on mental health, as well. A special section in Clinical Psychological Science highlights the different approaches that psychology researchers are taking to understand the many ways in which nutrition and mental health intersect.
Association for Psychological Science - 11/17/2016
Marijuana could help treat drug addiction, mental health
Using marijuana could help some alcoholics and people addicted to opioids kick their habits, a UBC study has found. "Research suggests that people may be using cannabis as an exit drug to reduce the use of substances that are potentially more harmful, such as opioid pain medication," says the study's lead investigator Zach Walsh, an associate professor of psychology at UBC's Okanagan campus.
EurekAlert - 11/16/2016
Depression rates growing among adolescents, particularly girls: Study shows 1 in 6 girls report experiencing an episode of clinical depression over previous year
The rate of adolescents reporting a recent bout of clinical depression grew by 37 percent over the decade ending in 2014, with one in six girls reporting an episode in the past year, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests. The findings, published online Nov. 14 in the journal Pediatrics, highlight a need to focus on the mental well-being of young people and match those in peril with mental health professionals.
EurekAlert - 11/15/2016
Self-Harm a Cause of Death During Pregnancy and for New Moms: Suicide, overdoses are occurring when expecting and in first year of motherhood; depression a likely factor, study finds
In the past decade, "self-harm" has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado, a new study finds. Of all 211 maternal deaths in Colorado between 2004 and 2012, 30 percent were attributed to self-harm. That included suicides and drug overdoses -- most often in the year after a woman gave birth. Self-harm was the most common cause of maternal deaths -- ahead of car accidents, medical conditions and homicide, the researchers said.
HealthDay - 11/8/2016
Cannabis abuse possible cause of psychosis: The risk of developing psychosis is more than tripled for those who abuse cannabis, according to results from a new twin study
Researchers from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), together with colleagues from Virginia Commonwealth University, examined the relationship between cannabis and psychosis using psychiatric interviews of Norwegian twins. The interviews reveal whether the twins had symptoms of psychosis and cannabis abuse. "Previous research has shown that patients with psychotic disorders use cannabis more often than the general population. However research has been divided ...
ScienceDaily - 11/8/2016
Parents Often Miss Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Kids: Signs may include nightmares, avoiding reminders of the trauma, feeling unsafe, researchers find
Parents often fail to recognize post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) in young children, a new British study says. "When people talk about PTSD they often think about soldiers returning from war zones. But children who experience traumatic events such as car accidents, assaults and natural disasters are also at risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder," said lead researcher Richard Meiser-Stedman, from Norwich Medical School at the University of East Anglia.
HealthDay - 11/8/2016
Brains of those with anorexia and bulimia can override urge to eat
Scientists at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have discovered the neurological reasons why those with anorexia and bulimia nervosa are able to override the urge to eat. In a study published last week in the journal Translational Psychiatry, the researchers showed that normal patterns of appetite stimulation in the brain are effectively reversed in those with eating disorders.
EurekAlert - 11/7/2016
Individuals’ Well-Being Linked With When and How They Manage Emotions
Reframing how we think about a situation is a common strategy for managing our emotions, but a new study suggests that using this reappraisal strategy in situations we actually have control over may be associated with lower well-being. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. “Our results caution against a ‘one strategy fits all’ approach, which may be tempting to recommend based on many previous findings regarding ...
Association for Psychological Science - 11/2/2016
Sunshine matters a lot to mental health; temperature, pollution, rain not so much
Sunshine matters. A lot. The idea isn’t exactly new, but according to a recent BYU study, when it comes to your mental and emotional health, the amount of time between sunrise and sunset is the weather variable that matters most. Your day might be filled with irritatingly hot temperatures, thick air pollution and maybe even pockets of rainclouds, but that won’t necessarily get you down. If you’re able to soak up enough sun, your level of emotional distress should remain stable.
Brigham Young University - 11/2/2016
Less Labor Pain, Lower Postpartum Depression Risk? Reduced inflammation one possible reason for the association, researcher says
Women who obtain good pain relief during labor may have to worry less about postpartum depression later, new research suggests. "Reducing pain during labor is associated with a reduced risk for postpartum depression," said study leader Dr. Grace Lim, director of obstetric anesthesiology at Magee-Women's Hospital of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
HealthDay - 10/26/2016
More than 50% of Americans now have at least one chronic health condition, mental disorder or substance-use issue
With the future of US healthcare likely to rest on the next presidency, a new study from Psychology, Health & Medicine highlights just how complex the medical needs of many Americans now are. As the authors of the study, Elizabeth Lee Reisinger Walker and Benjamin G. Druss, observe: "The health of individuals in the U.S.A. is increasingly being defined by complexity and multimorbidity, the co-occurrence of two or more chronic medical conditions." Given the medical and socio-economic ...
ScienceDaily - 10/25/2016