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Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Linked to Reduction in Suicide Attempts Among High School Students
The implementation of state laws legalizing same-sex marriage was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of suicide attempts among high school students – and an even greater reduction among gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests. The researchers, publishing Feb. 20 in JAMA Pediatrics, estimate that state-level same-sex marriage policies were associated with more than 134,000 fewer ...
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health - 2/20/2017
How depression can muddle thinking
Depression is associated with sadness, fatigue and a lack of motivation. But people with depression can also have trouble processing information and solving problems. Now scientists studying a rat model for depression are identifying on a molecular level how the condition could affect thinking. The findings, published in the journal ACS Chemical Neuroscience, could lead to the development of new depression treatments that would address associated cognitive problems.
American Chemical Society - 2/15/2017
Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant
Men who were stressed or in poor health had elevated depression symptoms when their partners were pregnant and nine months after the birth of their child, according to the results of a study of expectant and new fathers in New Zealand published online by JAMA Psychiatry. The research by Lisa Underwood, Ph.D., of the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and coauthors follows up on their studies of perinatal depression in mothers.
ScienceDaily - 2/15/2017
Study reveals surprising link between athletics and addiction: Work-hard, play-hard culture may put elite athletes at higher risk of substance abuse, researcher finds
As she was planning her study to look into the role physical activity and sport play in the development of substance addiction, Laurie de Grace was forewarned that she may have trouble finding any recovering addicts with a sporting background to speak with. After all, sport and physical activity go hand in hand with good mental health—or so conventional wisdom would suggest. “Instead, what we found is with addiction, the more risks that are present, the greater ...
University of Alberta - 2/13/2017
Want to help your partner deal with depression? Try a little tenderness: Easing your romantic partner’s stress can boost their mental health later, study shows
The more depressed your romantic partner may be, the more love you should give them, according to new University of Alberta research. It can be tempting to pull back, but tough as it may be, helping your loved one stick it out through a bout of depression can help their future mental health, said relationships researcher Matthew Johnson. “Efforts from a partner to help alleviate stress may prevent the development or worsening of mental health problems and, in fact, could help keep the ...
University of Alberta - 2/8/2017
PTSD Symptoms May Be Prevented With Ketamine: Study in mice shows drug’s potential to prevent PTSD in soldiers and others likely to experience psychological trauma
Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) researchers have found that a single dose of ketamine, given one week before a stressful event, can buffer against a heightened fear response. The study, conducted in mice, suggests that prophylactic administration of ketamine—a drug commonly used as a general anesthetic or a rapid-acting antidepressant—might prevent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in soldiers and others who subsequently experience psychological ...
Columbia University Medical Center - 2/8/2017
Psychotherapy normalizes the brain in social phobia
Psychotherapy is a central treatment for social anxiety disorder. Due to this treatment, changes in key brain structures involved in emotion processing and regulation are normalized, as researchers from the University of Zurich, Zurich University Hospital and the University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich demonstrate in a new study.
University of Zurich - 2/6/2017
Easier to let go – can depression help people deal with life? Patients with depression find it easier to abandon unattainable goals, psychological study shows
"If at first you don't succeed, try, try again!" This saying is drummed into us from a young age, when our tower of building blocks keeps collapsing or we just can't get the hang of riding a bicycle. Perseverance is praised and we are told that only with the right motivation will we be able to achieve the aims we have set ourselves. "That may hold true in many areas of life, such as work, sport or the family," says Prof. Klaus Rothermund of Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany). But ...
Friedrich Schiller University, Jena - 2/2/2017
Early signs of anxiety, depression may be evident in newborns: Brain scans may indicate clues to later problems
Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain even at birth, suggests a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Analyzing brain scans of newborns, the researchers found that the strength and pattern of connections between certain brain regions predicted the likelihood of the babies developing excessive sadness, shyness, nervousness or separation anxiety by age 2. Such symptoms have been linked to clinical depression and ...
Washington University School of Medicine - 2/2/2017
Antidepressants Induce Resilience and Reverse Susceptibility
When they work, antidepressant medications may take weeks or months to alleviate symptoms of depression. Progress in developing new and more effective antidepressant treatments has been limited, though a new study offers new insights into how antidepressants work.
ScienceDaily - 2/2/2017
Overnights at dad's home benefit divorced mothers, fathers and their babies
In the aftermath of a separation or divorce there are real choices that need to be made about where the children will spend the night. When children are infants and toddlers, some parents and some prominent psychologists worry that frequent overnights at the father's home might disturb the relationship with mother. But new research from Arizona State University shows that children of divorce, no matter what their age, benefit from having parenting time with each parent that ...
EurekAlert - 2/2/2017
Eating Disorders Rampant on the Runway: Over half of models surveyed said they'd been asked to lose weight or change their body shape
As the fashion industry gears up for New York Fashion Week next week, new research suggests that eating disorders are rampant on the runway. In a survey, more than half of the models questioned said they face constant pressure to be dangerously thin or change the shape of their body. "While acknowledgment of disordered eating within the fashion industry is not new, our research study shows the lengths that models are willing to take to achieve the industry's physical 'ideal,' and ...
HealthDay - 2/1/2017
Physically active children are less depressed
Previous studies have shown that adults and young people who are physically active have a lower risk of developing depression. But the same effect has not been studied in children – until now. Results from a new study show that children experience the same beneficial effects as adults from being active. The study defined “active” as moderate to vigorous physical activity that leaves kids sweaty or out of breath.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology - 1/31/2017
New Study Shows Anxiety Impairing Quality of Life for Postmenopausal Women
Whether anxiety increases common menopause symptoms such as hot flashes and sleep disruption or whether these symptoms cause increased anxiety remains an ongoing debate. Regardless of which comes first, multiple studies confirm that increased anxiety occurring during the menopause transition adversely affects a woman's quality of life. Now a new study documents the same association in postmenopausal women.
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) - 1/25/2017
Teenagers who access mental health services see significant improvements, study shows
Young people with mental health problems who have contact with mental health services are significantly less likely to suffer from clinical depression later in their adolescence than those with equivalent difficulties who do not receive treatment, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. This comes as Prime Minister Theresa May announced measures to improve mental health support at every stage of a person’s life, with an emphasis on early intervention for ...
University of Cambridge - 1/19/2017
Mothers of socially anxious children take involvement to the next level: Overinvolvement by mothers may lead a child to constantly expect a threatening environment
When mothers of children with social anxiety disorder try to support their children, it often backfires. The results of an experiment involving building difficult puzzles indicate that, even at home, mothers of children with the disorder are more involved with their offspring than mothers of healthy control children. These findings indicate behavioral control on the part of the mother, says Julia Asbrand of the Institute of Psychology in Freiburg, Germany, in Springer’s journal Cognitive ...
Springer - 1/18/2017
New avenue for anti-depressant therapy discovered
Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. In so doing, they identified a new molecule that alleviates anxiety and depressive behaviour in rodents. The research, led by Eleanor Coffey, Research Director at Åbo Akademi University in Finland is a collaborative effort between scientists in Finland and the US.
EurekAlert - 1/18/2017
Study reveals for first time that talking therapy changes the brain's wiring
A new study from King’s College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust has shown for the first time that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strengthens specific connections in the brains of people with psychosis, and that these stronger connections are associated with long-term reduction in symptoms and recovery eight years later.
CBT – a specific type of talking therapy – involves people changing the way they think about and respond to their ...
King’s College London - 1/17/2017
Eating disorders are affecting more UK women in their 40s and 50s
In a UK study of 5,320 women, 3% were found to have an active eating disorder in mid-life, a figure higher than expected as eating disorders are primarily associated with adolescence or early adulthood. The research was published in the open access journal BMC Medicine. This is the first time the prevalence of eating disorders has been investigated in a population sample of women in the fourth and fifth decade of life and the researchers were surprised to find that eating disorders ...
EurekAlert - 1/16/2017
Treatment strategy provides mental health benefits to war trauma survivors
A study shows that a certain intervention called testimony therapy plus ceremony reduced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among Khmer Rouge torture survivors from across Cambodia. Testimony therapy included individual counselling, whereby the clients told their life stories, including traumatic events, and counselors provided support and documented the details of the narratives. After sessions, the counselors transcribed the narratives ...
EurekAlert - 1/13/2017
In Teens, Strong Friendships May Mitigate Depression Associated With Excessive Video Gaming
Teenagers who play video games for more than four hours a day suffer from symptoms of depression, but frequent use of social media and instant messaging may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in these teens, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests. The findings, scheduled for publication in the March 2017 issue of the journal Computers in Human Behavior, suggest that while heavy gaming, particularly in boys, can be viewed as a ...
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health - 1/12/2017
Counseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reports
A review of 207 studies involving more than 20,000 people found that those who engaged in therapeutic interventions were, on average, significantly less neurotic and a bit more extraverted after the interventions than they were beforehand. The review, reported in the journal Psychological Bulletin, challenges the idea that personality traits are established at birth or in childhood and remain static ever after, said University of Illinois psychology professor Brent Roberts, who led the ...
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - 1/6/2017
Identifying children at risk of eating disorders is key to saving lives
Spotting eating disorder symptoms in children as young as nine years old will allow medics to intervene early and save lives, experts say. A team from Newcastle University has identified that girls and boys with more eating disorder symptoms at age nine also had a higher number of symptoms at age 12. A new study published in the academic journal, Appetite, reveals the need to treat eating disorder problems as early as possible to help prevent children developing the life-threatening ...
Newcastle University - 1/5/2017
Making New Year's Resolutions That Last: Think small, manageable goals -- not sweeping lifestyle changes, psychologists advise
Though made with the best of intentions, most New Year's resolutions last about as long as the bubbles in leftover champagne. That's why experts from the American Psychological Association (APA) suggest planning manageable positive lifestyle changes for the new year instead of major life overhauls that set you up for disappointment. "Setting small, attainable goals throughout the year -- instead of a singular, overwhelming goal on January 1 -- can help you reach whatever it is ...
HealthDay - 12/30/2016
New Research Links Social Media Usage to Depression
During the holiday season, it’s common for social media fundies to post reels of photos highlighting their trip abroad for all their ‘friends’ to absorb. This affirmation triggers a release of dopamine. The natural ‘Reward-Molecule’ comes when the one who posted receives approval such as a ‘like’ or a comment, according to a study done by San Francisco-based media buying firm, RadiumOne. However, not much research exists about the viewer of these posts. For those on the receiving end ...
Interesting Engineering - 12/29/2016
The late effects of stress: New insights into how the brain responds to trauma
A new study has shown how a single instance of severe stress can lead to delayed trauma. A stressful incident can lead to increased electrical activity in a brain region known as the amygdala. This activity is delayed and is dependent on a molecule known as the N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor (NMDA-R), a protein on nerve cells known to be crucial for memory functions.
ScienceDaily - 12/28/2016
Is there such a thing as an emotional hangover? NYU researchers find that there is
Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. This study, which appears in the journal Nature Neuroscience, also shows that this emotional "hangover" influences how we attend to and remember future experiences. "How we remember events is not just a consequence of the external world we experience, but is also strongly ...
EurekAlert - 12/26/2016
Feeling blue? Taking a break from Facebook might help
A new study shows that regular use of social networking such as Facebook can negatively affect your emotional well-being and satisfaction with life. But you don't have to quit Facebook altogether; simply changing your social networking behavior and taking an occasional break from Facebook may lift your spirits, according to the study published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
EurekAlert - 12/20/2016
A cure for social anxiety disorders: Cognitive therapy shown to be most effective treatment
Social phobia is the most common anxiety disorder of our time. But the current treatment regimen for patients with this diagnosis has not proven very effective. Now NTNU researchers believe they have found a cure for social anxiety disorders. “We’ve set a new world record in effectively treating social anxiety disorders,” says Hans M. Nordahl, a professor of behavioural medicine at NTNU. He has led a project with a team of doctors and psychologists from NTNU and the ...
Norwegian University of Science and Technology - 12/16/2016
Child Abuse Cases in Army Families May Be Under-Reported: Some kids 'are falling through the cracks of a broken system,' researcher says
Child abuse within U.S. Army families may be significantly under-reported, a new study suggests. Researchers found that only one-fifth of diagnosed child abuse and neglect cases among U.S. Army-dependent children from 2004 to 2007 had a substantiated report with the Army's Family Advocacy Program (FAP). The program is responsible for investigating and treating child abuse. That's less than half the rate (44 percent) of child abuse cases substantiated by civilian Child Protective ...
HealthDay - 12/14/2016
Pessimists – You Aren’t Alone in Feeling Down: New study by UC Riverside psychology professor proves that even optimists get the blues
Waiting for those tests results? Waiting to hear who won the election? And while waiting, does the feeling of dread start to creep in? Turns out, as the moment of uncertain news draws nearer and nearer, bracing for the worst comes as second nature to optimists and pessimists alike. In a new study called “Even Optimists Get the Blues: Inter-Individual Consistency in the Tendency to Brace for the Worst,” published in the Journal of Personality, Kate Sweeny, psychology professor ...
University of California, Riverside - 12/13/2016
Sleep helps process traumatic experiences
If we sleep in the first 24 hours after a traumatic experience, this helps pigeonhole and process the distressing memories more effectively, as researchers from the University of Zurich and the Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich demonstrate in a new study. Sleep could thus be used as an early prevention strategy for posttraumatic stress disorders.
University of Zurich - 12/13/2016
Type of psychotherapy matters in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
Previous studies have found that, on average, psychotherapy is just as effective as medications in reducing the severity of symptoms of this gastrointestinal disorder and the type of psychotherapy did not seem to matter. Now, psychologists at Vanderbilt University have looked at different types of psychotherapy to determine which is best at improving the ability of IBS patients to participate in daily activities. They found that one form, called cognitive behavior therapy, was the most ...
ScienceDaily - 12/12/2016
Emerging Trends in Alcohol Binge and Use Disorders Among Older Adults: The evidence of increased unhealthy alcohol use among older adults cannot be ignored
Alcohol is the most commonly used psychoactive substance among older adults, and this group can have unique risks associated with alcohol consumption—in even lower amounts—compared to younger persons. “Older adults have particular vulnerabilities to alcohol due to physiological changes during aging, including increasing chronic disease burden and medication use,” said Benjamin Han, MD, MPH, a geriatrician and health services researcher at the Center for Drug ...
New York University - 12/12/2016
Shooting, gang violence exposure leads to PTSD: Strong correlation between PTSD symptoms and severe depression
The violence that women in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience and witness can result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and full diagnoses, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study that examined a disadvantaged Chicago neighborhood. Also noteworthy, women with PTSD diagnosis or sub-threshold PTSD had significantly more severe depression symptoms than women in the study who didn’t report experiencing trauma. Every woman who ...
Northwestern University - 12/8/2016
Drug Use Strong Predictor for Postpartum Mental Health Problems
New research from North Carolina State University and the University of British Columbia finds that a woman’s lifetime history of drug use can help predict whether the woman will suffer from problems with stress and anxiety after childbirth. The finding could help health-care providers screen pregnant women for mental health problems and provide relevant treatment. “There’s been a lot of attention recently on the need to incorporate mental health screening into prenatal care, and it ...
North Carolina State University - 12/8/2016
Comparing yourself with others on Facebook is more likely to lead to feelings of depression than making social comparisons offline, investigators report
Comparing yourself with others on Facebook is more likely to lead to feelings of depression than making social comparisons offline. That's one of the findings from a review of all the research on the links between social networking and depression by David Baker and Dr Guillermo Perez Algorta from Lancaster University. They examined studies from 14 countries with 35,000 participants aged between 15 and 88. There are among 1.8 billion people on online social networking sites ...
ScienceDaily - 11/28/2016
Depression in young people affects the stomach, anxiety the skin
Mental disorders and physical diseases frequently go hand in hand. For the first time, psychologists at the University of Basel and Ruhr University Bochum have identified temporal patterns in young people: arthritis and diseases of the digestive system are more common after depression, while anxiety disorders tend to be followed by skin diseases. Physical diseases and mental disorders affect a person's quality of life and present a huge challenge for the healthcare system.
EurekAlert - 11/24/2016
Active-duty military find PTSD relief through individual cognitive therapy: One-on-one therapy eliminated PTSD diagnoses for almost half of trial participants
Although both group and individual therapy can ease post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in active-duty military service members, individual therapy relieved PTSD symptoms better and quicker, according to a study led by a Duke University School of Medicine researcher. The randomized clinical trial is the largest to date to examine an evidence-based treatment for active-duty military service members, with 268 participants from the U.S. Army's Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas.
EurekAlert - 11/23/2016
Everyday creative activity may lead to an "upward spiral" of increased wellbeing and creativity in young adults, new research suggests
In their study, Department of Psychology researchers asked 658 university students to keep a daily diary of their experiences and emotional states over 13 days. After analysing the diaries the researchers, led by Dr Tamlin Conner, found a pattern of the participants feeling more enthusiasm and higher "flourishing" than usual following days when they were more creative. Flourishing is a psychological concept that can be described as increasing positive growth in oneself.
ScienceDaily - 11/23/2016