New brief therapy eases symptoms of combat-related psychological trauma, USF Nursing study shows
Accelerated Resolution Therapy, or ART, is a brief, safe, and effective treatment for combat-related symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans and U.S. service members, researchers at University of South Florida College of Nursing report in a new study. They found this newer treatment — a combination of evidence-based psychotherapies and use of eye movements — was shorter and more likely to be completed, than conventional therapies ...
University of South Florida (USF Health) - 12/9/2013
A Personal Antidepressant for Every Genome: Researchers discover gene that may predict human responses to specific antidepressants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants, but they don't work for everyone. What's more, patients must often try several different SSRI medications, each with a different set of side effects, before finding one that is effective. It takes three to four weeks to see if a particular antidepressant drug works. Meanwhile, patients and their families continue to suffer. Now researchers at Tel Aviv University have discovered ...
American Friends of Tel Aviv University - 12/9/2013
Early Puberty in Girls Might Be Linked to Bad Behavior: Study found they were more likely to say they had gotten into fights, skipped school
Girls who hit puberty early might be more likely than their peers to get into fights or skip school, a new study suggests. Researchers found that girls who started their menstrual periods early -- before age 11 -- were more likely to admit to a "delinquent act." Those acts included getting into fights at school, skipping classes and running away from home.
HealthDay - 12/9/2013
How a Concussion Can Lead to Depression Years Later: After brain injury, cells on ‘high alert’ prolong immune response, affecting behavior
A head injury can lead immune-system brain cells to go on “high alert” and overreact to later immune challenges by becoming excessively inflammatory – a condition linked with depressive complications, a new animal study suggests. The findings could help explain some of the midlife mental-health issues suffered by individuals who experience multiple concussions as young adults, researchers say. And these depressive symptoms are likely inflammation-related, ...
Ohio State University - 12/9/2013
Frequent Cell Phone Use Linked to Anxiety, Lower Grades and Reduced Happiness in Students, Research Shows
Today, smartphones are central to college students’ lives, keeping them constantly connected with friends, family and the Internet. Students’ cell phones are rarely out of reach whether the setting is a college classroom, library, recreational center, cafeteria or dorm room. As cell phone use continues to increase, it is worth considering whether use of the device is related to measurable outcomes important for student success, such as academic performance, anxiety and happiness.
Kent State University - 12/6/2013
Feeling Defeated, Entrapped Is Linked to Anxiety, Depression
Feeling defeated and entrapped is linked to anxiety and depression. This is the conclusion of research being presented at the Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Division of Clinical Psychology in York by Alys Griffiths and colleagues from Manchester and Leicester Universities. Alys set up a study where people from economically deprived areas, over half of whom were experiencing levels of defeat and entrapment that were clinically relevant, ...
ScienceDaily - 12/5/2013
Better Diagnoses May Help Vets With Anxiety Get Treatment
Veterans who suffer from anxiety may not get appropriate treatment for want of a specific diagnosis, finds a new study in General Hospital Psychiatry. Lead researcher Terri L. Barrera, Ph.D., and her colleagues at the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center in Houston, TX looked at data from Veterans Health Administration outpatient records for patients with anxiety. 38 percent of the sample was diagnosed with anxiety non-specified (NOS). They expected to find that ...
ScienceDaily - 12/5/2013
Talk Therapy May Reverse Biological Changes in PTSD Patients
A new paper published in Biological Psychiatry suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) not only reduces symptoms but also affects the underlying biology of this disorder. The researchers, led by Dr. Szabolcs Kéri at the National Institute of Psychiatry and Addictions and University of Szeged in Hungary, recruited 39 individuals diagnosed with PTSD to participate in the study. For a comparison group, they also included 31 ...
ScienceDaily - 12/3/2013
Ecstasy Use on Rise Again Among U.S. Teens: Alcohol contributing to ER visits from hallucinogen, federal officials say
The number of U.S. teens who wind up in the emergency room after taking the club drug Ecstasy has more than doubled in recent years, raising concerns that the hallucinogen is back in vogue, federal officials report. Emergency room visits related to MDMA -- known as Ecstasy in pill form and Molly in the newer powder form -- increased 128 percent between 2005 and 2011 among people younger than 21. Visits rose from about roughly 4,500 to more than ...
HealthDay - 12/3/2013
Mother's Smoking, Early Birth May Raise ADHD Risk in Children: But researchers say more study on the causes of the disorder is needed
A new study from Australia sheds more light on what environmental factors might raise the risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). "Compared with mothers whose children did not have ADHD, mothers of children with ADHD were more likely to be younger, single, smoked in pregnancy, had some complications of pregnancy and labor, and were more likely to have given birth slightly earlier," said study co-author Dr. Carol Bower, a senior principal ...
HealthDay - 12/3/2013
Does Facebook use affect body image in teen girls?
"Appearance exposure" on the Internet has been linked to body image disturbance among adolescent girls. A new study that links specific Facebook activities, but not overall Facebook use to body dissatisfaction and a drive for thinness in teen girls is published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
EurekAlert - 12/3/2013
ADHD Linked to Social, Economic Disadvantage
Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and childhood attention deficit disorder (ADHD) in the UK. A team led by the University of Exeter Medical School analysed data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a database of more than 19,500 UK children born between 2000 and 2002. Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and childhood attention deficit disorder (ADHD) in the UK.
ScienceDaily - 11/26/2013
Teens ‘Eat More, Cheat More’ After Playing Violent Video Games: Research finds effects go beyond increase in aggression
Playing violent video games not only increases aggression, it also leads to less self-control and more cheating, a new study finds. Researchers found that teens who played violent video games ate more chocolate and were more likely to steal raffle tickets in a lab experiment than were teens who played nonviolent games. The effects were strongest in teens who scored high on a measure of moral disengagement – the ability to convince yourself that ethical standards don’t ...
Ohio State University - 11/25/2013
Video game play may provide learning, health, social benefits, review finds: Authors suggest balancing questions of harm with potential for positive impact
Playing video games, including violent shooter games, may boost children's learning, health and social skills, according to a review of research on the positive effects of video game play to be published by the American Psychological Association. The study comes out as debate continues among psychologists and other health professionals regarding the effects of violent media on youth. An APA task force is conducting a comprehensive review of research ...
EurekAlert - 11/25/2013
ADHD study: Expensive training programs don't help kids' grades, behavior
Many parents spend thousands of dollars on computer-based training programs that claim to help children with ADHD succeed in the classroom and in peer relationships while reducing hyperactivity and inattentiveness. But a University of Central Florida researcher says parents are better off saving their hard-earned cash.
EurekAlert - 11/25/2013
1 in 10 U.S. Children Now Has ADHD, CDC Says: Good news is that the rate of increase is slowing, researchers add
One in every 10 U.S. children has been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the steady rise in cases has started to slow, a new government survey shows. The 2011 poll of more than 95,000 parents showed that about 11 percent -- or about 6.4 million -- of children aged 4 to 17 had been diagnosed with ADHD. That's up from a 2007 survey that found that 9.5 percent of youngsters in that age group had an ADHD diagnoses.
HealthDay - 11/22/2013
How Are Fear-Related Behaviors, Anxiety Disorders Controlled?
Some traumatic events may lead to the development of severe medical conditions such as anxiety disorders or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite successful treatments, some patients relapse, and the original symptoms reappear over time (fear of crowds, recurring nightmares, etc.). An understanding of the neuronal structures and mechanisms involved in this spontaneous recovery of traumatic responses is essential.
ScienceDaily - 11/21/2013
Teens' Mental Disorders Often Untreated in U.S., Study Finds: Shortage of child psychiatrists partly to blame
Less than half of American teens with mental health disorders receive treatment, and those who do get help rarely see a mental health specialist, a new study indicates. The findings underscore the need for better mental health services for teens, said study author E. Jane Costello, associate director of the Duke Center for Child and Family Policy in Durham, N.C.
HealthDay - 11/21/2013
PTSD Might Lead to Sizable Weight Gain in Women: Stress hormones may be one reason for this body-mind connection, study author says
Women with post-traumatic stress disorder are more likely to be overweight or obese than women without the condition, a new study suggests. According to the researchers, one in nine women will have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some point in her life. That's twice as often as men. Women are more likely to experience traumatic events, such as rape, which carry a high risk for PTSD, the study authors said.
HealthDay - 11/20/2013
Are Probiotics a Promising Treatment Strategy for Depression?
Probiotics are not new, but their status as a nutritional buzzword is. Most folks have now heard and seen the term countless times in commercials and advertisements, as yogurt, dietary supplement, natural food product, and even cosmetic companies promote their probiotic-containing products. But what are they, and why are they important? Probiotics are live bacteria that help maintain a healthy digestive system. The development and marketing of products that ...
ScienceDaily - 11/14/2013
Even Football Heroes Can Be Laid Low by Depression: Colleges need to ensure that mental-health issues are identified and addressed, athletic trainers say
Will Heininger was a 295-pound defensive tackle for the University of Michigan at the end of his freshman year when he realized he had a big problem: He was severely depressed. Surrounded by a collegiate culture of superathletes in a sport known for its toughness, Heininger was afraid to let anyone know how desperate he was. "I had consuming thoughts from the time I woke up to the time I went to bed," he said. "My parents had gotten divorced the year before, ...
HealthDay - 11/14/2013
Childhood trauma may contribute to teen weight problems
Children who have gone through trying times are more likely to be overweight by age 15, a new study suggests.
Stress in childhood has been associated with a greater risk of becoming overweight, although the link isn't always consistent from study to study, researchers said.
Reuters - 11/14/2013
Teens Who Are Night Owls May Struggle in School: Study found staying up late translated into lower GPA scores, more emotional problems
Teens who stay up late are more likely to have lower grades and more emotional problems, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from 2,700 U.S. teens, aged 13 to 18. Of those, 30 percent said they went to bed later than 11.30 p.m. on school nights and 1:30 a.m. in the summer. By the time they graduated from high school, the teens who stayed up late during the school year had lower GPA scores and were more likely to have emotional ...
HealthDay - 11/14/2013
Studies explore potential origins of addiction and treatments: Novel therapies for nicotine, heroin, and gambling addiction show promise
Studies released today suggest promising new treatments for nicotine and heroin addiction, and further our understanding of pathological gambling and heroin abuse in those suffering chronic pain. This new knowledge, released at Neuroscience 2013, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health, may one day lead to non-pharmaceutical interventions and therapies to treat addiction.
EurekAlert - 11/12/2013
Success Examined of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Older Veterans' Depression
Experts examine success of cognitive behavioral therapy in treating older veterans' depression Researchers have found significant and equivalent reductions in depressive symptoms for both older and younger veterans undergoing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for depression (CBT-D), according to an article published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences on November 11.
ScienceDaily - 11/11/2013
Parental Stress, Domestic Violence May Affect Kids' Development: Although no direct link was found, researchers suggest screening children for risk factors
New research suggests that children who are exposed to domestic violence and depressed or anxious parents are more likely to lag in developing language, motor and social skills. It's not clear that these types of problems in the household actually cause kids to fail to reach developmental milestones as quickly as other children, and it's possible that there's no direct connection. Still, the researchers said the findings point to the importance of screening children for signs ...
HealthDay - 11/7/2013
Personal Reflection Triggers Increased Brain Activity During Depressive Episodes
Research by the University of Liverpool has found that people experiencing depressive episodes display increased brain activity when they think about themselves. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain imaging technologies, scientists found that people experiencing a depressive episode process information about themselves in the brain differently to people who are not depressed.
ScienceDaily - 11/6/2013
Eating Disorders More Common in Males Than Realized
Parents and doctors assume eating disorders very rarely affect males. However, a study of 5,527 teenage males from across the U.S., published Nov.4 in JAMA Pediatrics, challenges this belief. Boston Children's Hospital researchers found 17.9 percent of adolescent boys were extremely concerned about their weight and physique. These boys were more likely to start engaging in risky behaviors, including drug use and frequent binge drinking.
ScienceDaily - 11/5/2013
Wives matter more when it comes to calming down marital conflicts
Marriage can be a battlefield. But a new study conducted at UC Berkeley has found that, when it comes to keeping the peace, it’s more important for wives than for husbands to calm down after a heated argument. While both spouses were equally able to cool down during conflicts, the husbands’ emotional regulation had little or no bearing on long-term marital satisfaction, according to the study’s findings published online Nov. 4 in the journal Emotion.
University of California - Berkeley - 11/5/2013
Improved sexual functioning, hormones after weight-loss bariatric surgery
Women who underwent bariatric surgery experienced better sexual functioning, improvement in reproductive hormones, and better health-related and weight-related quality of life, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Surgery, a JAMA Network publication.
EurekAlert - 11/4/2013
Antidepressant Drug Induces a Juvenile-Like State in Neurons of the Prefrontal Cortex
For long, brain development and maturation has been thought to be a one-way process, in which plasticity diminishes with age. The possibility that the adult brain can revert to a younger state and regain plasticity has not been considered often. In a paper appearing on November 4 in the online open-access journal Molecular Brain, Dr. Tsuyoshi Miyakawa and his colleagues from Fujita Health University show that chronic administration of one of the most widely ...
ScienceDaily - 11/4/2013
Romance Can Sour When Only One Partner Slims Down: Study of couples probes the 'dark side' of weight loss
A romantic relationship can change when one partner slims down, and not always in a good way, new research suggests. "Losing weight can affect your relationship negatively," said Lynsey Romo, an assistant professor of communication at North Carolina State University, in Raleigh. In her study of 21 couples in which one partner had lost an average of 60 pounds in two years or less, she found the relationships usually changed for the better. That may have ...
HealthDay - 11/1/2013
Bipolar and pregnant: Bipolar drugs lose effect during pregnancy, so women need higher doses to stay well
New Northwestern Medicine® research offers one of the first in-depth studies of how physiological changes during pregnancy reduce the effects of a commonly used drug to treat bipolar disorder, making women more vulnerable to recurring episodes. The new findings will help psychiatrists and physicians prevent bipolar manic and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, which are risky for the health of the mother and her unborn child.
EurekAlert - 11/1/2013
Can putting your child before yourself make you a happier person? Study explores the correlation between child-centric behavior and parental happiness and fulfillment
While popular media often depicts highly-involved parents negatively as "helicopter parents" or "tiger moms, how does placing one's children at the center of family life really affect parental well-being? New research published in Social Psychological and Personality Science finds that parents who prioritize their children's well-being over their own are not only happier, but also derive more meaning in life from their child-rearing responsibilities.
EurekAlert - 11/1/2013
Keeping Emotions in Check May Not Always Benefit Psychological Health
Being able to regulate your emotions is important for well-being, but new research suggests that a common emotion regulation strategy called “cognitive reappraisal” may actually be harmful when it comes to stressors that are under our control. The study is published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Association for Psychological Science - 10/28/2013
Help Your Children Manage Media Use, Experts Urge: Smartphones, social media and TV take up large chunks of most kids' days
American children and teens have almost constant exposure to a wide range of media -- such as smart phones, social media and television -- and kids' use of such media must be carefully managed, child experts say. Excessive media use has been associated with obesity, lack of sleep, school problems, aggression and other behavior problems, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).
HealthDay - 10/28/2013
Behavior problems in preschool and child care centers may be an issue of genes
A new study suggests that some children may be genetically predisposed to developing behavioral problems in child care and preschool settings. Previous research has found that some children develop behavior problems at child care centers and preschools, despite the benefit of academic gains. It was never known, however, why some youngsters struggle in these settings and others flourish. The new study indicates that some children may be acting out due to poor ...
Oregon State University - 10/24/2013
How Are Children Affected by Maternal Anxiety and Depression?
Maternal symptoms of anxiety and depression increased the risk of emotional and disruptive problem behaviors in children as early as 18 months of age, according to new research findings from the TOPP study. The risk persisted into adolescence and also gave an increased risk of depressive symptoms. The study is published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.
ScienceDaily - 10/24/2013
Do Sunny Climates Reduce ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder. Scientists do not know what causes it, but genetics play a clear role. Other risk factors have also been identified, including premature birth, low birth weight, a mother's use of alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy, and environmental exposures to toxins like lead.
ScienceDaily - 10/21/2013
Stress-Busting Tips From Experts: Whether it's taking a nature walk or some deep breaths, activity helps
Nobody is immune from the negative health effects of stress. The good news is that staying active is a natural and effective way to reduce stress and avoid related issues like weight fluctuations, nausea and feeling tired, experts say. "Stress can have many negative effects on the body, such as fatigue, headaches, upset stomach, insomnia, weight loss or gain, muscle tension, and elevated heart rate and blood pressure. You need to find an activity that helps reduce ...
HealthDay - 10/18/2013